# AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 3rd Lesson Learning Through Maps

SCERT AP 7th Class Social Study Material Pdf 3rd Lesson Learning Through Maps Textbook Questions and Answers.

## AP State Syllabus 7th Class Social 3rd Lesson Questions and Answers Learning Through Maps

### 7th Class Social 3rd Lesson Learning Through Maps Textbook Questions and Answers

Observe the given map and respond.

Question 1.
What do you notice in the map?
I noticed on the above map Route is drawn between Vijayawada to New Delhi.

And I noticed Different means of transport from Vijayawada to Delhi and the timings also mentioned. .

Through air way, time taken from Delhi to Vijayawada is 2 hrs. 20 min.

Through road way, time taken by car-30 hrs. and through railway, 1 day 2 hrs. time taken.

Question 2.
What does the blue mark (dotted line) in the map indicate?
The dotted line in the map indicates the train route.

Question 3.
Name the neighbouring countries of India.
Neighbouring countries of India are

2. North – China, Nepal, Bhutan
3. North – West – Pakistan, Afghanistan
4. South -Srilanka
5. South – West – Maldives

Question 4.
Can you name any two states in the given route?
Two states

Question 5.
What are the different means of transportation shown in the map?
Roadway, Railway & Airways are shown on the map.

Question 1.
How do you identify the direction in the map?

N – North, E – East, S – South, W – West, N.E – North East, S.E – South East, N.W – North West, S.W – South West.

Generally, maps are prepared showing the North direction on the top of the map. The direction can be noticed with the help of an arrow on the right top gcorner.

Question 2.
Scale in map helps to study a place. Discuss.
Scale : It resembles the ratio of corresponding distance in map to actual distance.

Map scale helps us to study a place with the help of verbal scale – 1 cm = 10 kms, Graphical Scale and Represention function Ex : 1′ = 10,000′

Question 3.
What are the items you need to study a physical map?
We need scale, directions, symbols, and colours are need to study a physical map.

Question 4.
Describe the location of India.
Location of India :

1. India is located in the northern hemisphere.
2. The main land of India extends between latitudes 8°4’to 37° 6′ N and logitudes between 68° 7’to 97° 25° E.
3. The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N) passes almost through the middle of the country.
4. Apart from the mainland, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep are also parts of India.

Question 5.
Prepare the list of countries in Asian Continent with the help of Atlas.
50 countries are there in Asia.

 1) India 2) China 3) Indonesia 4) Japan 5) Srilanka 6) Pakistan 7) Bangladesh 8) Iran 9) Phillippines 10) Vietnam 11) Turkey 12) Thailand , 13) Taiwan 14) Mynmar 15) South Korea 16) Iraq 17) Afghanistan 18) Saudi Arabia 19) Uzbekistan 20) Malaysia 21) Yemen 22) Nepal 23) Bhutan 24) Brunei 25) Maldives 26) Cyprus 27) Timorleste 28) Bahrian 29) Qatar 30) Armenia 31) Mangolia 32) Georgia 33) Kuwait 34) State of Palestine 35) Oman 36) Singapore 37) Turkmenistan 38) Kyrgyzstan 39) Lebanon 40) Laos 41) Israel 42) Tajikistan 43) UAE 44) Azerbaijan 45) Jordan 46) Combodia 47) Syria 48) Kazakistan 49) North Korea 50) Russia.

Question 6.
What are the boundaries of India?
Boundaries of India are :

1. North – Himalayan Ocean
2. South – Indian Ocean
3. East – Bay of Bengal
4. West – Arabian Sea

Question 7.
Prepare the rough grid of India.

Question 8.
Locate the following in outline map of India.
a) Chennai
b) Delhi
d) Visakhapatnam

1. Find the correct sentence.
a) River Ganga originates in the Himalayas.
b) River Cauvery flows in West Bengal.
c) River Krishna drains into Arabian sea.
d) River Penna flows in Maharashtra.
a) River Ganga originates in the Himalayas.

2. India lies in Eastern hemisphere between the longitudes of:
a) 14°27′ to 19°07′
b) 77° to 84°40′
c) 68°07′ to 97°25′
d) 8°4′ to 37°06′
c) 68°07′ to 97°25′

3. Identify the odd one regarding the location of rivers.
a) Krishna
b) Penna
c) Brahmaputra
d) Cauvery
c) Brahmaputra

4. a) Kerala is on west coast.
b) Arunachal Pradesh has border with Pakistan.
Note : Answer with the help of above information
a) ‘a’ is true; ‘b’ is false.
b) ‘a’ is false; ‘b’ is true
c) Both’a’and’b’are false.
d) Both of them are true.
a) ‘a’ is true; ‘b’ is false.

5. Identify mismatched pair.
b) Bhopal – Gujarat
c) Jaipur – Rajasthan
d) Thiruvananthapuram – Kerala
b) Bhopal – Gujarat

### 7th Class Social 3rd Lesson Learning Through Maps InText Questions and Answers

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 35

Question 1.
Identify the elements of the map and write their names in map.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 36

Question 2.
Name the cardinal and intermediate directions in the adjacent image.

1) Cardinal directions : 1) North, East, West, South
2) Intermediate directions : 1 – North East, North West, South East, South West.

Question 3.
If you want to travel from Bengaluru to Itanagar, from which direction you have to travel?
We should start from South-West direction Bengaluru and travel to North-East direction to reach itanagar.

Question 4.
Fill up the given table based on the scale given in the map – 3.2 (India States and Capitals).

 Places : From – To Distance in the above map Actual Distance Chennai to Hyderabad 3 cm Mumbai to Bhuvaneswar 5 cm Panaji to Thiruvananthapuram 2.5 cm Gandhinagar to Jaipur 3 cm Kolkata to Ranchi 3000 km New Delhi to Kohima 2200 km

 Places : From – To Distance in the above map Actual Distance Chennai to Hyderabad 3 cm 600 kms Mumbai to Bhuvaneswar 5 cm 1000 kms Panaji to Thiruvananthapuram 2.5 cm 500 kms Gandhinagar to Jaipur 2 cm 400 kms Kolkata to Ranchi 15 cm 3000 kms New Delhi to Kohima 11 cm 2200 kms

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 38

Question 5.
Prepare a Map of Andhra Pradesh by using the elements discussed in the Index of the map.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 40

Question 6.
Fill up the following table with the help of the India Political map that shares land frontier.

 S.No. Neighbouring Country States that share borders with 1. Pakistan Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Srinagar, Ladakh 2. Nepal Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim 3. Bhutan Sikkim, West Bengal, Assom, Arunachal Pradesh 4. Bangladesh West Bengal, Assom, Meghalaya, Tripura 5. Myanmar Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh 6. China Ladakh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh

Question 7.
Prepare the list of States and Union Territories; write their capitals.

 State Capital 1. Andhra Pradesh Amaravati 2. Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 3. Assom Dispur 4. Himachal Pradesh Shimla 5. Haryana Chandigarh 6. Punjab Chandigarh 7. Uttarakhand Dehradun 8. Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 9. Bihar Patna 10. Sikkim Gangtok 11. Nagaland Kohima 12. Manipur Imphal 13. Mizoram Aizwal 14. Meghalaya Shillong 15. Tripura Agartala 16. West Bengal Kolkata 17. Jarkhand Ranchi 18. Chhattisgarh Rayapur 19. Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 20. Gujarath Gandhi Nagar 21. Rajasthan Jaipur 22. Maharashta Mumbai 23. Goa Panaji 24. Karnataka Bengaluru 25. Kerala Tiruvanantapuram 26. Tamil Nadu Chennai 27. Orissa Bhuvaneswar 28. Telangana Hyderabad

Complete list of 8 Union Territories :

 Union Territories Capital 1. Andaman and Nicobar Island Portblair 2. Chandigarh Chandigarh 3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu Daman 4. Delhi Delhi 5. Ladakh Leh 6. Lakshadweep Kavaratti 7. Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar and Jammu 8. Puducherry Pondicherry

Question 8.
Take an outline map of India, draw the boundaries of states and loc te their capitals.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 42

Question 9.
Prepare the list of Continents and a few important countries in each continent based on map – 3.5.

 Continent Important Countries 1. North America Alaska, Canada, U.S.A, Mexico etc. 2. South America Columbia, Equator, Peru, Venezula, Brazil, Chile, Argentina etc. 3. Africa Egypt, Libya, Algeria, South Africa, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Congo, Angola, Ghana etc 4. Europe England, France, Portugal, Poland, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Russia, etc. 5. Asia India, China, Vietnam, Japan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Korea, Malaysia etc. 6. Australia Indonesia 7. Antarctica No Countries.

Question 10.
Name the continents through which the Equator runs.
1 – South America
2 – Africa
3 – Asia

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 43

Question 11.
Prepare a raised relief map with the guidance of your teacher.

Question 12.
Fill up the following mind map with the help of the India- physical map (map-3.6) See Text Page: 42.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 45

Question 13.
Based on map 3.7 prepare a table with the distribution of soils. (Consider the type of soil and respective districts).

 Soil Name Districts / Distributed Area 1. Sandy coastal soil Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam East Godavari and Nellore district 2. Red soil Vijayanagaram, Visakhapatnam, Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore, Chittoor, Kurnool 3. Rocky Hilly Soils East Godavari, West Godavari 4. Black soils East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Kurnool, Anantapur

Question 14.
Take an Andhra Pradesh map and prepare a Thematic map (Andhra Pradesh-Population Density Map) with the help of the given data.

Note – Write the figures in the concerned districts of Andhra Pradesh.

Question 15.
Prepare a table with edicts of Ashoka and their location in the present states based on map 3.9. See Text Page – 45

Think & Respond

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 36

Question 1.
What is the use of scale in a map?
Use of Scale :
Scale : The relationship between the real world size of a geographic features and its representative feature on a map, is known as scale.

1. The map scale is used to measure the distance of actual.ground represented by the map.
2. Scale help in calculating the area on the map.
3. The scale Is used in map enlargement and reduction.

7th Class Social Textbook Page-Mo. 37

Question 2.
Why do we use symbols in a map?
It is not possible to draw a map in the actual shape and size with different features such as buildings, roads, rivers, bridges, trees, railway lines, etc.

So they are shown by using certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and linds. These symbols give a lot of information and help in reading maps. These symbols are called conventional symbols.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 39

Question 3.
Name the types of maps.
Maps are classified into 4 types.

1. Political maps
2. Physical maps
3. Thematic maps and
4. Historical maps

Question 4.
What do they (maps) denote?
The maps explains the administrative units, physical features, population density, soils, minerals, inscriptions and architecture of India.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 40

Question 5.
Observe the given political map (Map-3.4)

Question 6.
Name the state closest to equator.
Tamil Nadu & Kerala both are closest to equator.

Question 7.
What is Tropic of Cancer?

1. Tropic of Cancer is at 23°30′ North latitude.
2. It divides the India into two equal halves:

Question 8.
Name the states through which the Tropic of Cancer runs.
Tropic of Cancer passes through Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jarkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram states.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 43

Question 9.
The rivers originated in Western Ghats flow towards east and join Bay of Bengal. Discuss with your teacher.

1. The rivers which are originated in Western Ghats originates at eastern side of the Western ghats in South India.
2. As rivers cannot claim up, they flow towards slanting side.
3. They flow through the Deccan Plateau which slopes towards east.
4. Hence, the rivers flow towards east and join the Bay of Bengal.

Question 10.
Classify the rivers based on the seas they join. Name these rivers.
Rivers are classified into two groups based on the seas they join.

1. West flowing rivers.
2. East flowing rivers.
 River Name Sea 1. Ganga Bay of Bengal East flowing rivers 2. Brahmaputra Bay of Bengal 3. Mahanadi Bay of Bengal 4. Krishna Bay of Bengal 5. Godavari Bay of Bengal 6. Penna Bay of Bengal 7. Kaveri Bay of Bengal 1. Indus Arabian sea West flowing rivers 2. Narmada Arabian sea 3. Tapiti Arabina sea

Question 11.
Mention land forms of Andhra Pradesh.
The Andhra Pradesh state has three main physiographic regions.
1. Mountains 2. Plains 3. Plateau

1. The coastal plain tothe east extending from the Bay of Bengal to the mountain ranges.
2. The mountain ranges themselves, the Eastern Ghats, which form the western flank of the coastal plain.
3. In the South west, the plateau to the west of the ghats.

Explore

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 37

Question 1.
Explore more conventional symbols used by the Survey of India in the preparation of a map with the help of Atlas or through internet.
Conventional Symbols :

1. It is not possible to draw a map in the actual shape and size.
2. Different features on the map shows with different symbols. Those are
 1) Buildings 2) Roads 3) Bridges 4) Trees 5) Railway lines 6) Broad gauge railway 7) Meter guage railway 8) River 9) Well 10) Tank 11) Temple 12) Church 13) Mosque 14) Post office 15) Police station 16) Kutcha road 17) Mountain peak 18) Grave

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 40

Question 2.
Explore the location of Andhra Pradesh with the help of Atlas.
Andhra Pradesh lies between 12°41′ and 19°.07′ N latitudes. 77° and 84°.40′ E longitude.

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 43

Question 3.
With the help of the Atlas explore about extension of various mountain ranges and the highest peaks in those respective ranges.

 Mountain Range Peaks 1. Himalayas Mt. Everest (Nepal), Kanchanajunga (India) 2. Karakoram Mt – K2 3. Aravallis Gurushikhar 4. Western Ghats Anaimudi 5. Eastern Ghats Aroyakonda 6. Nilgiris Dodabetta 7. Satpura Range Dhupgarh 8. Vindhya Range Sadbhavna Shikhar 9. Purvanchal Range Mt Dapha

Question 4.
Explore physical features of India with the help of the Atlas or go through the internet.
The major physiographic divisions of India are :

1. The Greater Himalayas
2. The Northern plains
3. The Great Indian desert
4. The Peninsular plateau
5. The Eastern and Western coastal plains and
6. The Island group ‘

7th Class Social Textbook Page No. 46

Question 5.
Use the books in the library and the Atlas to explore various maps of dynasties related to ancient and medieval India.