Telangana SCERT TS 6th Class English Study Material Pdf Unit 2A Telangana, The Pride of the People Textbook Questions and Answers.
TS 6th Class English Guide Unit 2A Telangana, The Pride of the People
Look at the following pictures and discuss the questions that follow :
What do you know about the monuments and the dance shown in these pictures?
The first picture is the most popular landmark in Hyderabad, the Charminar, a magnificent and striking historical monument with four graceful minarets. It was built more than 400 years ago. Its central structure soars to a height of 180 feet. Most of the fabled bazaars of Hyderabad are located around the Charminar.
It was built by Sultan Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah, as a symbol of good fortune, to ward off adversity from the beautiful pearl city and it stands resplendent today as true testimony to the by-gone glory.
The second picture depicts Lambadi or Banjara dance of our state, it is a folk dance. It is a dance in which the tribal women dance in harmony to the tunes of drums played by tribal males. It is done to offer respect to their God, worship for an excellent yield. This dance is usually restricted to women and the participation of males is only on the odd occasion. They dress in colourful costumes and jewellery. The dance is motivated by the actions connected with everyday tasks like harvesting, planting and sowing.
The third picture shows the Eastern Torana of Swayambhu temple of Warangal fort of 12th century This celebrated gate stands 10 m (33 feet) high. Its decorations consist of nature motifs including lotus buds and birds.
What cultural importance do these monuments and dance have for us today?
These monuments and dance contribute to our culture and heritage. We need to preserve them.
Talk on – Select any one of the above pictures and talk about it.
The Charminar is a monument and mosque in Hyderabad of Telangana state. The structure was built in 1591 A.D. It is the most famous building of Hyderabad and also one of the most famous buildings in India. It was built by Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah to celebrate the end of a deadly plague. The Charminar lies near the bank of the river Musi. It is close to Lad Bazaar and Mecca masjid. Charminar is taken from two words ‘char’ and ‘minar’ which translate as four towers in English.
The Charminar was the first structure to be constructed in the newly built city of Hyderabad. It is said that Quli Qutub Shah prayed for the end of the plague and vowed to build a mosque if it was eradicated. Mir Momin Astarabadi, the Prime Minister of Qutub Shah played an important role in the design arid layout of the Charminar and the city of Hyderabad. The structure is of Indo-Islamic architecture with some Persian elements. The city of Hyderabad was divided into four divisions equally around the Charminar.
I. Answer the following questions :
Why do you think Hari was so emotional?
Hari was so emotional because the union government had declared Telangana as the 29th state of the country which was the long lasting dream of people of Telangana.
What was the long lasting dream of the people? How did it become true?
The long lasting dream of the people was to achieve the separate Telangana state. It became true by many people who sacrificed their lives for the separate Telangana state.
How is our culture manifested?
Our culture is manifested through our festivals, jataras, historical monuments, languages and clothes we wear.
What is your favourite festival? Why do you like it?
My favourite festival is Bathukamma. I like it because it is the festival of flowers. This festival has historical and religious significance. Women carry Bathukamma, beautifully stacked with Tangedu, Gunugu and Chamanthi flowers to the meeting points. Making circles around Bathukamma, womenfolk sing songs related to our culture. This festival shows the greatness of Telangana culture. So, I like this festival.
What should we do to preserve our culture?
We should celebrate our festivals with warmth and fervor; respect and patronise art and dance forms ; read the literature contributed by our great poets ; remember the dedicated services of our great personalities and the sacrifices of the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for separate Telangana state. Likewise, we should revive our language and revive our culture to preserve it.
What should the government do to preserve our culture and heritage?
The government should give equal importance to all festivals which are a part of our culture. It has to look after the monuments not to be damaged. It has to give a helping hand to small scale industries like textiles and Nirmal toys so that they can revive their art which are also a part of our culture and heritage.
II. Say whether the following statements are True or False. Correct the false statements.
Bonalu is celebrated as part of Dussehra. ( )
Correct statement – Bathukamma is celebrated as part of Dussehra.
The ghatams are immersed in the local-tanks and ponds. ( )
Correct statement – The Bathukamma are immersed in the local tanks and ponds.
Siricilla weavers produce excellent sarees with attractive patterns. ( )
Correct statement – Siricilla weavers produce sarees that fit in a matchbox.
Peerla Panduga is the symbol of religious tolerance. ( )
We can see a large number of antiques in the SalarJung Museum ( )
Read the following sentences focusing on the underlined words.
- We saw the jubilant procession.
- Oggu Katha is a very popular folklore.
- The sarees of Pochampally, Gadwal and Narayanpet are very popular for their attractive patterns.
The underlined words help us to express our opinion. They are opinion adjectives.
Complete the following passage using the adjectives given in the box.
small, attractive, flightless, different
Squirrels are ________ animals and so everyone likes them. They are found in ________ colours. They are ________ but can move very fast. They eat nuts, fruits and sometimes insects. They are ________ because they can only jump short distances. Most of the squirrels live in tree holes. They even store their food there.
Squirrels are attractive animals and so everyone likes them. They are found in different colours. They are small but can move very fast. They eat nuts, fruits and sometimes insects. They are flightless because they can only jump short distances. Most of the squirrels live in tree holes. They even store their food there.
Read the following from the narrative:
- “Now, there is more scope for development. Moreover, we can revive our culture.”
- We celebrate the main festivals as well as the regional festivals.
- Besides, we have jataras.
- And the Salar Jung Museum is one of the three national museums.
- Not only that, our great poets contributed to our rich culture.
The highlighted expressions help us in linking our ideas.
Rewrite the following using the linkers given in brackets.
Swati is a well-known singer. She sings Telugu songs. She sings Hindi songs (and). Moreover, she is a student of computer science. She works on computer, She designs programmes (not only – but also). She likes music very much. She likes books (besides).
Swati is a well-known singer. She sings Telugu songs and Hindi songs. Moreover, She is a student of computer science. She works not only on computer but also designs programmes. Besides books, she likes music very much.
Read the following passage. There is an error in each sentence. Identify and edit it.
Laxmi was reading a story-book sitting of a train. It were very interesting. The story was about an wise man. Just then, an old man came there. He was not able to carry his luggages. He asking Laxmi’s father, “Can you please help me?” He helped the old man.
Laxmi was reading a story-book sitting in a train. It was very interesting. The story was about a wise man. Then, an old man came there. He was not able to carry his luggage. He asked Laxmi’s father, “Can you please help me?” Laxmi’s father helped the old man.
Your school planned a picnic to a place of cultural importance in your district Write a conversation between you and your friend about it. You may use the following.
- Place selected for the visit
- Its importance
- Need to visit
Gautam : Hello Abhilash ! How are you? Do you know that our Headmaster has planned a picnic to Warangal?
Abhilash : I don’t know. When are they planning to go?
Gautam : They are planning to go on Monday.
Abhilash : Are you going ?
Gautam : Yes, I want to go.
Abhilash : Is it necessary to go to Warangal?
Gautarn : Yes, we must go. It is a city of historical prominence. It is famous for our culture and heritage.
Abhilash : What are the places going to be visited?
Gautam : You know ! It is only one day programme. We are going to see Warangal fort and thousand pillars temple. There are many places to visit around the city. But we haven’t enough time to visit all of them.
Abhilash : How do we go?
Gautam : Our Headmaster wishes to arrange a bus. We will go in that bus along with our teachers. Don’t miss this trip. Please try to come.
Abhiiash : Yes, surely [il come.
Gautam : All right, this is finalised now.
Abhilash : Yes, let us proceed with this programme.
Study the following results.
Answer the following questions :
Name the topper.
Swetha is the topper.
Which two students scored equal percentage of marks ?
Mamatha and Sruthi Geetha scored equal percentage.
Who got the lowest percentage of marks ?
Manjula and Bhanu Prasad got the lowest percentage.
How many have scored above eighty percentage of marks ?
Four persons have scored eighty percent and above.
Comment on the overall performance of the students.
All the students got above 60 percent.
Who performed better, boys or girls ? Support your answer.
Boys performed better. The average mark of boys was more than that of girls.
Listening and Speaking:
Hi, I’m Sambaiah. I’m from Palampet, it is about 80 kilometers away from Warangal city. Have you ever heard about the Ramappa Temple? It’s located in our village! This temple was built in 1213 A.D. by Racherla Rudra during the period of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapatideva. It was completed in 40 years. You know, it’s the only temple that was named after the architect Ramappa, who built it!
This temple is famous for beautiful carvings and attractive statues. The pillars of the temple produce music when we hit them gently. Unlike the other temples, the Nandi in this temple is in alert position, waiting for the order of Lord Shiva!
One more interesting thing is that the bricks of the temple float on water! Maha Shivaratri is celebrated for three days here. People come from different parts and offer special prayers. They take the bricks of the temple with them as the token of our temple.
Feeling interested? Come to our village on a holiday trip!
I. Sambaiah is a boy from Warangal. Listen to him and put the Tick (✓) mark to the statements that are true.
Ramappa temple is located in Warangal city. ( )
The Ramappa temple is famous for statues and carvings. ( )
The bricks of the temple are very heavy. ( )
The Nandi in the temple is different. ( )
The people who visit the temple take the statues with them. ( )
II. Group Work :
Have you ever been to any famous place in Telangana? Talk about it in your group.
Hi, I’m Gautam. Recently I had a chance to visit Salar Jung Museum of Hyderabad which was established in 1951.
I was amazed to see the rich collection of artefacts and other products of archaeological and historical significance. There is a collection of arts and antiques of European, Middle Eastern as well as far Eastern regions. It has a large collection of rare Arabic and Persian manuscripts and a well equipped library. There are separate galleries for ivory carvings, modern Indian paintings and marble sculptures, toys and dolls, etc.
Looking at its vast collection of historical items, it was declared an institution of national importance in May 1961. All the unique items in this museum reflect grandeur and royalty making everyone wonder about them. In my opinion everyone should visit this museum at least once in a life time if a person ever gets a chance to visit it. The museum is worth-visiting.
Telangana, The Pride of the People Summary in English
Our Telangana state is formed by the sacrifices of many people. Now, we have our own state wTifh our own culture. Now’ we got a chance to revive our culture and language which were humiliated on many occasions previously. The main festivals of our state are Bonalu, Bathukamma and Peerla Panduga. The Samakka and Saralarnma jatara of Medaram, Warangal is one of the most popular jataras of our state.
Our sarees like Pochampally, Gadwal and Narayanapet are very popular. The wooden toys of Nirmal are famous. We have several places of attraction like Hyderabad, Nagarjuna Sagar, Yadadri, Vemulavada, Alampur, Sri Rangapuram and Bhadrachalam. Our great poets contributed to our rich culture. Bammera Pothana’s Bhagavatham is known for its literary fragrance. Kancherla Gopanna, known as Bhakta Ramadasu, made our literature great with his keerthanas. Mallinganti Suri, Kaloji Narayan Rao, Dasharathi ! Rangacharyulu and Dasharathi Krishnamacharyuiu are the jewels of Telangana.
Oggu Katha is a very popular folklore singing praising and narrating the stories of Mallanna, Beerappa and Yellamma. The narrator and the chorus-two narrators dramatize and transform themselves into the characters. Perini Shiva Tandavam is the dance form originated in Telangana. It has historical prominence.
It is high time for us to preserve our culture and heritage.
casket (n) : a small decorated box for keeping jewellary and valuables
emotion (n) : excitement
red letter day : a very important day
dialect (n) : a form of language
fervor (n) : a strong feeling of enthusiasm
fete (n) : public celebration
culminate (v) : reach the end of something
significance(n) : importance
religious tolerance : accepting the feelings of all religions
immerse (v) : to put into water
weaver (v) : one who makes cloth
antiques (n) : things that are old and valuable
revive (v) : to make active again
preserve (v) : to keep in good condition
dedicate (v) : to devote
pattern (n) : an arrangement of a design
portrait (n) : a painting
invocation (n) : prayer
prominence (n): importance
sacrifice (v) : to give up something for some higher advantage or dearer object
inclusive (ad) : including
imprison (v) : to put somebody up in prison
heritage (n) : something such as way of life, traditional culture that passes from one generation to another in a social group.