AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 22 Citizens and the Governments

AP State Syllabus SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions 22nd Lesson Citizens and the Governments

10th Class Social 22nd Lesson Citizens and the Governments 1 Mark Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Write any two benefits of Lok Adalat in respect of entertaining disputes.
Answer:

  1. There is no court fee.
  2. Speedy trail of disputes
  3. Procedural flexibility
  4. The parties can directly interact with the judge.

Question 2.
When was the Right to Information Act passed by the Central Government?
Answer:
Right to Information Act was passed in 2005 by the Central Government.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 22 Citizens and the Governments

Question 3.
How does the government department function?
Answer:
Every government department functions on the basis of certain rules and regulations.

Question 4.
What does Lok Adalat mean?
Answer:
Lok Adalat means people’s court.

Question 5.
Which two roles does RTI play?
Answer:
The first one is the role of the government departments and the second is that of the citizens.

Question 6.
Write about NALSA.
Answer:
Act and to frame the most effective and economical schemes for legal services.

Question 7.
What legal aid facilities are available under Legal Service Authority?
Answer:
Matrimonial disputes, maintenance cases, harassment cases by husband and in-laws, domestic violence cases, all types of civil cases, land disputes, compoundable criminal cases, etc.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 22 Citizens and the Governments

Question 8.
When are the Lok Adalats constituted?
Answer:
The Lok Adalats are constituted in every state under the Legal Services Authority Act, 1987.

Question 9.
Write about District Legal Services Authority.
Answer:
District Legal Services Authority is constituted in every district to implement Legal Aid Programmes and Schemes in the district. The District Judge of the district is its Ex-Officio Chairman and the members are nominated by State Government.

Question 10.
Who is responsible officials in the information commission?
Answer:
National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) is the apex body constituted to lay down policies and principles for making legal services available under the provisions of the State Public Information Commissioner is the responsible official in the information commission along with Information Commissioners.

10th Class Social 22nd Lesson Citizens and the Governments 2 Marks Important Questions and Answers

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 22 Citizens and the Governments

Question 1.
Read the following text and answer the following question.

The LSA Act was enacted to constitute legal services authority for providing free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society. 
To ensure that opportunities for securing justice were not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities.
To organise Lok Adalats to ensure that the operation of the legal system promoted justice on Q basis of equal opportunity.
To develop an effective, alternative, innovative dispute resolution mechanism outside the courts.

Who are entitled to get free legal support?
(OR)
Who are eligible for benefit under Legal Service Authority?
Answer:
As per LSA Act and its objectives to give free legal support on an equality basis to economically backward. The following are entitled or eligible to get free legal support.

  1. A member of a SC or ST.
  2. A victim of trafficking in human beings or beggars.
  3. Women and children.
  4. A mentally ill or otherwise disabled person.
  5. A person who is a victim of a mass disaster, ethnic violence, etc.

Question 2.
Write about the Right to Information Act.
Answer:

  1. Right to Information Act was passed by the Central Government in 2005.
  2. The Act was passed as a result of people’s mobilization as well as in recognition of the provisions in the constitution.
  3. Two roles that need to be played for getting the benefits of RTI to the people.

Question 3.
Explain how RTI Act enriches Democracy.
Answer:

  1. It ensures the availability of all types of information to the citizen.
  2. Democracy requires an informed citizenry.
  3. Information should be transparent.
  4. This can help to control corruption and make the governments accountable.
    Thus RTI act enriches democracy.

Question 4.
What are the provisions there for people to seek information under RTI?
Answer:

  1. Any individual can get documents like government orders, reports, advice, logbooks, rules and regulations, attendance list, letters, etc.
  2. People seeking information have to pay a small amount to meet a copy of the document.
  3. If the person is below the poverty line he/she need not pay this amount.
  4. This information request can be sent through a handwritten letter or electronic mail.
  5. Information will be given in the official language of the state or in English or in Hindi.
  6. Individuals collecting the information can remain anonymous.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 22 Citizens and the Governments

Question 5.
Read the following case study and give an explanation of how Swetha had benefited from RTI.

Gattu Swetha was a student of M.Sc at Kakatiya University in 2013. She completed her B.Sc. exams in March 2011. She got good marks in all subjects but in Chemistry she got 21 marks. On revaluation, she got only 9 marks. With RTI activists help she requested for a photocopy of her answer sheet. University refused to do so. She went to the State Chief Information Commissioner and later the university gave a photocopy and awarded 51 marks. Thus, she joined M.Sc.

Answer:
Swetha could not have accessed the photocopy of her answer sheet without the RTI enabling Act. She could not have got an entry into M.Sc. Earlier photostats of answer sheets were not given to students. They have only informed marks. Now students like Swetha can get a photocopy of their answer sheets even for competitive examinations that provide jobs. She did not stop even when the Public Information Officer of the University did not provide her with information. She went to the highest appellate authority in the state and was able to secure a photocopy. Thus, she made the best use of RTI enabling Act.

Question 6.
Read the following text and answer the following question.

The LSA through Lok Adalats settles long pending court cases in short time and without any expenses. Matrimonial disputes, maintenance cases, harassment cases by husband and in-laws, domestic violence cases, all types of civil cases, land disputes, compoundable criminal cases etc.

What kind of cases can be settled through Lok adalats?
Answer:
The following cases can be settled through Lok adalats.

  1. Matrimonial disputes.
  2. Maintenance cases.
  3. Harassment cases by husband and in-laws.
  4. Domestic violence cases.
  5. Long pending all civil cases, land disputes and compoundable criminal cases.

Question 7.
What exemptions are there for disclosure of information in the RTI Act 2005?
Answer:

  1. The law permits the government not to disclose certain information.
  2. Information that could affect the sovereignty and integrity of India.
  3. Information that could breach the privilege of Parliament and State Legislature.
  4. Information received in confidence from a foreign government. “
  5. Information that could endanger the life or physical safety of a person.
  6. Cabinet papers or records of Council of Ministers and Secretaries (before the final decision is taken)
  7. Most of our armed forces and security agencies are outside the purview of Information Commissions.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 22 Citizens and the Governments

Question 8.
Provide an example where any citizen benefited from using RTI Act.
Answer:
T.AIIuga has 1 acre and 20 kuntas land in Vadali village of Mudinepalli mandal in Krishna district. After his death, his son Nallanna cultivated that land. But the untimely death of him left his kid unaware of land. Few years later his kid, Naresh recognized that their land was encroached. He requested the Tahsildar to survey his land with documents he had, which was of no use. Later, even he complained the same in grievance cell with the collector, but was of no use. With the suggestion of a representative of RTI Act, he applied to Information Officer. He has asked for the reason why his land was not surveyed. Later his land was identified, surveyed and shown to the applicant, Naresh.

Question 9.
When was RTI Act made? What was its constitutional prominence?
Answer:

  1. The Right to Information Act (RTI) was passed by the Parliament in 2005.
  2. Today the Right to Information is recognized within the Constitution under two Fundamental Rights as freedom of expression and the right to life.

Question 10.
Why do you think checking the information can help In improving accountability?
Answer:

  1. Information can be collected with the help of officials.
  2. Master rolls and paid amounts can be verified.
  3. This would bring out the corruption in practices.
  4. Officials are given the opportunity to defend and talk about the details of documents.
  5. When corruption was identified, cases were registered against concerned persons.
  6. Thus checking the information will make governments more accountable in their functioning.

Question 11.
What information shall be declared by every government office even without being asked by the people?
Answer:

  1. Under the RTI, it is also compulsory for every government office to declare certain information in public even without being asked by the people.
  2. One can identify them on the walls of these office buildings.
  3. They are the names, designations and phone numbers of Public Information Officer, Assistant Public Information Officer and First Appellate Authority.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 22 Citizens and the Governments

Question 12.
What are the public authorities to follow the right to Information Act?
Answer:

  1. The institution created under the constitution.
  2. Made under the laws of Parliament or State legislature.
  3. Created through a notification of the appropriate government.
  4. It may include any body owned, controlled or substantially funded or Non-Governmental organizations substantially funded by the government either directly or indirectly through the funds.

10th Class Social 22nd Lesson Citizens and the Governments 4 Marks Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
How are the Lok-adalats helping the common people? Explain.
Answer:

  1. There is no court fee.
  2. The procedural flexibility and speedy trial of disputes are provided.
  3. The parties to the dispute can directly interact with the judge.
  4. Free Legal advice is provided.
  5. Delay will be avoided in the settlement of disputes.

Question 2.
“Right to Information Act resembles the true spirit of Democracy”. Explain.
Answer:

  1. Democracy requires an informed citizenry.
  2. It needs transparency of information.
  3. Through R.T.I. Act, all the citizens can get such information.
  4. This Act can help to contain corruption.
  5. This also makes governments accountable to individual citizens also.
  6. Earlier various departments of the government responded only to the elected representatives.
  7. But today, they respond even to the common citizens.

Question 3.
Why is there a need for information to fight corruption?
Answer:

  1. Programmes that are undertaken to benefit the poor and remove poverty often do not reach the needy and the funds get diverted.
  2. A major reason for this is corruption.
  3. The reason is common people do not have proper information about the programmes and how they are being implemented.
  4. The people themselves had no way to verify how the money was spent by government.
  5. The information was not shared with the people.
  6. Yet, in a democracy, the money used for the welfare of people is theirs, so they have every right to know how this is being used.
  7. Earlier elected representatives checked the corruption.
  8. Now with the enactment of RTI, people can check the corruption.

Question 4.
Why do you think the information needed to be shared?
Answer:

  1. People believe that the information was crucial to their own welfare.
  2. Information is crucial to the human development and democratic rights.
  3. People can participate in government and ensure just development only if they have sufficient information in the form of official documents.
  4. Information will make governments more accountable in their functioning.
  5. Then only it is possible to monitor the functioning and check possibility of corrupt practice.
  6. In a situation where information has to be made public, arbitrary decisions by the elected representatives or the officials can be controlled.
  7. Information is crucial to the survival of the poor.

Question 5.
Collect the information of the movement which began for the information.
Answer:

  1. A group of people in Rajasthan organized themselves under the banner of Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sanghatan (MKSS) and demanded information.
  2. There was no legal provision to take information from the government to the people.
  3. Initially, these documents were collected with the help of officials.
  4. People evaluated these documents through public meetings.
  5. Soon officials began to resist the idea of disclosing the information,
  6. This led to people’s movement, with rallies and marches for the next 3 years.
  7. People demanded that the information was crucial to their own welfare.

Question 6.
What exemptions are there for disclosure of information in RTI Act, 2005?
Answer:

  1. The law permits the government not to disclose certain information.
  2. Information that could affect the sovereignty and integrity of India.
  3. Information that could breach the privilege of Parliament and State Legislature.
  4. Information received in confidence from a foreign government.
  5. Information that could endanger the life or physical safety of a person.
  6. Cabinet papers or records of Council of Ministers and Secretaries (before the final decision is taken)
  7. Most of our armed forces and security agencies are outside the purview of Information Commissions.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 22 Citizens and the Governments

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions