AP State Syllabus 9th Class Social Studies Important Questions 14th Lesson Democratic and Nationalist Revolutions 17th and 18th Centuries
9th Class Social 14th Lesson Democratic and Nationalist Revolutions 19th Century 1 Mark Important Questions and Answers
How do you appreciate the Cavours role in unification of Italy? (SA-II : 2017-18)
Cavour’s work in the Unification of Italy is appreciable.
He unify the regions of Italy through a tactful diplomatic alliance with France and he worked neither a revolutionary nor a democrat.
Who formed ‘Young Italy’? Why? (SA-I : 2019-20)
Young Italy was formed by Joseph Mazzini.
The main reason is to unified Italy and would touch off a European wide revolutionary movement.
9th Class Social 14th Lesson Democratic and Nationalist Revolutions 19th Century 2 Marks Important Questions and Answers
Read the map given above and answer the following questions. (SA-III : 2016-17)
1. Mention the names of any two islands that are shown in the map?
2. The states which are shown above, are parts of which country now?
1. Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily.
2. At present the states which are shown in map are related to the country Italy.
What were the political, social, and economic ideas supported by the liberals in France in the beginning of 19th century? (SA-I : 2018-19)
Political, social, and economic ideas supported by liberals.
→ Freedom for the individual.
→ Equality of all before the law.
→ Concept of government by consent.
→ End of autocracy and privileges of the church.
→ Constitution and representative government through parliament.
→ Inviolability of private property.
With reference to the Unification of Germany, answer the following questions. (SA-I : 2019-20)
i) Which country took leadership for Unification of Germany?
ii) With what 3 countries did Bismarck go to war to achieve German unification?
Denmark, Austria, and France.
9th Class Social 14th Lesson Democratic and Nationalist Revolutions 19th Century 4 Marks Important Questions and Answers
The French women fought for which rights ? in the context of India, were the women given all these rights? Write your analysis. (SA-I : 2018-19)
French women fought for Right to vote, Right ot contest to Legislature, and Right to capture political power.
Then in the context of India all Indian women who are eligible, get all the above rights. Even though in the issue of gaining above the rights some negligence is there in India.
- Representation of women in legislature is very less.
- Women Reservation bill is still not approved in Lok Sabha.
- Very less women are in political posts.
Describe the process of Italian Unification in 19th Century. (SA-II : 2018-19)
Unification of Italy :
I Stage :
In 1830s Guiseppe Mazzini had sought to put together a coherent programme for a Unitary Italian Republic.
He had also formed a secret society called Young Italy for the dissemination of his goals.
II Stage :
- Prime Minister Cavour who led the movement to unify the regions of Italy, was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat.
- Through a tactful diplomatic alliance with France, he defeated Austria.
III Stage :
- Under the leadership of Garibaldi, a large number of Red Shirts army joined the fray.
- In 1860 they marched into South Italy and the kingdom of the Two Sicilies and succeeded in winning the support of the local peasants in order to drive out the Spanish rulers.
IV Stage :
Finally, Victor Emmanel II occupied Rome, and Unification of Italy completed. In 1871 Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed king of unified Italy.
9th Class Social 14th Lesson Democratic and Nationalist Revolutions 19th Century Important Questions and Answers
Write about Jacobins constitution.
- Under the Jacobian constitution, all people were given the right to vote and the right to insurrection.
- The constitution stated that the Government must provide the people with work or livelihood.
- The happiness of all was proclaimed as the aim of government.
- The government abolished slavery.
- Hence the Jacobians was the first genuinely democratic constitution in history.
How did nationalism and the idea of the nation-state emerge?
- A nation state was one in which the majority of its citizens came to develop a sense of common identity and shared common history.
- This commonness did not exist from time immemorial, it was forged through struggles, through the actions of leaders and the common man.
- The French revolution gave the term “nation” its modern meaning.
- A nation is not the territory but the people who make it.
- The French revolution gave the meaning of sovereignty that the people constituting the nation are the source of all power and authority.
- Government is answerable to its people.
All these ideals led to the formation of the nation-states.
Discuss the importance of language and popular traditions in the creation of national identity.
- Language and popular traditions are important in the creation of national identity.
- National identity means people feeling that they belong to a nation irrespective of their caste, religion, colour, etc.
- The language makes people identify themselves as a one race or a nation.
- Also, the popular traditions such as Roman culture and tradition etc. easily attracted the people and strengthened the national integrity.
In what ways do you think could the French revolutionaries help the other people of Europe to become nations?
- I think the French revolutionaries could help the other people of Europe to become nations.
- The French revolutionaries fought for the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
- They proved that France was not just a territory but the French people.
- The revolutionaries further declared that it was the mission and the destiny of the French nation to liberate the peoples of Europe from despotism, in other words, to help other people of Europe to become nations.
Do you think the anti-Nizam movement was a nationalist movement like French revolution? Compare the similarities and differences between the two movements.
- Anti-Nizam movement was a nationalist movement like French Revolution.
- Both these were against the rulers at that time.
- The revolutionaries in French revolution became violent at times, whereas the activists in anti-Nizam movements suffered a lot in the hands of Nizam army.
Why do you think liberal democracy was reluctant to give right to vote to women and propertyless men?
- Liberals did not ensure universal right to vote for all the people.
- Right to vote and get elected was given only to property – owing men.
- Men without property and all the women were not given any political rights.
In what ways were the liberals different from the conservative monarchists and how were they different from the radical poor?
- Liberals believe that government should work by consent of people.
- Liberals believe people should have equal freedom and all are equal before law.
- Constitutional Monarchists believe in privilege of rich landlords and powers of monarch.
- They want to use modernization as a tool to increase control over the state.
- Radical poor wanted to bring change in the order with a reign of terror.
Why do you think were defeated by the conservatives?
- Liberals talked of political democracy only and no equality was propogated.
- They did not even supported universal franchise and equality before law.
- But conservatives used modernization to have greater control overstate.
- They wanted to abolish serfdom and federalism and installation of modern army, dynamic economy, etc.
Read the following passage and answer the questions given below.
|Linder the Jacobin constitution, all people were given the right to vote and the right of insurrection. The constitution stated that the government must provide the people with work or livelihood. The happiness of all was proclaimed as the aim of government. Though it was never really put into effect, it was the first genuinely democratic constitution in history. The government abolished slavery in the French colonies. Napoleon’s rise to power was a step backward. However, though he destroyed the Republic and established an empire, the idea of the republic couldn’t be destroyed. After the defeat of Napoleon, the old ruling dynasty of France was restored to power. However, within a few years, in 1830, there was another outbreak of revolution. In 1848, the monarchy was again overthrown though it soon reappeared. Finally, in 1871, the Republicwasagain proclaimed.|
1) What was the first genuinely framed constitution in the world?
Jacobin’s constitution was the first genuinely framed constitution in the world.
2) Why was the Jaccobians constituion called the first genuinely framed constitution?
1) The Jacobin’s constitution gave the right to vote to all citizens.
2) The constitution stated that the government must provide the people with work. Hence it was called the first genuinely framed constitution in the world.
3) Who was the dictator that ruled over France during early 19th century?
4) When were the revolutions occurred in France in the early 19th century?
In 1830 and 1848, the France experienced revolutions.
5) When was the Republic proclaimed in france?
The Republic was proclaimed in France in 1871 A.D.
Read the following passage and answer the questions given below.
|The Habsburg Empire that ruled over Austria-Hungary, for example, was a patchwork of many different regions and peoples. It included the Alpine regions -the Tyrol, Austria, and the Sudetenland – and Bohemia, where the aristocracy was predominantly German-speaking. It also included the Italian-speaking provinces of Lombardy and Venetia. In Hungary, half of the population spoke Magyar while the other half spoke a variety of dialects. In Galicia, the aristocracy spoke Polish. Besides these three dominant groups, there also lived within the boundaries of the empire, a mass of subject, peasant peoples -Bohemians and Slovaks to the north, Slovenes in Carniola, Croats to the south, and Roumans to the east in Transylvania. Such differences did not easily promote a sense of political unity. The only tie binding these diverse groups together was a common allegiance to the emperor.|
1) Name the Alpine regions is the Habsburg Empire.
The Tyrol, Austria and the Sudetenland, and Bohemia were the Alpine region.
2) In which language did the aristocracy speak in the Alphine region?
The Aristocracy in the Alphine spoke in German.
3) What were the Italian speaking provinces of the Habsburg Empire?
Lombardy and Venetia were Italian provinces.
4) A mass of subject peasant people lived in the empire. Name them.
Bohemians, Slovaks, Slovens, Croats, and Roumans were peasant people that lived in the empire.
Why do you think conservatism needs to curb freedom to express one’s opinion and criticise?
- Conservatism is the dominance of society by an aristocracy. It is incompatible with democracy, prosperity, and civilization in general.
- The conservatives did not tolerate criticism and dissent and sought to curb activities that questioned the legitimacy of autocratic governments.
- They imposed censorship laws to control the ideas of liberty and freedom associated with the French Revolution.
Read the following information and answer the questions given below.
|Some important years|
|1797||Napoleon invades Italy; Napoleonic wars begin.|
|1814-1815||Fall of Napoleon; the Vienna Peace Settlement.|
|1821||Greek struggle for independence begins.|
|1848||Revolutions in Europe; artisans, industrial workers, and peasants revolt against economic hardships; middle classes demand constitution and representative governments; Italians, Germans, Magyars, Poles, Czechs, etc., demand nation-states.|
|1859-1870||Unification of Italy.|
|1866-1871||Unification of Germany.|
|1905||Slav nationalism gathers force in the Habsburg and Ottoman Empires.|
a) What are the demand of middle classes? (SA-III : 2016-17)
The demands of middle classes were
- Constitution and
- Representative government.
b) With the invasion on which country, did Napoleanic wars begin? (SA-III : 2016-17)
Nepoleonic wars begin with invasion of Italy.
c) In which year was the Vienna peace conference held? (SA-I : 2018-19)
Vienna Peace Conference was held in 1815 A.D.
d) Who was ruling France during the 1848 revolution? (SA-I : 2018-19)
e) Who completed the unification of Italy? (SA-I : 2018-19)
Victor Immanuel-ll, completed the Unification of Italy.
f) The Greek struggle for independence started in which year? (SA-I : 2018-19)
g) When did Napoleon invade Italy?
Napoleon invaded Italy in 1797 AD.
h) When was the Vienna Peace Settlement signed?
The Vienna Peace Settlement was signed in 1815 A.D.
i) What were the two nations that united in the mid 19th centuries?
Italy and Germany were the two nations that united in the mid 19th century.
j) Who revolted against economic hardship?
Industrial workers and peasants revolted against economic hardship.
k) What were the demands of the middle class in 1848 revolt?
The middle class demanded constitutions and representative governments.
Do you think our country has a liberal democratic political system? Give your reasons.
- In India supreme power rests with the people.
- India is a republic country.
- Everyone is equal before law.
- Every citizen of 18 years and above has the right to vote.
- Any citizen is eligible to contest for any political office.
Hence we can say India has liberal democratic political system.
Point out the following on the Europe map.
Locate the following on the Europe map.
What is the caricature? What does it represent?
- A funny drawing of someone that makes them look silly or sometimes criticizes someone.
- It usually tells us about an incident or a person of that age.
- It symbolizes the wrong practices or criticizes that person on that grounds or informs us about the other side of that person.