AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

AP State Syllabus SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions 7th Lesson People and Settlement

10th Class Social 7th Lesson People and Settlement 1 Mark Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
In which decade had the population of Delhi increased unusually? According to your opinion, what might be the main reason for the population increase?
Population of Delhi City

Year Population (in lakhs)
1951 20
1961 35
1971 48
1981 68
1991 100
2001 120

Answer:
The population of Delhi increased mostly in the decades of 1981 and 1991.
I think the reasons are:

  1. It is our national capital.
  2. Its development.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 2.
Why do certain places attract more people as settlements? Mention the reasons.
Answer:
Water resources, security, employment opportunities etc.

Question 3.
What are called Mega cities?
Answer:
The cities having more than 10 million persons are Mega cities.

Question 4.
What is called a Metropolitan city? Give examples.
Answer:

  1. A city having population between one million to 10 million is called a metropolitan city.
  2. Examples: Chennai, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad.

Question 5.
State any two problems caused due to urbanization.
Answer:

  1. Traffic problem will arise.
  2. Proper drainage facilities are not expanded.
  3. Unemployment increases in urban areas.
  4. Air, water, sound pollutions are increased.

Question 6.
What do we have in a settlement?
Answer:
In a settlement, we have different kinds of activities – educational, religious, commercial, etc.

Question 7.
Why were the early humans called hunter-gatherers?
Answer:
Early humans hunted and gathered their food. That is why they were called hunter-gatherers.

Question 8.
The hunter-gatherers were nomads. Why?
Answer:
The hunter-gatherers were kept moving from place to place. This was in search of food-gathering food from plants and trees and hunting animals for meat, hide, and other uses.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 9.
What tools did they use initially?
Answer:
Initially they used the tools made of stone. With these tools they were able to hunt more effectively and efficiently.

Question 10.
What happened as agriculture progressed?
Answer:
As agriculture progressed, people organised their life around patterns observed in nature. They also had time to speculate on other things – the movement of heavenly bodies.

Question 11.
What kinds of places attracted settlements?
Answer:
Some basic concepts are to be understood for this. Those are

  1. site
  2. situation and
  3. the history of the place.

Question 12.
What does site refer to?
Answer:
Site refers to the characteristics of the place – its topography, altitude, water characteristics (does it have lakes, rivers, underground water, etc.), types of soils, security, shelter from natural t forces, and so on.

Question 13.
Name any two cities which were developed by the colonial powers.
Answer:
Mumbai and Chennai.

Question 14.
Which kind of villages has the most vibrant markets and fairs?
Answer:
The villages that are best connected have the most vibrant markets and fairs.

Question 15.
What is called Urbanisation?
Answer:
People have been increasingly taking up non-agriculture work and living in cities and towns. This is called Urbanisation.

Question 16.
Name the three cities which accommodate more than 10 million people each.
Answer:
Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata.

Question 17.
What are the problems in urbanization?
Answer:
Though there has been an increase in urbanization, the necessity of providing basic infrastructure that can support this growth is missing, e.g.: roads, drainage, electricity, water and public facilities.

Question 18.
What are aerotropolis ?
Answer:
A new kind of settlement is occurring in many countries, including India. These settlements around c large airports are called Aerotropolis.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 19.
What are the facilities in an aerotropolis?
Answer:
Hotels, shopping, entertainment, food, business conferencing, etc.

Question 20.
What are the comforts of people in aerotropolis?
Answer:
People can fly in, conduct their business with their counterparts right there, and fly out- with ail ‘ the comfort of a city, without the traffic and other problems.

Question 21.
Name some form of aerotropolises that are emerging in India.
Answer:

  1. Kempegowda International Airport – Bengaluru
  2. Indira Gandhi International Airport – Delhi
  3. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport – Hyderabad

Question 22.
What are Towns?
Answer:
All the urban areas having a population between 5000 to 1 lakh are called Towns.

Question 23.
What are Hamlets?
Answer:
A group of houses within the revenue village are called Hamlets.

10th Class Social 7th Lesson People and Settlement 2 Marks Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘Though there has been an increase in urbanization, the necessity of providing basic infrastructure that can support this growth is missing.’
What is your opinion on the conditions of urban poor people?
Answer:
Due to urbanization, the people of surrounding villages are reaching the towns and cities. Many of them are working in the unorganized sector. As they are economically backward, they are settling in slum areas.
Usually, they are occupying government unorganized (porambok) areas for their residences. Govt, also building colonies for them. Ex: Vambey Colony
But the slum areas in which they are living are lack of water, sanitation and toilet facilities. Mostly they are living in unhealthy conditions.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 2.
Why has the population of Visakhapatnam grown significantly over the centuries?
(OR)
Taking into consideration the past history and the present timings, state the causes for the escalation of population in Visakhapatnam according to your observation.
Answer:

  1. Over the decades, Visakhapatnam’s population has grown significantly.
  2. Visakhapatnam is a port city.
  3. It developed industrially.
  4. Many people came for work and settled in Visakhapatnam.
    So the population increased in Visakhapatnam.

Question 3.
Answer the questions by studying the data given below.

Population of Visakhapatnam

Year Population % change
1951 1,08,042 + 53.8%
1961 2,11,190 + 95.5%
1971 3,63,467 + 72.1%
1981 6,03,630 + 66.1%
1991 7,52,031 + 24.6%
2001 13,45,938 + 78.97%
2011 20,35,690 + 51.2%
  1. In which decade, the change in the population percentage is less?
    Answer:
    1981-91
  2. What are the reasons for increasing population in Visakhapatnam ?
    Answer:

    1. Visakhapatanm is a port city.
    2. Employment opportunities.
    3. Migration from other places.

Question 4.
Describe the adverse impacts of urbanisation on environment.
Answer:

  1. Air pollution increases.
  2. Climate changes occur.
  3. Drainage problems arise.
  4. Non degradable garbage accumulates.

Question 5.
Delhi is the second biggest city in the country. Explain the reasons for it.
Answer:

  1. The city of Delhi can claim to have been central to many empires that rilled India.
  2. When India gained independence, the city remained its capital.
  3. Over the decades, the city has attracted people from all parts of India as they migrated in search of livelihood, jobs, etc.
  4. As the capital of the country, with the Parliament and Central Government offices there are people from all parts living in the city.
  5. Surrounding areas of Delhi are developed. ,
  6. Establishment of industries in surrounding areas of Delhi.

Question 6.
Analyse the problems of Urbanisation.
Answer:
Urbanisation: The migration of people from rural areas to urban areas is called urbanisation. Causes of urbanisation:

  1. Natural growth
  2. Inclusion of rural areas and
  3. Migrations

Challenges of urbanisation:

  1. The rapid inflows of rural population to urban places give rise to housing problem and thus slums are developed in these places.
  2. The decrease in rural population effects the agricultural production due to shortage of work¬ers in rural areas.
  3. Due to use of more vehicles, air, water, sound pollutions are increased.
  4. Traffic problem will arise.
  5. Proper drainage facilities are not expanded.
  6. Using of plastic covers are increased.
  7. Unemployment increases in urban areas.
  8. Due to this, various criminal activities, corruption, etc. increase affecting the law and order system.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 7.
What is an Aerotropolis ? Mention any two advantages of an aerotropolis over other cities?
Answer:
An aerotropolis is an urban plan in which the layout, infrastructure and economy is centered on an airport, existing as an airport city.
(or)
The settlements which centered around large airports are called aerotropolis.
Advantages:

  1. People can fly to conduct their business with their counterparts right there, and fly out – with all the comfort of a city.
  2. Many facilities like hotels, shopping, entertainment, food, business, conferencing, etc, are provided right there.
    People ead Settlement

Question 8.
What happened as the population increased?
Answer:
As population increased, there was more specialization – weavers, potters, metal workers and other professions emerged. The number and variety of goods produced increased and so did the trade in them. Rulers began to encourage craftpersons to settle in urban areas. Urban settlements, i.e., towns where people did not work in agriculture expanded.

Question 9.
What do you know about Visakhapatnam?
Answer:
Visakhapatnam has a long history. It was ruled by different dynasties during pre-colonial times. During the 19th century, the British and French fought a naval battle over this city. Coastal places were of immense significance for colonial powers because they could build ports there. These ports would enable export of raw materials to the colonizing country.

Question 10.
What happened in early settlement periods? Give an example.
Answer:
In early settlement periods, places which had favourable water supply and good protection from invasions were preferred. For example, Chhatrapati Shivaji built a fort in Pratapgad, Maharashtra. This site was chosen because of its altitude from where all the surrounding areas could be seen. This provided military security.

Question 11.
Describe an annual fair in villages.
Answer:
Some villages also host an annual fair which is a larger market along with many cultural elements. Many events are held including music, dance, theatre, etc. Both the weekly markets and such fairs are also important to plant and animal genetics in the area because local seeds and livestock breeds are traded here. These fairs also often result in intermarriage among people from different villages.

Question 12.
Why did most of the population increase in cities and towns take place?
Answer:
Most of the population increase in cities and towns took place as a consequence of natural growth within the urban areas. Some of the growth in urban settlements took place by expansion, with the inclusion of rural areas surrounding older cities and towns. Only one-fifth of the growth is due to rural-to-urban migration.

Question 13.
What happened as settlements became larger?
Answer:
As settlements became larger, they also became more complex because there were more functions to be performed – food production was not the qjily cOncem.Within each settlement, people specialised in certain skills. Many goods were produced for the market and sold to traders who carried them to far off places.

Question 14.
What does situation describe? Give one example.
Answer:
Places do not exist in isolation. They are in some way connected to other places. Situation describes the connections with other places. For example Visakhapatnam is located on the coast and connects Andhra Pradesh to many places in and outside of India.

Question 15.
Why did the settlements become more and more complex?
Answer:
As settlements became more and more diversified in their characteristics, they also became more and more complex. Gradually, a network of places in a hierarchy has been formed.

Question 16.
How does urban India contribute to Indians economic development?
Answer:
Service sector activities such as finance, insurance, real estate and business related service activities such as transport, storage and communication contribute more than industrial activities. There is no major growth of industrial output over the last few decades.

Question 17.
Give some examples of emerging aerotropolises. (International)
Answer:

  1. Suvarnabhoomi International Airport (Bangkok, Thailand)
  2. Dubai International Airport (Dubai, UAE)
  3. Cairo International Airport (Cairo, Egypt)
  4. London Heathrew Airport (London, UK)

Question 18.
Write down some problems of urbanization.
Answer:

  1. The growing urban population has to be housed.
  2. It needs water supply, sewage and other waste disposal, transportation and many other things.
  3. Vehicle use Increases.

10th Class Social 7th Lesson People and Settlement 4 Marks Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Find out the changes in your settlement during the past twenty years, and find out the reasons for this.
Answer:
During the past 20 years, In our area :

  1. Population Increased.
  2. Transportation facilities extended.
  3. The area of agricultural land has decreased.
  4. The residential and shopping area has Increased.
  5. Slums formed.
  6. Environmental pollution Increased.
    Migrations and urbanisation are the main reasons for all these changes.

Question 2.
Increasing urbanization is not just about greater opportunities for people and economy. It also results in many problems.
– Express your attitude on the consequences of urbanization.
Answer:
There are a lot of problems occurring In the urban areas. They are:

  • Scarcity of space and housing problem
  • Increase of air, water, soil pollution
  • Shortage of food items
  • Increase of Plastic waste
  • Increase of slum areas
  • Increase of traffic problem
  • Increase of sewage problem
  • Pressure on the environment

Urbanisation is one of the Indicators of development. The governments hive to take necessary precautionary measures to avoid the problems while Increasing of towns and cities. Otherwise It may lead even to under development.

Question 3.
Explain the expansion of agriculture and emergence of towns.
Answer:
As agriculture progressed, people organised their life around patterns observed In nature.
For example, the seasonal cycles, how to predict climatic conditions how to plan the timing of cropping practices etc. They also had time to speculate on other things – the movements of heavenly bodies.
As population Increased, there was more specialisation – weavers, potters, metal workers and other professions emerged, The number and variety of goods produced Increased and so did the trade In them. Rulers began to encourage craft persons to settle In urban areas. Due to this towns were emerged.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 4.
‘Urbanisation results in environmental stress’ – Do you agree with this statement? Support your answer.
Answer:
Urbanization results in environmental stress -1 agree with this statement because.

  1. The rapid inflows of rural population to urban places give rise to housing problem and thus slums are developed In these places.
  2. The decrease In rural population effects the agricultural production due to shortage of workers In rural areas.
  3. Due to use of more vehicles, air, water, sound pollutions are Increased.
  4. Traffic problem will arise.
  5. Proper drainage facilities are not expanded.
  6. Using of plastic covers are Increased.
  7. The unemployment increases In urban areas.
  8. Due to this, various criminal activities, corruption, etc. increase affecting the law and order system.

Question 5.
Study the paragraph given below and answer the following questions:
A new kind of settlement Is occurring In many countries, Including India. These settlements are centred around large airports. Hence the name aerotropolis.

  1. What is called a settlement?
  2. What is located at the centre of an aerotropolis?
  3. What facilities are provided in an aerotropolis?
  4. Give two example of aerotropolises in India.

Answer:

  1. The way we organise ourselves and our living spaces in a place Is called a settlement.
  2. Airport.
  3.  In an aerotropolis the airport functions as a city In Its own right. Many facilities like hotels, shopping, entertainment, food, business conferencing etc. are provided.
  4. (i) Bengaluru International Airport
    (ii) Indira Gandhi International Airport (Delhi) and
    (iii) Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (Hyderabad).

Question 6.
Mention the challenges of Urbanization and suggest remedies.
Answer:
Urbanisation: The migration of people from rural areas to urban areas is called urbanisation.
Causes of urbanisation:

  1. Natural growth
  2. Inclusion of rural areas and
  3. Migrations

Challenges of urbanisation:

  1. The rapid inflows of rural population to urban places give rise to housing problem and thus slums are developed in these places.
  2. The decrease in rural population effects the agricultural production due to shortage of workers in rural areas.
  3. Due to use of more vehicles, air, water, sound pollutions are increased.
  4. Traffic problem will arise.
  5. Proper drainage facilities are not expanded.
  6. Using of plastic covers is increased.
  7. Unemployment increases in urban areas.
  8. Due to this, various criminal activities, corruption, etc. increase affecting the law and order system.

Remedies:

  1. Controlling of migrations from villages to towns and cities.
  2. Recycling of waste materials.
  3. Provide more employment opportunities in villages.
  4. Eradicate the use of plastic.

Question 7.
Give solutions to address the urbanization problems.
Answer:

  1. Proper maintenance of sewage water.
  2. Proper supply of drinking water.
  3. Providing infrastructural facilities in rural areas.
  4. Giving importance to Agriculture.
  5. Establishing industries in rural areas to generate employment.
  6. Widening of urban roads.
  7. Strict implementation of rules to reduce pollution.
  8. Co-ordination among different wings or departments.

Question 8.
What kind of places are attracted as settlements? Explain.
Answer:
Some places attract more people. There are many reasons for it. Some of them are:

  1. Good transport facilities: These facilities reduce the journey time. Hence a place which has good transport facilities attract the people more.
  2. Good living conditions: One cannot change his own environment. The place which has good sanitation. Public transport system. Pollution free environment naturally attract more people.
  3. Education, job opportunities: Having good education gives a chance to take a good profession. The places which have good educational institutions and companies attract more people.
  4. Other reasons: Availability of good health services, having basic needs like electricity, peaceful life style are some of the other factors contributing attracting people.

Question 9.
Read the following paragraph and write your opinion on it.
As population Increased, there was more specialization-weavers, potters, metal workers and other professions emerged. The number and variety of goods produced increased and so did the trade In them. Rulers began to encourage craft persons to settle in urban areas. Urban settlements i.e., towns, where people did not practice agriculture expanded.
Answer:
At the beginning the rulers encourage the crafts persons to settle in urban area. Slowly the facilities are increasing In urban areas. People who are not having land they are migrating to towns & cities and improve their living conditions. After some years industrials are established they left their occupations and joined in industries for better life.
Slowly town areas are increasing, population also increasing and the people who depends on agriculture Is also slowly decreasing. The share of agriculture in GDP also reducing. But In urban areas the people are facing so many problems.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 10.
How were the settlements begun and explain, why do they change?
Answer:
Settlements: For about 1.8 lakh years, early humans lived in bands as hunter gatherers. They didn’t practice agriculture. However owing to changes in ways of obtaining food some bands took to the deliberate method of production of food agriculture.

Basic concepts of settlements are site; situation and history of the place. With regard to site of a place, its topography, altitude, lakes, rivers, type of soil, security, shelter and so on will be observed. Places do not exist in isolation. Elevated place are useful to see the surroundings if anybody is approaching can be identified easily. Historical background is also an important one for people to decide to reside there.

For the sake of livelihoods and migration settlements change. Delhi was the capital for many dynasties for many years. People do not want to stay at their places in rural areas. The people suffer a lot at rural areas because of distress in agriculture. The formers also want to send their children to cities and towns for the sake of education and employment. Sometimes the rural people migrate to urban areas for livelihoods, jobs, or to settle in any constructive work. Many people in cities and towns choose seif employed work. Because of these reasons settlements have been changing.

Question 11.
Explain with examples, How Site, Situation and the History of a place plays a vital role in human settlement?
Answer:
To understand what kind of places attracted settlements, we need to look at these basic concepts.

  1. Site
  2. Situation
  3. The history of the place.

Site: Site refers to the characteristics of the place – its topography, altitude, water characteristics types of soils, security, shelter from natural forces, and so on.

In early settlement periods, places which had favorable water supply and good protection from invasions were preferred. Ex: Chatrapathi Shivaji built a fort inPratapghad, Maharashtra. Situation: Situation describes the connections with other places.
For Example: Visakhapatnam is located on the coast and connects Andhra Pradesh to many places in and outside of India. The history of the place: Visakhapatnam has a long history. It was ruled by different dynasties during pre-colonial times coastal places were of immense significance for colonial powers because they could build ports there.

Question 12.
Read the following paragraph and write your comments.
In fact, cities such as Mumbai and Chennai were further developed by the colonial powers to better exploit the natural resources of India. The fight for Visakhapatnam was for similar reasons. Visakhapatnam as we now know it, is made up of several other places. After the British took it over, its boundaries were redrawn several times and have been constantly expanding.
Answer:

  1. The given paragraph says that when the British people came to India a few dries like Mumbai and Chennai were developed for the sake of exploiting our natural resources.
  2. Visakhapatnam is also one of the cities developed like that.
  3. Much development is seen in Visakhapatnam once it came under the control of the British.
  4. My comments on this paragraph are that the colonial rulers concentrated on their profits and benefits but not the development of India.
  5. They did the same in Africa and Asian countries.
  6. I conclude with this suggestion that after Independence our rulers should have concentrated on the development of many cities and towns.
  7. Now Visakhapatnam is expanding in all comers. Other cities also should be developed similar way.

Question 13.
Read the following paragraph and write your opinion on it.
As populations increased, there was more specialization – weavers, potters, metal workers and other professions emerged. The number and variety of goods produced increased and so did the trade in them. Rulers began to encourage craft persons to settle in urban areas. Urban settlements, i.e. towns where people did not work in agriculture expanded.
Answer:

  1. According to the paragraph, it is understood that the increase in population leads to different professions.
  2. Different goods and services are, produced. In cities and towns there is no agriculture but new sources of employment are seen.
  3. My opinion on this paragraph is that many new sorts of livelihoods are started.
  4. When there is a scope for new profession emerging, the people should acquire new skills based on the new technology.
  5. When there is new profession, new goods or services are produced and so market changes its nature.
  6. In conclusion I would like to say that when there is much demand one should understand the trend in the society and shift accordingly.
  7. For better employment, people need skill. Though they are not educated enough, they should be skilled in some area.
  8. In which profession they have skill, they should go for that.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 14.
Read the following paragraph and interpret it.
Some villages also host an annual fair which is a larger market along With many cultural dements. Many events are held including music, dance, theatre, etc. Both the weekly markets and such fairs are also important to plant and animal genetics in the area because local seeds and livestock breeds are traded here. These fairs also often result in intermarriage among people from different villages.
Answer:

  1. As per the paragraph given here the village fairs are very important. Many activities take place there.
  2. They play very crucial and key role in the development of the villages and cultural exchanges.
  3. Some entertainment programmes are also there.
  4. My opinion on this paragraph is that the village fairs are useful to the farmers but there is a problem of mediators.
  5. Many of the remote villages are not connected to major villages.
  6. They still face problems of roads and transportation.
  7. Nowadays connectivity is the major theme.
  8. It is considered internationally and many of the countries are trying to improve the connectivity.
  9. At the village fairs it is necessary to provide various facilities to the farmers those who come from distant places.

Question 15.
Read the paragraph and write your opinion.
Most of the population increase in cities and towns took place as a consequence of natural growth within the urban areas. The population of these urban areas increased over time. Some of the growth in urban settlements took place by expansion, with the inclusion of rural areas surrounding older cities and towns. Only one-fifth of the growth is due to rural -to – urban migration.
Answer:

  1. According to the paragraph given, the natural growth within the urban areas is more as the expansion is going on around the cities and towns.
  2. When a city or town expands the surrounding villages will be submerged in the city or town.
  3. The migration from rural areas is very less.
  4. My opinion is that it is not common in all the cities and towns. In some cities and towns it may be correct but in many areas the migrants are more in number.
  5. They are coming from rural areas to urban areas. They have different reasons like livelihood, employment, children education, medical services for their chronic patients, dejection in agriculture and other.
  6. When all these people came to cities and towns there will be many problems.
  7. Government should take care of these problems and find solutions.

Question 16.
Read the following paragraph and write your comments.
How does urban India contribute to India’s economic development? Service sector activities such as finance, insurance, real estate and business related service activities such as transport, storage and communication contribute more than industrial activities. There is no major growth of industrial output over the last few decades.
Answer:

  1. According to the paragraph it is clearly understood that service activities play a crucial and vital role in economic development.
  2. The growth of industrial output is very less. It means service sector contributes more than that of the remaining sectors.
  3. My comments on this paragraph are that we should think of this situation in India.
  4. Normally in an economy, there are three sectors viz, agriculture, industrial and service sec-tors.
  5. Many people depend upon agriculture in the past in our country but recently the scene in India is changing.
  6. In conclusion, I would like to say that the government should encourage agriculture and indus¬tries also.
  7. Many of the people working in service sector are in unorganized sector.
  8. They should be taken care of.

Question 17.
Read the following paragraph and write your opinion.
One of the impacts of increased urbanization is the use of materials that either do not degrade or take a long time to do so. This produces waste that has to be disposed off. Where do we put such waste? As urban areas expand, the waste is increasingly pushed to rural areas where they are either just dumped or taken to waste treatment plants.
Answer:

  1. As per the paragraph given here, the effect of urbanization is in many ways. Collection and dumping of wastage and garbage has become a major issue.
  2. The expansion of urban areas is increasing day by day. The dumping of waste leads to pollu¬tion in rural areas.
  3. My opinion on this paragraph is that there are many reasons for migration and it leads to increasing in urbanization.
  4. Many migrants live in temporary settlements and they don’t have shelters. These are not legal places where they live.
  5. So they don’t come under regular dwellers of the city or town.
  6. I suggest the officials that they arrange sufficient mechanism to collect the waste and poliu- tion free programmes are to be taken up.
  7. Dumping in out skirts of towns and cities is not the solution but it creates new problem.
  8. The collection is to be properly managed not to pollute the surroundings.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 18.
How are slums formed?
Answer:

  1. There is growing population in the cities.
  2. People who migrate to the city looking for work occupy land without necessary permission and build on it in the way they can afford with no help or facility from anyone.
  3. In the plan these places may be demarked for a different purpose. Thus they won’t get the status of colonies.
  4. These may not receive many public amenities. People here are poor.
  5. Thus slums are formed.
  6. When government evict the people from there, the compensation paid may not be sufficient.
  7. Again they occupy new location without necessary permission and these slums go on increasing.

Question 19.
What kind of places attract settlement?
Answer:

  1. To understand this, we need to look at these basic concepts:
    (i) site(ii) situation (iii) the history of the place.
  2. Sites refer to the characteristics of the place its topography, altitude, water characteristics (the places with lakes, rivers, underground water, etc., types of soils, security, shelter from natural forces, and so on.
  3. Shivaji chose Pratapgadh because of its altitude from where all the surrounding areas could be seen.
  4. Situation describes the connections with other places.
  5. Visakhapatnam is located on the coast and connects Andhra Pradesh to many places in and outside of India.
  6. Coastal places were of immense significance for colonial powers because they could build ports there.

Question 20.
What are the problems of urbanization?
Answer:

  1. Increasing urbanization is not only providing opportunities to people and more productivity J but also resulting in many problems.
  2. The growing urban population has to be housed. 1
  3. It needs water supply, sewage and other waste disposal, transportation and many other things. .
  4. These result in environmental stress.
  5. As vehicle use increases urban air pollution increases causing health problems and localized
    climate change.
  6. Improper sewage disposal can also lead to greater threat of infectious diseases.
  7. Use of materials that either do not degrade or take a long time to do so.
  8. This produces waste that has to be disposed of.

Question 21.
How did the settlements begin? Discuss.
Answer:

  1. For about 1.8 lakh years humans lived in bands as hunter-gatherers.
  2. They did not practise agriculture.
  3. However owing to changes in obtaining food, some bands took to the deliberate production of food-agriculture, some 10,000 years ago.
  4. It brought many changes in human lifestyles.
  5. People did not have to travel over large areas to obtain food.
  6. They could now increasingly stay in one place.
  7. As hunter-gatherers, they were nomadic.
  8. But as agriculturists, they were increasingly sedentary.
  9. Thus the settlements began.

Question 22.
‘Delhi has grown in an unplanned manner.’ Do you agree with this statement?
Answer:

  1. In 1951, the population of Delhi was only 20,00,000. Today it is more than 1,60,00,000. During the last 60 years it has grown 8 times.
  2. Over decades its attracted people from all parts of India as they migrated in search of jobs and livelihood, etc.
  3. As the capital of the country, with the parliament and central government offices, there are people from all parts living in the city.
  4. Every city usually has a master plan to design and allocate different types of areas and Delhi had three such plans.
  5. But they have not been implemented.
  6. On one hand there is growing population in the city and on the other hand there is a long delay In planning and announcing how the areas are to be used.
  7. In fact, Delhi has grown in an unplanned manner.

Question 23.
How does the urban settlements contribute to India’s economic development?
Answer:

  1. Service sector activities such as finance, insurance, real estate and business related service activities such as transport, storage and communication contribute more than industrial activities.
  2. Most of the poor live in non metropolitan towns work in the unorganized sector.
  3. Most of the public enterprises are either located in urban settlements or their surroundings.
  4. Most of the state of art equipment is located in urban settlements.
  5. Most of the Information Technology industries or parks are operating in urban areas.
  6. The exports of many of these contribute a lot to GDP of our country.
  7. Thus, the urban settlements contribute to India’s economic development.

Question 24.
Feel that you are living in urban area. Write a letter to the Municipal Commissioner complain-ing about the urbanization problems arising due to migration and request to take necessary steps.
Answer:

Sainagar colony,
Vijayawada,
xx xx xxxx.

To
The Commissioner,
Vijayawada Municipal Corporation,
Vijayawada.

Respected sir,

I am Keshava Rao, the resident (H. No. ———–, ) of Bavajipeta. I would like to bring a few lines to your notice about the urbanization problems in out locality for your kind consideration and necessary action.

In our locality the migrant number is increasing. They are coming to city because of their needs and problems but it leads to new problems here. Water supply, sewage and another waste disposal, transportation and pollution problems are arising. There are plastic covers on the roads everywhere. Many animals on the roads eat those covers and die. As the garbage is increasing and it is not properly cleaned, an unbearable stench is spread. There may be a scope for different diseases.

I request you to increase the number of workers and take necessary action to make city clean so as to maintain good health in our locality.

Yours faithfully,
…………………………,
………………………….

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement 1

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

Question 25.
Locate the following in the given map of India.

  1. The only river which is flowing through the Rajasthan State.
    Answer:
    Luni
  2. The state which has Malabar coast.
    Answer:
    Kerala
  3. The state which has Utkal coast.
    Answer:
    Odisa
  4. The capital of India.
    Answer:
    Delhi
  5. Godavari Delta.
  6. Kaveri Delta.
  7. Mahanadi Delta.
  8. The Drainage area of the River Ganga.
  9. Bhimbedka
    Answer:
    MP (Near – Bhopal)
  10. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport.
    Answer:
    Hyderabad.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement 2

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 7 People and Settlement

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions