AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions

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AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions

Time: 3.15 hours
Max. Marks: 100


  1. In the duration of 3 hours, 15 minutes, 15 minutes of time is allotted to read tiw question paper.
  2. All answers shall be written in flic separate booklet only.
  3. Question paper consists of 4 Sections and 33 Questions.
  4. Internal choice is available in Section IV only.
  5. Answers shall be written neatly and legibly.

Section – I
12 x 1 = 12 M

1) Answer all the questions.
2) Each question carries 1 mark.

Question 1.
Identify the mismatched pair.
a. Massai warrior in Kenya
b. Yurta in Kazakhastan
c. Qiang tribes in Afghanistan
d. Gaucho in South America
Qiang tribes in Afghanistan (Wrong)
Qiang tribes in Tibet (Right)

Question 2.
Give any two examples for final goods.
Notebook, car, and computer

Question 3.
This is not the method of organic farming.
Use of biological pest control
Crop rotation
Use of compost
Use of chemical fertilisers
Use of chemical fertilisers.

Question 4.
Based on the relationship between the items in the first pair, complete the second pair.
Formation of League of Nations: 1919
Formation of U.N.O. : …………… ? …………….

AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions

Question 5.
Site, Situation, and History are basic characteristics of a place. “The soil type is clay” is an example of which of these characteristics of a place?

Question 6.
Write any two reasons for migration.
Marriage, employment, education and famines

Question 7.
This is NOT a neighbouring country of India ……………………… .

Question 8.
Who was assigned the task of integration of princely states?
Subhash Chandra Bose
Jawaharlal Nehru
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Question 9.
What did Eric Hobshawm call the 20th century?
The age of extremes

Question 10.
Identify the WRONGLY matched pair.
Quit India Movement – 1942
Non-cooperation Movement – 1930
Vandemataram Movement – 1905
Non-cooperation Movement – 1930 (Wrong)
Non-cooperation Movement – 1920 (Right)

Question 11.
According to the information given in the table, answer the following question.

State IMR per 1000
Punjab 42
Himachal Pradesh 36
Bihar 62

Which state is in better place with respect to IMR?
Himachal Pradesh

Question 12.
Expand SALT.
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

Section – II
8 × 2 = 16 M

1) Answer all the questions.
2) Each question carries 2 marks.

Question 13.
What is population density? According to 2011 census, what is the population density of India?
Number of persons per unit area is called population density. The population density of India in 2011 was 382 per sq. km.

Question 14.
Mention any two important features of the federal system.
Features of Federal system

  • Dual policy
  • Separation of powers between the center and states

Question 15.
Rewrite the following paragraph with the necessary corrections. India lies in southern hemisphere. It is located between 8°4’ North latitude and 500 North latitude.
India is a very extensive country and lies totally in the northern hemisphere of the globe. The country’s mainland lies between 8°4’N and 37°6’N North latitude and 68°7′ and 97°25′ East longitude.

AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions

Question 16.
‘Coalition politics lead to unstable governments. Comment.

  1. Since 1989 till 2014, all governments that had formed at the national level had been either coalition or minority governments.
  2. A number of national and regional parties had to come together to form governments at the center.
  3. In some situations, small parties tried to gain undue advantage as the withdrawal of their support could cause the failure of the government.
  4. The coalition could not implement any policy for the fear of withdrawal of the support of small parties.
  5. Hence we can say coalition governments are responsible for political instability.

Question 17.
Name any two of the newly formed ‘Union Territories’ in India.
Jammu and Kashmir’s state was split into two new Union Territories on 31st October 2019

  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Ladakh.

Question 18.
Why did the Indian government remove the barriers for foreign trade and investments around 1991?

  1. In 1991, India was facing a serious economic crisis.
  2. Its reserve of foreign currency had been exhausted.
  3. When the new government under P.V. Narasimha Rao approached International Monetary Fund for loan, the IMF put some stringent conditions.
  4. One of the conditions is reducing restrictions on foreign investments in India.
  5. So, the Indian government removed trade barriers for foreign trade and investments.
  6. The removal of barriers helped in relaxing the debt of India with increase in the volume of trade.

Question 19.
The table shows the data related to the armament race among the European powers during 1880-1914. Write your observations on the data given.

Year 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914
Expenditure in Million Pounds 132 158 205 288 397


  1. In 19th century the military expenditure raised slowly.
  2. But during the 20th century, it raised rapidly.
  3. Before the First World War, the expenditure increased to its maximum level.
  4. In the decade of 1880-1890, the raise of expenditure was 26 million pounds only.
  5. Within four years i.e., between 1910 and 1914 the expenditure raised nearly by 109 million pounds.

Question 20.
Observe the given map.
AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions 1
a) Name any two tributaries of River Ganga.
b) Name any two countries River Brahmaputra passes through.
a) The Yamura, The Ram Ganga, The Gomti, The Gandak and the Kosi.
b) Tibet, India and Bangladesh

Section – III
8 x 4 = 32 M

1) Answer all the questions.
2) Each question carries 4 marks.

Question 21.
Explain the consequences of the World Wars.
The impacts of wars during the first half of 20th century.
a. Enormous human cost:

  1. The first impact of the wars was widespread deaths and injuries.
  2. Almost 10 million people were killed in the First World War and 20 to 25 million people in the Second World War.
  3. Most of those who died were men and almost all of them were under forty years of age.

b. Assertion of Democratic Principles:

  1. The two wars showed the dangers of having undemocratic governments and greatly strengthened the cause for democratization of power.
  2. After World War – II, the colonies of Western powers rose to independence and new democratic countries emerged.

c. New balance of power:

  1. World War- I ended several empires in Europe.
  2. The eastern and central Europe was redrawn on the basis of nationality, economic viability, and military security.

d. New International Organisations:
1. The League of Nations after World War – I and the United Nations Organisation after World War – II were formed to resolve disputes among the world countries peacefully.

e. Enfranchisement of women:

  1. Beginning with the confidence of being breadwinners, women began raising their voice for equality in all walks of life.
  2. Getting the right to vote was a big step in that direction.

AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions

Question 22.
Mention any four coastal states in India and name their coastal lines.

  • Maharashtra – Konkan coast
  • Tamilnadu – Coromandel coast
  • Andhra Pradesh – Circar coast
  • Karnataka – Cana ra coast
  • Odisha – UtkaI coast
  • Kerala – Malabar coast

Question 23.
Telecom revolution has brought several changes in human life nowadays. Explain them.

  1. Rajiv Gandhi initiated the telecom revolution in India.
  2. The telecom revolution spread the network of telephonic communication in the country using satellite technology.
  3. It helped in fast sharing of knowledge and information technology.
  4. It helped in saving much time through net booking of tickets, net banking, and other services.
  5. It saved the consumption of paper and proved indirectly eco-friendly.
  6. Life has become fast making total world a global village.
  7. The telecom revolution changed human lifestyles totally.

Question 24.
Explain the factors that have enabled Globalisation.

  1. Technology has been improved rapidly.
  2. Due to this, many revolutionary changes occurred in the fields of production, trade and especially in information and communication.
  3. Nowadays computers and internet has made the world a hamlet.
  4. After 1991, the barriers on foreign trade and foreign investment were removed to a large extent in India.
  5. This has sped up the process of globalisation in India.
  6. The policies implemented by international organisations like WTO promoted the interests of MNCs, all over the world.

Question 25.
What measures are being taken up by the government for the development of government schools in Andhra Pradesh?
The measures taken up by A.P Government for the development of government schools in the state are

  1. The State Government has set a target of modernising 15, 715 schools in the state under the ‘Nadu-Nedu’ programme. It helped for revamping the school-level infrastructure such as proper classroom furniture, pure water, toilets, etc.
  2. For digital teaching support of Byju’s app is taken. Smart TVs are provided in every school.
  3. The government introduced English as medium of instruction for all the classes.
  4. The government introduced CBSE curriculum. The students can compete with the students of other states.
  5. The government introduced ‘Jagananna Ammavodi scheme by giving 15,000/- to the mother of each school-going child.
  6. The government reduced monetary burden to the parents of school-going children by providing them books, uniforms, and bags.
  7. The government upgraded the mid-day meal menu to make it more nutritious.
  8. The government is establishing skill development centers across the state.

Question 26.
Explain the role of Subhash Chandra Bose in National Movement.

  1. Subhash Chandra Bose had been a Swarajist and a radical nationalist. He organised the Indian National Army consisted of more than sixty thousand soldiers.
  2. He thought that India’s independence was of utmost importance and the Indians should take the help of the Japanese to throw out the British by army struggle.
  3. He went secretly to Germany and Japan and collected an army of Indian soldiers in 1942. These soldiers were captured by the Japanese when the British were defeated in Burma and Malaya.
  4. Subhash continued in his chosen path and led an army of Indian soldiers to fight along with the Imperial Army of Japan against the British for almost three years.
  5. In March 1944, the Indian flag was hoisted in Kohima. But with change of fortunes in the war, the British defeated Japan in the Second World War. The INA movement collapsed.

Question 27.
Observe the given timeline to answer the questions given below.

Proclamation of Weimer Republic Nov. 09, 1918
Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany Jan. 30, 1933
Germany invades Poland Sep. 01, 1939
Germany invades USSR June 22, 1941
USA joins Second World War Dec. 08, 1941

a) Which incident led to the World War – II?
b) ‘Weimar Republic was established in which country? When was it established?
A) Germany invading Poland on 1st September 1939 led to the World War II.
B) Weimar Republic was established in Germany on Nov 9, 1918.

Question 28.
Write your observations básed on the given map.
AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions 2

  • The given map is related to onset of southwest monsoon in India.
  • The southwest monsoon is generally expected to begin around the beginning of June and fade away by the end of September.
  • The southeast monsoon formed over the Indian Ocean cross the equator and deflects towards India. The low pressure is formed in the Indian sub-continent.
  • Then they flow as southwest monsoon.
  • They are divided into two parts the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch.
  • The monsoon burst first takes place in Kerala.

5 x 8 = 40 M

1) Answer all the questions.
2) Each question carries 8 Marks.
3) Each question has internal choice.
4) In question no.33, both A and B (India map and World tnap) should be answered separately.

Question 29.
A) Explain the raise of Hitler in Germany.
B) Differentiate between the Parliamentary and Presidential Systems of Government.
A) The challenges faced by Germany before Hitler were –

  1. Workers lost their jobs or were paid reduced wages.
  2. The number of unemployed touched 6 million.
  3. Small businessmen, the self-employed, and retailers suffered as their businesses got ruined. They were filled with the fear of becoming poor.
  4. Big business was in crisis.
  5. Peasantry was affected by fall in prices.
  6. This caused acute political instability.
  7. Fall in agricultural prices affected large masses of the peasantry.
  8. The middle class were alarmed as their savings were diminishing.
  9. Successive governments could not provide stability.
  10. By 1932, industrial production was reduced to 40% of the 1929 level.

Nazi rulers and Hitler took advantage of this situation by:

  1. Promising to restore the dignity of the German people by building a strong nation.
  2. Promising the youth a secure future with employment.
  3. Promising to remove all foreign authority and influence.
  4. Being anti-communist and anti-capitalist and putting forward Nazi’s ideas of economic development
  5. Hitler came to the power with these promises and ended the democratic rule.


Presidential System of Government Parliamentary system of Government.
1. President is the chief head of the executive 1. Prime Minister is the chief of the executive
2. The president has the power to dismiss the ministers. 2. President can dismiss only on the recommendation of the Prime Minister
3. The president is real executive 3. President is the constitutional head but the real power is with the Prime Minister.
4. The president is not bound to accept any advice. Ex: USA 4. President is generally bound by the advice of his minister. Ex: India

Question 30.
A) Give reasons to argue for the following statements “Public Distribution System can ensure better food security for people”. ,
B) Most scientists from around the world agree on this much: Anthropogenic Global Warming is real, it is happening and it is leading to drastic climatic change. Comment.
A) Yes, Public Distribution System surely ensures better food security for people because

  1. The people below poverty line (BPL) and poorest of poor people (Antyodaya card holders) cannot afford the marketplaces of regular food grains like rice, wheat, pulses, and non-food items like kerosene.
  2. Through PDS they can purchase all these items at very subsidized prices with which they can have square meal (2 times) a day.
  3. The second important reason is accessibility i.e., all foodgrains are distributed through ration shops present ¡n each village.
  4. The beneficiaries of particular village can show their ration card (BPL card / white card) and receive food grains in their own village without going to mandal / district office.
  5. So, both the above factors like subsidized rates and easy accessibility of public food distribution will ensure better food security for people.


  • Greenhouse effect is also called ‘Global warming’. Increase in the temperature of earth’s surface due to emission of Infrared rays by certain green hðuse gases, is called ‘global warming’ or ‘greenhouse effect’. This has severe negative effect on environment.
  • The raise in average temperature leads to the raise in the sea levels. The habitations in coastal areas will be drowned and people may lose their livelihood. Unexcepted changes occur in rainfall droughts and floods may occur and agriculture will be influenced.
  • So, as responsible citizens of the country, we must avoid all the actions, which will have a direct or indirect impact on the environment.
  • Introspection and laying down standards for ourselves are also necessary if we wish to have a healthy environment.

AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions

Question 31.
A) Explain the relations between India and Sri Lanka.
B) Explain the pros and cons of one-party dominance in Indian political system.

  1. Sri Lanka is an island nation in Indian Ocean which is an immediate neighbour to India, in south.
  2. Sri Lanka has majority of Tamil-speaking people in Northern and Eastern provinces.
  3. From decades, there has been demand for autonomous provinces for Sri Lankan Tamils. But, the ruling Sinhalese government never heard their demands.
  4. So, an extremist group named LTTE emerged to fight for the causes of Tamil ethnic people in Sri Lanka. Their demand rose to the level of civil war between Sri Lankan army and LTTE and led to great civilian loss and human rights violations.
  5. Indian government failed to persuade both the parties and its relation with Sri Lankan government was affected due to ethnic conflicts.

a) One-party dominance means a single party winning majority seats and thus rules at its will and wish.

  1. In independent India’s first three general elections in 1952, 1957, and 1962, the Indian National Congress won, reducing other participants to almost nothing.
  2. The Congress party formed the government in many of the states.
  3. This situation paved the way for the Congress system of government.
  4. It was clearly a case of one-party dominance.

b) I consider it as a dominance in terms of ideology also, because

  1. the elections were free and fair. So, it was the people’s belief in the ideology of the Indian National Congress, that brought it to power repeatedly.
  2. the ideals like socialism implemented by it through abolition of privy purses, nationalisation of banks, and land legislations proved its dominance in ideology also.
  3. the party leadership accommodated these variations hence it was not monopolistic or autocratic.
  4. the groups took different positions on various issues depending on the interests of the members.
  5. this made the Congress appear as if it was a party representing diverse interests and positions.

Question 32.
A) Show the below information in a tabular form.
AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions 3
B) Analyze the graph given below.
AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions 4

Sector Employment (%)
Agriculture 1972-73 2009-10
Industry 74% 53%
Services 11% 22%


  1. The above graph shows sex ratio in India from 1951 to 2011.
  2. Sex ratio is the number of females for 1000 males in the population.
  3. This is a social indicator to measure the extent of equality between men and women in a society.

Analysis of the data:

  • The sex ratio was consistently low.
  • It showed an improvement in 1981.
  • Since 1991 the sex ratio has been constantly improving.
  • Lower sex ratio indicates a hidden form of discrimination.
  • Girls face unequal opportunities for education and development.
  • Basic needs like nutritious food is not provided.

Conclusion: The increasing sex ratio shows that the discrimination is gradually reducing.

Question 33.
A) Locate the following in the given outline map of India.
Group – A
1) Bengaluru
2) River Krishna
3) Lakshadweep
4) Mt. Everest
1) River Godavari
2) Ladakh
3) Tropic of Cancer
4) Aravali mountains
1) Bengaluru
2) River Krishna
3) Lakshadweep
4) Mt. Everest
1) River Godavari
2) Ladakh
3) Tropic of Cancer
4) Aravali mountains
AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions 5

AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions

Group – B
B) Locate the following in the given outline map of the World.
1) London
2) Indonesia
3) Russia
4) Canada
1) Germany
2) Black sea
3) Brazil
4) New York
1) London
2) Indonesia
3) Russia
4) Canada
1) Germany
2) Black sea
3) Brazil
4) New York
AP 10th Class Social Model Paper Set 4 with Solutions 6

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