AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

AP State Syllabus SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions 14th Lesson The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

10th Class Social 14th Lesson The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 1 Mark Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What does the term “Great Depression” signify?
Answer:

  1. There was a worldwide economic decline triggered by a decline in demand and fall in prices. It was called “Great Depression”.
  2. The Great Depression began around the end of 1929 and lasted almost till 1939.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 2.
Read the following map and answer the question.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 1Name any one country that shared land boundary with India and not under the control of Japan.
Answer:
Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan.

Question 3.
What was your opinion on Hitler’s treatment of the Jews in Germany?
Answer:
The treatment of Hitler towards Jews is very cruel and unjust.

Question 4.
Mention the important aspects of “New Deal”.
Answer:

  1. Relief to the victims of depression.
  2. Reform of financial institutions.
  3. Steps to ensure economic recovery.

Question 5.
Write any two consequences of economic depression.
Answer:

  1. Decline in demand and fall in prices.
  2. Massive unemployment.
  3. Decline of real incomes of ordinary people.

Question 6.
Write any two economic reforms of Hitler.
Answer:
Hitler’s Economic Policies:

  1. Hitler banned all strikes.
  2. He reduced tax burden on people.
  3. He established war industries.
  4. He created employment opportunities.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 7.
Write about collective farming.
Answer:

  1. In U.S.S.R all small and large farmers were forced to join collective farms.
  2. These farms were united and mechanised farming was introduced and the produce was divided among the members.

Question 8.
How did Hitler get all powers to sideline Parliament?
Answer:
Hitler got all powers to sideline parliament by passing the Enabling Act.

Question 9.
What was the intention of the Communist Party of India for helping Britain during the Second World War?
Answer:
The Communist Party of India helped Britain during the Second World War as the Nazis attacked on the soviet union. Intentionally the communists helped Britain.

Question 10.
What was the ‘New Deal Policy’ of Franklin D. Roosevelt?
Answer:
Relief to the victims of depression.
Reform of financial institutions and steps to ensure Economic Recovery by undertaking large public works.

Question 11.
Who was the leader of Bolsheviks in Russia?
Answer:
Lenin was the leader of Bolsheviks in Russia.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 12.
What was the major incidence occurred in 1924 in Russia?
Answer:
Union of Soviet Socialistic Republic was established.

Question 13.
Who became the leader of Russia after Lenin in 1924?
Answer:
Stalin.

Question 14.
Enlist Indians that were inspired by communism.
Answer:
M.N. Roy, Tagore and Nehru.

Question 15.
Name the book written on the violation against the opposition in Russia and who wrote it.
Answer:
George Orwell wrote his famous satire “Animal farm” to highlight how the ideals of Russian Revolution were compromised in USSR.

Question 16.
What were the famous “3 Rs” of New Deal Policy?
Answer:
The famous “three Rs” of New Deal are …

  1. Relief to the victims of depression.
  2. Reform of financial institutions.
  3. Recovery of the economy.

Question 17.
What happened to Germany after World War – II?
Answer:
Eventually, Germany was divided into

  1. German Democratic Republic of Germany (GDR).
  2. Federal Republic of Germany (FRG).

Question 18.
Where were the Nazi generals put to trial?
Answer:
The leaders and Nazi generals were captured and put to trial in the famous “Nuremberg trials.”

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 19.
Name the organization formed after World War – II to establish peace.
Answer:
United Nations Organization.

Question 20.
Enlist the countries that got independence by 1950.
Answer:
India,. China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Nigeria, etc.

Question 21.
What were the super powers emerged after 1945?
Answer:
The USA and the USSR.

Question 22.
What was “Socialistic camp”?
Answer:
Eastern Europe and China together came to be known as “the Socialistic camp.”

Question 23.
Why did the common people not want the war?
Answer:
Fatigued by military reserves and upset at economic shortages, the common people did not want the war.

Question 24.
Who led Bolsheviks?
Answer:
Vladimir Lenin led the Bolsheviks.

Question 25.
Why could full peace not return to Russia after October Revolution?
Answer:
Full peace could not return to Russia, as the liberals decided to continue the war to preserve the honour of their land.

Question 26.
Expand the USSR.
Answer:
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

Question 27.
When did the Great Depression begin?
Answer:
The Great Depression began around the end of 1929 and lasted almost till 1939 when the Second World War began.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 28.
Who was the President during the Depression?
Answer:
Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

Question 29.
What was the ‘New Deal’?
Answer:
It was a programme created by the US to help the Americans and the economy.

Question 30.
What were ‘Three Rs’?
Answer:
The Three Rs are:

  1. Belief to the victims of Depression.
  2. Reform of financial institutions and
  3. Steps to ensure economic Recovery.

Question 31.
What else was introduced in the US?
Answer:
The Social Security system was introduced.

Question 32.
What is meant by Social Security system?
Answer:
It is a permanent system of universal retirement pensions, unemployment insurance, and welfare benefits for handicapped and needy children in families without father present.

Question 33.
Why did Germany face severe crises of the war?
Answer:
German economy faced severe crises after the war as it was saddled with the burden of paying war damages, etc.

Question 34.
Which act of the German government resulted in unheard of inflation?
Answer:
The German government began to print currency notes on a large scale and this resulted in unheard of inflation.

Question 35.
How did Hitler mobilise his supporters?
Answer:

  1. Hitler mobilized his supporters on the promise of establishing the racial supremacy of Aryan Germans over the world and by targeting minority communities like Jews as the main cause of all problems.
  2. He also guaranteed employment to people.

Question 36.
How did Hitler attack communism and capitalism?
Answer:
Hitler attacked communism and capitalism terming both of them as Jewish conspiracies and promised to build a strong state which would counter both.

Question 37.
How did he appeal to the middle class?
Answer:
Hitler appealed especially to the middle class which felt threatened by capitalism and the Great Depression and at the the same time was opposed to working-class movement led by the Communists and Socialists.

Question 38.
Name the security forces in Germany.
Answer:
Regular police in a green uniform and the SA or the Storm Troopers, Gestapo (secret state police), the SS (the protection squads), criminal police and the Security Service (SD).

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 39.
What was Auschwitz?
Answer:
Auschwitz was a killing centre.

Question 40.
Why were Soviet forces welcomed all over Eastern Europe?
Answer:
Soviet forces were welcomed all over Eastern Europe as liberators from the hated Nazi rule and eventually captured Berlin, the capital of Germany.

Question 41.
What happened to Hitler and his close associates?
Answer:
Hitler and his close associates committed suicide to avoid being captured and tried.

Question 42.
Who sentenced the Nazis?
Answer:
The Nuremberg Tribunal sentenced only eleven leading Nazis to death.

Question 43.
What were the two super powers?
Answer:
The USA and the USSR.

Question 44.
What did Hitler promise?
Answer:

  1. Hitler promised employment for those looking for work and a secure future for the youth.
  2. He promised to weed out all foreign influences and resist all foreign ‘conspiracies’ against Germany.

Question 45.
Who laid way for planned economic development in Russia?
Answer:
Stalin in 1928.

Question 46.
What were the policies of Stalin?
Answer:
Stalin followed a twin policy of rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture.

Question 47.
Name Indian Leaders who were inspired by the Russian Revolution.
Answer:
M.N. Roy, Tagore and Nehru were inspired by the Russian Revolution.

Question 48.
What does the book “Animal Form” mention about?
Answer:
The book highlighted, how the ideals of the Russian Revolution were compromised in USSR.

Question 49.
What was the Enabling Act?
Answer:
The Act was passed in 1933. This act established a dictatorship in Germany.

Question 50.
Who was the famous economist of Hitler?
Answer:
Hjalmar Schacht.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 51.
Expand GDR and FDR.
Answer:
G.D.R – German Democratic Republic.
F.D.R – Federal Republic of Germany.

Question 52.
What happened to Germany after World War – II?
Answer:
Germany was divided into two portions.

  1. The Eastern Part – GDR.
  2. The Western Part – FDR.

Question 53.
Which countries came under “the socialist camp”?
Answer:
Russia along with the Eastern European countries and China came under the socialistic camp.

10th Class Social 14th Lesson The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 2 Marks Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Read the following paragraph and answer the question.

“In fact, the second World War helped USA grow out of its economic misery caused by the Great Depression. Far from the theatres of war, the industries and agriculture of USA prospered and achieved full employment and high productivity. In Harry Truman’s words, “We have emerged from this war as the most powerful nation in the world.”

How do you think the Second World War helped USA grow out of its economic misery from the Great Depression? Write your comment.
Answer:
The Great Depression began around the end of 1929 and lasted almost till 1939 when the World War-II began. There was a sudden fall in the American stock market.

This effected almost all the nations in the world. Roosevelt, the US President, announced ‘The New Deal which promised Relief to the victims of Depression. However, the real break came from the outbreak of war when state expenditure on armies and armaments suddenly increased giving a big boost to factory production and demand for farm produce. Thus the Second World War helped USA grow out of its economic misery from the Great Depression.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 2.
Observe the given timeline chart and answer the following questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 8
a) How do you think the victory on Auschwitz and liberation by the Soviet Union led to an easy success for the Allied nations?
Answer:
After the liberation of Auschwitz the Allied got victory in Europe. So I can say so.

b) What were the main incidents which occurred in 1941 in world’s history?
Answer:

  1. Germany invaded the USSR.
  2. Mass murder of the Jews begins.
  3. The United States joins the Second World War.

Question 3.
Observe the given map and answer the questions:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 1a) What is Dutch East India called now?
Answer:
Indonesia

b) Which Chinese region was under the control of Japan?
Answer:
Manchuria

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 4.
Write any two effects of great depression.
Answer:

  1. Increase in unemployment.
  2. Fall in prices.
  3. Closure of industries.
  4. Decrease in the purchasing capacity of the people.

Question 5.
Read the below paragraph.

“This earth is not allotted to anyone nor is it presented to anyone as a gift. It is awarded by providence to people who in their hearts have the courage to conquer it, the strength to preserve it, and the industry to put it to the plough. A vigorous nation will always find ways pf adapting its territory to its population size.”

Do you think world should belong to those who have power and strength alone – Comment.
Answer:

  1. No. I don’t think like that.
  2. The world belongs to all. All are equal by birth.

Question 6.
“Constitution is a living and changing document.” Would you agree with it? Justify it.
Answer:

  1. Yes, I agree with it.
  2. Our constitutional makers are aware that laws will have to be amended from time to time. So they provided an opportunity to amend laws.

Question 7.
Observe the Map and answer the questions given below:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 1

1. Name any two countries which were not under the control of Japan.
Answer:
India, Nepal and Tibet.

2. Dutch East Indies was the former name of which country?
Answer:
Indonesia.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 8.
What will be the consequences of the World War that may happen after the Second World War?
Answer:
The consequences of the World War that may happen after the Second World War are

  1. Huge loss of life on the earth
  2. Destruction of properties
  3. Increase of environmental damage
  4. The existence of life becomes difficult

Question 9.
What were the changes brought about by Russian revolution of 1917 in the Russian Society?
Answer:

  1. The immediate change was the elimination of the democratic provisional councils called Soviets in various larger cities.
  2. Under Bolshevik rule Russia got out of World War-II.
  3. A Socialist system was imposed on the country which all but the smallest businesses were taken over by the government.
  4. Land was redistributed to peasant farmers and food distribution was temporarily improved.
  5. Soon though, many people became disenchanted with the Bolsheviks and the Russian Civil war broke out in 1918 and lasted until 1920.

Question 10
Observe the map and answer the questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 1

1. Mention any two countries that were NOT under Japanese control.
Answer:
India, Tibet, Nepal, Mongolia, U.S.S.R. (any two)

2. Which part of the Ocean did Japan dominant in 1942?
Answer:
North Part of Pacific Ocean.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 11.
Read the following paragraph and write your opinion on it.

“With this began a great experiment of building a country without exploiters like feudal lords, Kings or capitalists. The USSR tried to build a society that was industrialized and modern and yet did not have inequality or exclusion of people on basis of birth, gender, language, etc.”

Answer:

  1. The Soviets under the leadership of Bolsheviks seized power from the provisional government in 1917.
  2. Peace could not be established as civil war lasted from 1918-20.
  3. Finally the USSR was established in 1924.
  4. This was an experiment as there was no place for feudal lords, kings or capitalists.
  5. The USSR tried to establish a society where there was no scope for inequality or exploitation on the basis of birth, gender, language, etc.
  6. Socialism was established and gave a big’ blow to the capitalistic world.

Question 12.
Observe the map and answer the following questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 1

1. Mention any two countries which are not under the control of Japan.
Answer:
India and China are not under the control of Japan.

2. Mention any two places which are under f ‘ the control of Japan and lying on its western side.
Answer:
Korea and Manchuria.

Question 13.
What do you know about Tsarist Russia?
Answer:
Tsarist Russia was vast landmass spread over two continents and making it a Euro Asian Power. It had the third-largest population in the world, viz. 156 million, after China and India. It comprised of several nations like the Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, .’Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkomania, etc.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 14.
What was the first Russian revolution of 1917?
Answer:
On March 8th 1917, around 10,000 women of the capital, St Petersburg, took out a procession demanding ‘Peace and Bread’. Workers joined them in this protest. Unnerved at the protest in the capital, Tsar Nicholas II ordered the army to suppress the demon¬strators, even by firing at them. Instead, the soldiers joined the demonstrators. In just two days, the situation went so much out of hand that the Tsar abdicated and non-aristocratic Russians made a Provisional government. This was the first Russian revolution of 1917 and it was called the March Revolution.

Question 15.
“The October Revolution was not spontaneous” – Why?
Answer:
A bigger revolution was made later in October 1917 and it was not spontaneous. The liberals and aristocrats, who ruled Russia after the abdication of the Tsar, decided to continue the War to preserve the honor of the fatherland. Fatigued by military reverses and upset at economic shortages, the common people did not want the War. They began organizing themselves in councils which were called Soviets. Such Soviets of soldiers, industrial workers, and also people in rural areas were the expression of com-mon people’s power which was channelized by a group of Russian Communist party called Bolsheviks.

Question 16.
Why were Bolsheviks able to win the confidence of the Soviets?
Answer:
Bolsheviks were able to win the confidence of the Soviets because they took up the demand for immediate and unconditional peace, nationalization of all land and its redistribution to the peasants and control over prices and nationalization of all factories and banks.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 17.
What effect did the war have, on the industry of Russia?
Answer:
Russian industries were very few numbers and the country was cut off from other suppliers of industrial goods by German control of the Baltic sea. Industrial equipment disintegrated more rapidly in Russia than elsewhere in Europe. By 1916 railway, lines began to breakdown. Able-bodied men were called up to the war. As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essential commodities were shut down.

Question 18.
Discuss briefly the Five-Year Plans.
Answer:

  1. A process of centralized planning was introduced by Stalin in 1928. Officials assessed how the economy could work and set targets for a five-year period, on this basis they made five-year plans.
  2. The government fixed all prices to pro-mote industrial growth during the first two plans. (1927-32, 1933 – 38)
  3. Centralised planning led to economic growth.

Question 19.
Appreciate the role of Lenin in the Revolu¬tion and his economic policy.
Answer:

  1. Vladimir Lenin played an important role in the Russian Revolution of 1917.
  2. He led the revolutionaries after the fall of the war.
  3. The Bolshevik party put forward clear policies to end the war.
  4. He transferred land to the peasants and advance the slogan ‘All power to the Soviets’.
  5. These were the real objectives of the Russian Revolution and he fulfilled them. So, Lenin’s name has become inseparable from the Russian Revolution.

Question 20.
Write any two conditions which led to the Russian civil war in 1918-1920.
Answer:

  1. The Russian army began to break up after the Bolsheviks ordered land redistribution. Soldiers who were mostly peasants wished to go home for the land and desert.
  2. Supporters of private property among ‘Whites’ took harsh steps with peasants who had seized land.

Question 21.
How can you say that the experience of the USSR inspired people all over the world including India?
Answer:
The experience of the USSR inspired people all over the world who were committed to the ideals of equality and national liberation. A large number of them now became communists and tried for a communist revolution in their countries. Many of them like MN Roy, Tagore and Nehru were inspired by it even though they did not agree with many aspects of communism like suppression of opposition political parties.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 22.
Describe what happened to Germany after its defeat in the First World War.
Answer:

  1. World War -1, ended with the Allies defeating Germany and the Central Powers in November 1918.
  2. The Peace Treaty of Versailles with the Allies was a harsh and humiliating treaty.
  3. Germany lost its overseas colonies, a tenth of its population, 13 percent of its territories, 75 percent of its iron and 26 percent of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania.
  4. The Allied Powers demilitarised Germany to weaken its power. Germany was forced to pay compensation amounting to 6 billion.

Question 23.
Explain the role of women in Nazi Germany.
Answer:

  1. According to Hitler’s ideology, women were radically different from men.
  2. The democratic idea of equal rights for men and women was wrong and would destroy society.
  3. While boys were taught to be aggressive, masculine and steel-hearted, girls were told that they bad to become good mothers and rear pure-blooded Aryan children.

Question 24.
Explain the rallies of Nazis.
Answer:
Hitler devised a new style of politics. He understood the significance of rituals and spectacle in mass mobilization. Nazis held massive rallies and public meetings to demonstrate the support for Hitler and instill a sense of unity among the people. The Red banners with the Swastika, the Nazi salute, and the ritualized rounds of applause after the speeches were all part of this spectacle of power.

Question 25.
Write about the Enabling Act.
Answer:
On 3 March 1933, the famous Enabling Act was passed. This Act established a dictatorship in Germany. It gave Hitler all powers to sideline Parliament and rule by decree. All political parties and trade unions were banned except for the Nazi Party and its affiliates. The state established complete control over the economy, media, army and judiciary.

Question 26.
Explain the condition of the people of Germany after the famous Enabling Act passed.
Answer:
People could now be detained in Gestapo torture chambers, rounded up and sent to concentration camps, deported at will or arrested without any legal procedures. The police forces acquired powers to rule with impunity.
These powers were used to arrest and torture millions of political activists, trade unionists and people of minority communities and build a state of unprecedented horror and fear.

Question 27.
What happened in the far east with the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
Answer:
In the far east with the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan surrendered to the USA. US armies occupied Japan but keeping in the sentiments of Japanese allowed the Japanese Emperor to continue. But it built a Constitutional Monarchy like in England. Japan was to be ruled by the elected government responsible to the Parliament (DIET).

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 28.
Name the Indian leaders inspired by the USSR Communist regime.
Answer:

  1. The experience of the USSR inspired people all over the world who were committed to the ideals of equality and national liberation.
  2. Many of them like Manavendra Nath Roy, Rabindranath Tagore, and Jawaharlal Nehru were inspired by it even though they did not agree with many aspects of communism like suppression of opposition political parties, etc.

Question 29.
How was the economic revival planned after World War II?
Answer:

  1. There were many economies that collapsed after World War II.
  2. The USA came up with the Marshall Plan to fund the economic revival of West European countries.
  3. The USSR came up with a package for the revival of East European countries.

10th Class Social 14th Lesson The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 4 Marks Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Write a short note on the measures taken by the USSR under the great depression.
Answer:

  1. USSR was not integrated with the international market.
  2. It had a planned economy.
  3. The state decided what and how much has to be produced.
  4. This enabled them to maintain a balance between demand and supply.

Question 2.
A) Locate and Label any four of the permanent members of United Nations Security Council on the World map given.
Point out the following countries on the World map given.
B) 1) Portugal 2) Nigeria S) Chile 4) Japan
Answer:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 2Question 3.
Explain the rise of Nazism in Germany.
Answer:

  1. German economy was the worst hit by the Great Depression.
  2. This economic crisis created deep anxieties and fears in people.
  3. Hitler and his Nazi party used this situation in an intelligent manner.
  4. Hitler, by his words and passion, moved the people.
  5. He promised them to construct a strong Germany in all aspects.
  6. He devised a new style of politics and attracted people.
  7. As a result of this, the Nazi Party has become the largest party by 1932.
  8. By passing the Enabling Act in 1933, Hitler became the dictator of Germany. Nazi government had become most powerful.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 4.
Answer the questions with the help of Time-line chart.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 8

1. What was the immediate cause for the Second World War?
Answer:
Invasion of Poland by Germany.

2. When did the United States enter into the World War – II?
Answer:
Dec. 8, 1941

3. The Weimar Republic belongs to which country ?
Answer:
Germany

4. Write any two important incidents occurred in 1941.
Answer:
Germany invades the USSR Mass murder of the Jews begins The United States joins Second World War

Question 5.
Observe the graph and answer the questions given below:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 3

1. Which was the first country that established the socialist government in the world?
Answer:
Russia (OR) USSR.

2. Why did the Civil war occur in Russia?
Answer:
Civil war was broke out between Bolshevik group and White army for establishment of Socialism and political monarchism, ecomonic capitalism. Bolsheviks were favour to Socialism and White group was favour to Economic capitalism.

3. What were the Russian emperors called?
Answer:
Tzars.

4. Name the international organization which was formed to promote socialist ideology.
Answer:
Formation of Comintern (Third international at Moscow in 1919).

Question 6.
Russian revolution brought in many changes in their society. What were they? And what challenges did they face?
Answer:
Changes in the Russian Society:

  1. The immediate change was the elimination of the democratic provisional councils called Sovi¬ets in various larger cities.
  2. Under Bolshevik rule Russia got out of World War – II.
  3. A Socialist system was imposed on the country which all but the smallest businesses were taken over by the government.
  4. Land was redistributed to peasant farmers and food distribution was temporarily improved.
  5. Soon though, many people became disenchanted with the Bolsheviks and the Russian Civil war broke out in 1918 and lasted until 1920.

Challenges they faced:

  1. Famines
  2. Resistances
  3. Low standards of living
  4. The Great Depression
  5. Unemployment
  6. Lack of educational facilities
  7. Cheap public health care, etc.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 7.
What were the agricultural reforms of Joseph Stalin in the USSR?
Answer:

  1. After the death of Lenin in 1924 Stalin emerged as the leader of the Communist Party.
  2. The USSR began a programme of planned economic development with its Five Year Plans in 1928.
  3. This pursued a twin policy of rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture.
  4. The USSR under the leadership of Joseph Stalin tried to end small peasant production by forcing all small and large farmers to surrender their lands and join “Collective Farms” and share the products.
  5. Farmers worked together and the produce was divided among the members of the farms.
  6. After an initial period of decline, agricultural production soon rose and helped the USSR to also build its industries on an unprecedented scale.
  7. All industries were owned by the state which did not allow a free-market system.
  8. An extended schooling system developed, and arrangements were made for factory workers and peasants to enter universities.

Question 8.
What are the impacts of the great economic depression in the USA?
Answer:
Impacts of the great economic depression in the USA:

  1. The Great Depression began around the end of 1929 and lasted almost till 1939 when the Second World War began.
  2. In this period decline in demand and fall in prices.
  3. The decline in demand led to closure of factory production which in turn meant further de-cline in the purchasing power of people.
  4. It initially began with a stock market collapse in the U.S.A., but before long affected almost every country.
  5. As many as 25% Americans were unemployed.
  6. This in turn caused a collapse of prices (up to 60%) for agricultural produce causing pauperisation of millions of farmers and stopping of cultivation.
  7. It had devastating social consequences sharply increasing poverty, desolation, homelessness, etc.
  8. F.D. Roosvelt who became the President of the US announced “the New Deal” policy to re-cover America from Great Depression.

Question 9.
What are the consequences of the World Wars?
Answer:
The World Wars had a long-lasting impact on the politics, society and economy of the world.
These can be enumerated as follows:

  1. Enormous human cost: The first consequence of the wars was widespread deaths and injuries. Many persons who were under forty years of age died.
  2. Democratic principles asserted : The two wars also brought home the dangers of having un-democratic governments and greatly strengthened the case for democratisation of power.
  3. New balance of power: With World War I the German, Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Turk-ish empires came to an end. When World War II came to an end, the map of the world changed yet again as ex-colonies rose to become independent nations.
  4. New international organisations After World War I, the League of Nations was formed to resolve disputes peacefully and the United Nations Organisation (UNO) was formed after World War II.
  5. Enfranchisement of women : After a long struggle for political right like right to vote – British women got these rights in 1918. With men away in the battle fields, more women had to work in factories, shops, offices, voluntary services, hospitals and schools. Beginning with the confidence of being bread-winners, women began raising their voice for equality in all walks of life.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 10.
Read the following paragraph and write your interpretation.
“USSR, started a great experiment of building a country without exploiters like feudal lords, kings or capitalists. The USSR tried to build a society that was industrialized and modern and yet didn’t have inequality or exclusion of people on the basis of birth, gender, language, etc.”
Answer:

  1. The given paragraph says that USSR has established a country with equality.
  2. There are no exploiters, no dominants and no sufferers.
  3. Though if followed industrialisation and modern technology and updated life, it didn’t have no inequality in any form.
  4. It is the real spirit of socialism.
  5. A country with equality and modern development is never expected in any country but it happened in USSR at that time.
  6. In any country, we can see some sort of discrimination.
  7. In some countries, discrimination is seen in the form of colour, i.e. the Blacks and the Whites.
  8. In our country, some castes are treated as high castes and some other castes as low.
  9. Boys are sent to higher education whereas the girls are not sent because of various reasons like safety and security.
  10. Many countries have mentioned in the preamble of their constitutions that they give impor¬tance to equality and there will be no discrimination in any form.
  11. In conclusion, I would say that every country should maintain equality.
  12. The downtrodden should be uplifted.
  13. A country with equal treatment is always an ideal one to all the nations.

Question 11.
Read the following paragraph and write your interpretation.
“The Nazi’s police powers were used to arrest and torture millions of political activists, trade unionists and people of minority communities, especially the Jews. They did all this to build a state of horror and fear”.
Answer:

  1. The given paragraph conveys about the cruel policy of the Nazi soldiers.
  2. Hitler arrested and tortured millions of German political leaders and activists, trade union leaders.
  3. Minorities were also targeted.
  4. This situation created a horrible state under the leadership of Hitler in Germany.
  5. When Hitler won the elections of 1932 he brought the Enabling Act and many special forces like Gestapo, protection squads, security services besides different troopers.
  6. These forces worked brutally and created horror and fear among the people.
  7. Hitler did not allow any political party or trade union to work out.
  8. He instructed all the people to follow the Nazis.
  9. There was no peace.
  10. He treated the Jewish people as his enemies.
  11. Everyone criticized Hitler mainly because of his cruel treatment with the Jewish people.
  12. The whole Germany was horrified of his activities.
  13. In conclusion, I feel that Hitler’s activities are unlawful and undemocratic.
  14. Nowadays all the countries are moving towards democratic governments.
  15. All the countries should concentrate on literacy rate and so various programmes are to be taken up and implement strictly.
  16. So that there will be no scope for such situation in any country.

Question 12.
What are the situations that led to strengthening Nazism in Germany?
Answer:
The situations that led to strengthening Nazim in Germany:

  1. The burden of paying war-damages.
  2. Inflation increased.
  3. The economy was worst hit by depression.
  4. Unemployment increased.
  5. Savings of the people diminished.
  6. Small businessmen were ruined.
  7. Big businessmen were in a crisis.
  8. Organized workers could manage to survive.
  9. Peasants were affected by fall in agricultural prices.
  10. Women were unable to feed their children.
  11. No stable rule.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 13.
Observe the following table and write a paragraph analysing it.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 9
Answer:
Annual National Defence Expenditure

  1. The table shows that the annual defence expenditure of great countries Britain and Germany has been increasing since 1933.
  2. In the year of 1939, the expenditure increases because of the armament race, protection from enemies why because already they tasted the World War -1.
  3. The government of these countries also helped to them to spend more money on defence. Ag-gressive nationalism also created proud of their country and desire of superiority in the world and also responsible to more expenditure on defence.
  4. Million dollars spend for defence only during the period of 1933 to 1939.
  5. At present some countries also spend more money on defence because of enemies. If every country realise and maintain friendly relations with other countries, and they spend million dollars for peace and development of poor people, automatically the world peace will de¬velop and every person live with without fear of war and tension in the world.

Question 14.
Observe the following Bar-graph and analyse it.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 4Answer:

  1. The given bar graph is about the Explosive Production of two developed industrialised countries of West, i.e. Britain and Germany during World War-1.
  2. Both countries belonged to two enemy groups or blocks.
  3. In 1914 the explosive production of Britain and Germany is 4 tonnes and 8 tonnes respectively.
  4. From that year onwards the production increased on a large scale in both the countries.
  5. The difference is that the explosive production is less for Britain when compared to Germany in 1914.
  6. But this situation reversed in 1917. The explosive production of Britain increased by over 45 times, i.e. from 4 tonnes to 184 tonnes during the years from 1914 to 1917 whereas the production of Germany increased by approximately 18 times, i.e. from 8 tonnes to 140 tonnes for the same period.

Question 15.
Explain briefly about the consequences of the World Wars.
Answer:
The World Wars had a long-lasting impact on the politics, society and economy of the world.
These can be enumerated as follows:

  1. Enormous human cost: The first consequence of the wars was widespread deaths and injuries. Many persons who were under forty years of age died.
  2. Democratic principles asserted: The two wars also brought home the dangers of having un-democratic governments and greatly strengthened the case for democratisation of power.
  3. New balance of power: With World War I the German, Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Turkish empires came to an end. When World War II came to an end, the map of the world changed yet again as ex-colonies rose to become independent nations.
  4. New international organisations: After World War I, the League of Nations was formed to resolve disputes peacefully and the United Nations Organisation (UNO) was formed after World War II.
  5. Enfranchisement of women: After a Jong struggle for political right like right to vote – British women got these rights in 1918. With men away in the battle fields, more women had to work in factories, shops, offices, voluntary services, hospitals and schools. Beginning with the confidence of being bread-winners, women began raising their voice for equality in all walks of life.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 16.
Observe the poster and answer the questions.
a) Which country issued this poster?
b) What was the purpose of this poster?
c) What does the Swastika in the poster stand for?
d) During which war was this poster was published?
Answer:
a) U.S.A issued this poster.
b) War bonds were offered by the U.S.A. Government for purchase by the public to fulfill the military operations and other expenditure in times of war.
c) The three young children, apprehensive and fearful, as they are enveloped by the large dark arm of swastika shadow.
(OR)
Simply, Germany is going to occupy the U.S.A also.
d) This war bonds poster was published during the time of second World War.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 5a

Question 17.
Describe the course of Russian Socialist Revolution.
Answer:

  1. Russian socialist revolution in 1917 took place in two phases – March 1917 and November 1917.
  2. 10,000 women took procession demanding ‘Peace and Bread’ and supported by many later.
  3. In just two days Tsar Nicolas II abdicated throne and provisional government was set up in search 1917.
  4. It wished to continue the war and economic shortage was not addressed.
  5. Soviets (the councils of peasants, workers and soldiers) were organised by Bolshevik leader Lenin.
  6. They seized political power from provisional government.
  7. They took steps to end the war and redistributed land.
  8. They made control over prices and nationalized industries, banks, etc.
  9. They suppressed the long-drawn civil wars.
  10. By 1924, the USSR – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 18.
Give an estimate of the world at the end of first half of the 20th century.
Answer:

  1. The first half of the 20th century ended with the nightmare of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and with the hopes generated by the founding of the UNO.
  2. The Second World War ended with the ending of large colonial empires of Britain, France, Japan, Italy and Germany.
  3. By 1950, countries like India, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Nigeria etc. became independent.
  4. Britain which was the most powerful country now became a secondary power.
  5. Two new superpowers emerged on the World scene : the USSR and the USA.
  6. The USSR, which bore the main burnt of Hitler’s war and faced enormous destruction, gradually rebuilt its economy.
  7. Its victory however, greatly enhanced its prestige in the world and it was now joined by the entire Eastern Europe and China to form a large ‘Socialist Camp’.

Question 19.
Observe the timeline chart and answer the following questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 3

1. When and how were the foundation for socialism laid?
Answer:
The foundations for socialism were laid between 1850¬1880 due to debates over socialism.

2. How many revolutions took place in Russia?
Answer:

  1. Revolution of 1905 .
  2. The February Revolution of 1917 and the October revolution of 1917.

3. Did the peace establish in Russia after 1917?
Answer:
No, civil war broke out between 1918-20.

4. What do you mean by collectivization?
Answer:
The land was collected and farmer worked together and shared the produce. This was collectivization.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 20.
Locate the following points in the world map.

  1. St. Petersberg
  2. Moscow
  3. Kyrgyzstan
  4. Ukraine
  5. Uzbekistan
  6. Tajikistan
  7. Kazakistan
  8. Turkomania

Answer:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 6

Question 21.
Observe the following map.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 1

Answer the following questions after reading the map.

1. Which neighbouring country of India was occupied by Japan?
Answer:
The neighbouring country of India that was occupied by Japan was Burma.

2. What is Dutch East India called now ?
Answer:
Dutch East India is now called ‘Indonesia’.

3. Most of the area under control of Japan is a part of which ocean?
Answer:
Most of the area under the control of Japan is a part of Pacific Ocean.

4. Which Chinese region was under the control of Japan ?
Answer:
Manchuria was the Chinese region that was under the control of Japan.

5. Was Mongolia under the control of Japan in 1942?
Answer:
No. It was not under the control of Japan in 1942.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

Question 22.
Locate the following in the given map of World.

1. Stalingrad

2. In 1939 Germany attacked on this country
Answer:
Poland

3. St. Petersberg

4. This country faced more destruction due to releasing atom bombs by America
Answer:
Japan

5. Capital of Poland
Answer:
Warsaw

6. Capital of Austria
Answer:
Vienna

7. Corsica Island

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II 7

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 14 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part II

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions