AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

AP State Syllabus SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions 13th Lesson The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

10th Class Social 13th Lesson The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 1 Mark Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Observe the following bar diagram and answer the question.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 1
Lesser RB et al State of the World 1999
A World Watch report on progress towards a Sustainable Society

How many persons were killed per 1000 people in wars in the 20th century?
Answer:
44.4

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 2.
Observe the following bar-graph:

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 2a
Military expenditure by great powers
(Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain,
Russia, Italy and France 1880-1914)

Between what years the armaments race was raised?
Answer:
1910-1914.

Question 3.
What was the immediate cause for the World War -1?
Answer:
Murder of Archduke franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Serbian fanatic.

Question 4.
With which countries did Bismarck make the Secret Alliances?
Answer:
Austria and Italy.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 5.
Write two slogans on the necessity of peace.
Answer:

  1. Hate war – love peace.
  2. Peace is civilization.

Question 6.
What is militarism?
Answer:
Militarism is the belief that military might is the best way to ensure security and war is a good way to solve problems.
“UN is a kind of world government based on four principles.”

Question 7.
What are the four principles?
(OR)
What are the four principles on which the UNO was founded?
Answer:

  1. Preserve world peace,
  2. Uphold human rights,
  3. Respect international law and
  4. Promote social progress.

Question 8.
Write two slogans against wars.
Answer:

  1. Avoid wars and live peacefully.
  2. Spread the theme of love and uproot hatred.
  3. Respect the feelings of others.
  4. Respect international laws and promote international brotherhood.
  5. Live for good cause and preserve world peace.
  6. Love human beings and promote social progress.

(OR)
Write any two slogans against wars.
Answer:

  1. Peace is angle, war is a ghost.
  2. War is extensive, peace is priceless.
  3. War wins land, peace wins people.
  4. War kills people, peace build people.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 9.
Observe the following graph and answer the questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 1a) In which century, is the number of war deaths low?
Answer:
16th-century

b) Why is the number of war deaths high during 1900 -1999?
Answer:

  1. Two World Wars.
  2. Use of modern weapons like nuclear weapons, poisonous gases.

Question 10.
Mention any one condition laid in the Versailles Treaty.
Answer:
Conditions laid in the Versailles Treaty:

  1. Economic conditions,
  2. Territorial conditions.
  3. Military cuts, restriction of naval strength.

Question 11.
Write two reasons for the failure of the League of Nations.
Answer:
Reasons for the failure of League of Nations are:

  1. Super powers were not the members of the League.
  2. The League failed to prevent Germany, Japan and Italy from attacking/waging war against other countries.
  3. The member countries violated international agreements.

Question 12.
Observe the given table and answer questions (a) and (b).
Annual Expenditure on National Defence (Million Dollars).

1935 1936 1937 1939
Britain 595 846 1263 1817
Germany 381 2600 3600 4400

a) Which country’s annual growth of national defence expenditure is more?
Answer:
Germany’s annual growth of national defence expenditure is more.

b) Write any two reasons for the increase of defence expenditure in Britain and Germany.
Answer:
Britain and Germany are rival countries. This led to secret Alliances, Arms race, Imperialism and always they are suspecting each other.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 13.
What was the reason for American entry into World War II?
Answer:
The main reason is Japan attacked on American Naval base Pearl Harbour. So America entered into World War II.

Question 14.
Certain military cuts were imposed by the Treaty of Versailles on Germany State any two cuts.
Answer:

  1. Germany was asked to pull down its army strength to 100,000 from 900,000.
  2. It was also asked not to have submarines and restrict its naval strength to six battle-ships of less than 10,000 tonnes and a dozen a torpedo boats and destroyers each.

Question 15.
Who called the 20th century “the Age of Extremes”?
Answer:
Eric Hobsbawm called the 20th century “the Age of Extremes”.

Question 16.
Which countries were developed as industrial countries at the beginning of the 20th century?
Answer:
Britain, USA, Germany, France, Italy, Japan etc.

Question 17.
Name the countries of Triple Entente.
Answer:
Russia, France and Britain.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 18.
Which countries were formed as Triple Alliance?
Answer:
Germany, Italy and Austria.

Question 19.
What do you mean by “Militarism”?
Answer:
Militarism is the belief that military might is the best way to ensure security and war is good way to solve problems.

Question 20.
Name two aggressive forms of Nationalism.
Answer:
Nazism in Germany and Fascism in Italy are the aggressive forms of Nationalism.

Question 21.
Enlist the empires that ended after World War – 1.
Answer:
The Austro Hungarian Empire, the Russian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the German empire, etc. were the empires that ended after the First World War.

Question 22.
Name the territories handed over by Germany to France after World War – 1.
Answer:
Alsace and Lorraine.

Question 23.
How did the French break their isolation?
Answer:
The French broke their isolation by striking a mutual alliance with Russia in 1891 and after resolving irritants, with Britain in 1904.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 24.
What were the other forms of aggressive nationalism in a destructive mode?
Answer:
Italian Fascism from 1923 and National Socialism of German Nazis were the other forms of aggressive nationalism in destructive mode.

Question 25.
How was the world divided?
Answer:
The world was divided into the West which was experiencing economic growth and ‘the Rest’ whose acute backwardness was wors¬ened by colonial exploitation by the West.

Question 26.
What was the change in literacy levels?
Answer:
Literacy levels and average life expectancy grew immensely for all.

Question 27.
Write down some results of the Great Depression.
Answer:

  1. Massive unemployment
  2. Economic breakdown
  3. Two World Wars.

Question 28.
How was the world at the beginning of the 20th century?
Answer:
At the beginning of the 20th century, the world was divided into developed industrialised countries of the West and colonial countries of Asia and Africa.

Question 29.
What were the two rival blocks in the industrialised countries?
Answer:
Germany – Austria – Hungary Vs Britain – France – Russia.

Question 30.
Why was the First World War truly a world war?
Answer:
The First World War was truly a world war as virtually no country was left untouched by it from Japan and China in the East to the US in the West.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 31.
How did the First World War end?
Answer:
The First World War ended in the defeat of Germany and its allies and in the victory of Britain and France in 1918.

Question 32.
How did the Second World War end?
Answer:
The Second World War ended in the defeat of Germany and its allies but before it ended it had ravaged all the warring countries.

Question 33.
Who attacked on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
Answer:
The U.S. attacked on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Question 34.
What was the second fact about the world during the period?
Answer:
The second fact about the world during this period is the division of the world into nation-states and grouping of these nations of the world into power blocks and the degeneration of these alliances into war camps.

Question 35.
What happened by the end of the 19th century?
Answer:
By the end of the 19th century, different nations of Europe entered into alliances with each other against other blocks. Two main blocks emerged – the Centre and the Entente or Allies.

Question 36.
Who led the two blocks in the Second World War?
Answer:
The Axis powers were led by Germany and the Allies led by Britain, the US and the USSR.

Question 37.
What were the three main long term factors which led to World War – 1?
Answer:

  1. Aggressive nationalism
  2. Imperialism
  3. Secret alliances and militarism.

Question 38.
What were the other forms of aggressive nationalism in a destructive mode?
Answer:
Italian Fascism from 1923 and National Socialism of German Nazis were the other forms of aggressive nationalism in destructive mode.

Question 39.
Why did Bismarck enter into a secret alliance with Austria and Italy?
Answer:
After defeating France in 1870, Bismarck, the German Chancellor, decided to isolate it. To achieve this end, he entered into a secret alliance with Austria in 1879 and with Italy in 1882.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 40.
How did the French break their isolation?
Answer:
The French broke their isolation by striking a mutual alliance with Russia in 1891 and after resolving irritants, with Britain in 1904.

Question 41.
What is the result of the secret alliances?
Answer:
Instead of real peace, these alliances created an atmosphere of fear and ‘armed peace’ in Europe.

Question 42.
When did the British women get the right to vote?
Answer:
The British women got the right to vote in 1918.

Question 43.
Who participated in the Conference of Peace at Versailles?
Answer:
The five big victorious powers of the time viz. the USA, the UK, France, Italy and Japan participated in this conference.

Question 44.
Who were not invited to the conference?
Answer:
Socialist Russia and the vanquished powers were not invited to the conference.

Question 45.
Why was the League of Nations set up?
Answer:
The League of Nations was set up to prevent wars in the future.

Question 46.
How was the League of Nations hoped?
Answer:
The League of Nations was hoped that it would help eliminate wars through “collective security” and settle disputes between countries through arbitration or negotiation.

Question 47.
What were the two ideologies to which the workers turned?
Answer:

  1. Socialism and
  2. Communism.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 48.
Which empires were ended with the World War – 1?
Answer:
The Austro Hungarian empire, the Russian empire, the Ottoman Empire and the German empire, etc.

10th Class Social 13th Lesson The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 2 Marks Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Study the timeline given and answer the following questions.

Beginning of First World War on July 28 1914
Russian Revolution 1917
End of First World War 1918
Treaty of Versailles 1919
Formation of League of Nations 1919
Rise of Hitler in Germany 1933
Breakout of Second World War 1939
German invasion of USSR 1941
Formation of United Nations Organization 1945
End of Second World War in August 1945

a) When did the Russian Revolution take place?
Answer:
The Russian Revolution take place in 1917.

b) Which organisation was formed for peace after World War – II?
Answer:
United Nations Organisation.

c) What are the peace organizations formed after the two World Wars?
Answer:

  1. League of Nations,
  2. United Nations Organization.

Question 2.
Mention any two happenings of 20th century in support of calling it, “The Age of Extremes”.
Answer:

  1. The Two world wars occurred in this age.
  2. The world saw the Great Depression in the same period.
  3. Scientific knowledge rose to new heights.
  4. Women got right to vote firstly during this period.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 3.
Plot the information given below on a bar-graph :
The Armaments Race

Year 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914
Military Expenditure in Million Pounds 132 158 205 288 397

Answer:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 3

Question 4.
Write your analysis on the graph given below.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 2aAnswer:

  1. The above graph explains about Armaments Race from 1880 to 1914.
  2. From 1880 to 1914 the military expenditure of the big powers were increased by over 300% i,e., from 132 million to 397 million.
  3. Each and every country gave more importance to built more army to protect from their enemies.
  4. The main theme of militarism is it is the best way to ensure security and war is good way to solve problems.

Question 5.
Observe the following table and analyze the military expenditure in the World War-1 participant countries.

S.No. Year Military expenditure in million pounds
1. 1880 132
2. 1890 158
3. 1900 205
4. 1910 288
5. 1914 397

Observe the following graph and write a paragraph on the armament race.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 2a
Military expenditure by great powers
(Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain,
Russia, Italy and France 1880-1914)

Answer:

  1. The graph shows that the military expenditure of the great countries has been increasing since 1880.
  2. Military expenditure increases for every 10 years because of the armament race.
  3. During 1914, the weapons were prepared on large scale and 397 million pounds were spent.
  4. Since 1880 to 1914 the military experience increased in three folds.
  5. Countries like Germany, Great Britain, Russia, Italy and France are some countries that spend more money on weapons.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 6.
Read the following paragraph and interpret. How can you justify “The women getting the right to vote was a big step”?

After a long struggle for political right like right to vote, British women got these rights in 1918. In the long protracted wars like World Wars, industrial production and other services are necessary, with men away in the battle fields, more women had to work in factories, shops, offices, voluntary services, hospitals and schools. Beginning with confidence, being breadwinners, women began raising their voices for equality in all walks of life. Getting the right to vote was a big step in that direction.

Answer:

  1. In the long protracted wars like World Wars, industrial production and other services were necessary.
  2. With men away in the battle fields, more women had to work in factories, shops, offices, voluntary services, hospitals and Schools,
  3. Beginning with the confidence of being bread winners, women began raising their voice for equality in all walks of life.
  4. They established the ‘International Women’s Suffragist Movement’ organization in 1914 for right to vote,
  5. After a long struggle for political right like right to vote-British women got them in 1918.
  6. Getting the right to vote was a big st2ep towards equality in all walks of life,

Question 7.
Prepare a few slogans on the prevention of wars.
(OR)
Create two slogans on promoting peace.
Answer:

  1. Avoid wars and live peacefully.
  2. Spread the theme of love and uproot hatred.
  3. Respect the feelings of others.
  4. Respect international laws and promote international brotherhood.
  5. Live for good cause and preserve world peace.
  6. Love human beings and promote social progress.

Question 8.
Prepare a pamphlet to creat awareness on the loss incurred due to wars.
Answer:
Pamphlet

Consequences of wars

Wars are occured because of conquering the world and with the aim of exploiting resources of other countries. Some time dominance is the aim spread of ism or ideology is also preceding to wars.

In olden days, if there was a war, only those participating in the war would die, but nowadays very dangerous, poisonous weapons are available. Ordinary civilians also die. In 1945 what ‘ happened In Hiroshima and Nagasaki of Japan. Still some people are facing the consequences.

My request to all the country heads not to clear a way to wars. Better sit together and go for a smoother solution and avoid dangers.

xxx
Publishers.

Copies – 2000.

Question 9.
Observe the timeline and answer the questions.

Beginlng of First World War on August 1 1914
Russian Revolution 1917
End of First World War 1918
Treaty of Versailles 1919
Formation of League of Nations 1919
Rise of Hitler In Germany 1933
Breakout of Second World War 1939
German Invasion of USSR 1942
Formation of United Nations Organization 1945
End of Second World War in August 1945

a) Which year did Russia withdraw from World War -1?
Answer:
Russia withdrew from the World War -1 In 1917.

b) When did Hitler invade Poland?
Answer:
Hitler invaded poland on 1st September, 1939.

Question 10.
Prepare a few slogans on the prevention of wars and the promotion of peace.
Answer:

  1. Avoid wars and live peacefully.
  2. Spread the theme of love and uproot hatred.
  3. Respect the feelings of others.
  4. Respect international laws and promote international brotherhood.
  5. Live for good cause and preserve world peace.
  6. Love human beings and promote social progress.

Question 11.
The world was divided into “the West” which was experiencing economic growth and “the Rest” whose acute backwardness was worsened by colonial exploitation by the West.”
Read the above lines and interpret it.
Answer:

  1. At the beginning of the 20th century, the world experienced two different blocks – the West and the Rest.
  2. “The West” were all those countries like England, USA who were the leading industrial powers and they were experiencing economic growth.
  3. “The Rest” were all the countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
  4. They experienced extreme backwardness.
  5. That backwardness was worsened by the colonial exploitation of these countries by “the West”.
  6. This colonization and imperialism later led to World Wars.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 12.
Read the passage and interpret it.

Aggressive nationalism
The ideology of nationalism was a positive impulse. It was the foundation of modern nation-states and the force behind the unification of Germany and Italy. But this ideology could also be used to create pride in one self and hatred against neighbours. This hatred was slowly building up in the 19th century between the states of Europe.

Answer:

  1. Countries like Germany and Italy were unified in 1870.
  2. Nationalism was an impulse behind unification.
  3. Nationalism developed pride in them.
  4. At the same time “it” developed hatred towards other nation.
  5. This hatred led to aggressive farms like Nazism in Germany and Fascism in Italy.
  6. They challenged other countries.
  7. Finally, this aggressive nationalism led to World War II.

Question 13.
Study the timeline given and answer the following questions.

Begining of First World War on July 28 1914
Russian Revolution 1917
End of First World War 1918
Treaty of Versailles 1919
Formation of League of Nations 1919
Rise of Hitler in Germany 1933
Breakout of Second World War 1939
German invasion of USSR 1941
Formation of United Nations Organization 1945
End of Second World War in August 1945

a) What was the period of World War -1?
Answer:
The period of World War-1 was 1914-18 AD.

b) Name the organizations formed after the World Wars.
Answer:
League of Nations and UNO were formed after the World Wars respectively.

c) Who was responsible for World War – II?
Answer:
Hitler was responsible for World War – II.

d) What was the period of World War – II?
Answer:
The period of World War – II was 1939-45 AD.

Question 14.
Read the map and answer the following questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 5a) Name two countries that did not fall under the German Empire.
Answer:
Portugal, Spain, Turkey and Sweden.

b) Which country belonged to Allied block?
Answer:
England.

Question 15.
Discuss the death and destruction during two World Wars.
(OR)
Wars cause destruction. Prove it.
Answer:

  1. World War I claimed 10 million men.
  2. World War II claimed 22-25 million military casualties.
  3. It also claimed 40-52 million civilian deaths.
  4. It included 6 million Jews killed by Nazis.
  5. It included 1,50,000 to 2,46,000 people were killed immediately by atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan by the USA.
  6. The after-effects like leukaemia, cancer lingered on for decades.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 16.
Imperialism created much stress often leading to wars – Explain.
Answer:

  1. As industrial capital developed in the European countries like Britain, Germany and US, they needed Markets for their products and access to raw materials.
  2. As capital further accumulated in Banks and financial institutions, they looked for safe investment opportunities in colonies.
  3. Thus by the end ofthe 19th century there was a race for colonies between the European powers.
  4. The governments of these countries acted on behalf of their capitalists to increase their areas of influence and reduce the area under their competitors.
  5. As new industrial powers (like Japan, Germany and Italy) emerged they wanted to re-divide the colonies but the old powers were not ready for this.
  6. This created much stress often leading to wars.

Question 17.
What do you know about the Militarism?
Answer:

  1. Militarism is the belief that military might is the best way to ensure security and war is good way to solve problems.
  2. From 1880 to 1914, the military expenditure of the six big powers increased by over 300%.
  3. Three things are noteworthy in the context of militarism. Each of these countries built massive standing armies, competed with each other in increasing their armaments and built a mindset among the people to support wars.
  4. Large industrial complex producing arms emerged which constantly promoted the idea of using war as a solution to diplomatic problems.

Question 18.
How can you say that the League of Nations was failed?
Answer:
Even though it showed a lot of promise and much was expected of it, it failed eventually to prevent Germany and Italy from violating international agreements and attacking other countries. So the World War – II emerged. Hence we can say League of Nations was failed.

Question 19.
What is the change in colonies during and after the World War -1 and II?
Answer:
During the First World War, on the demand of their subjects, the colonialists accepted the principle that self-government is desirable in colonies. With the process of decolonization, after World War II, the colonies rose to independence and hundreds of new countries were born across Asia and Africa.

Question 20.
What were the changes in the map of world?
Answer:
With World War I the German, Austro- Hungarian, Russian and Turkish empires came to an end. The map of eastern and central Europe was redrawn on the basis of nationality, economic viability and military security. When World War II came to an end, the map of the world changed yet again as ex-colonies rose to become independent nations.

Question 21.
Write about the UNO.
Answer:
The United Nations Organisation (UNO) was formed after World War II. UN is a kind of world government based on four principles, viz. preserve peace, uphold human rights, respect international law and promote social progress. It works through organs like UNICEF, UNESCO, WHO, ILO, etc.

Question 22.
Explain the Enfranchisement of women.
Answer:
After a long struggle for political right like the right to vote – British women got these rights in 1918. In the long protracted wars like the World Wars, industrial production and other services are necessary. With men away in the battle fields, more women had to work in factories, shops, offices, voluntary services, hospitals and schools. Beginning with the confidence of being bread winners, women began raising their voice for equality in all walks of life. Getting the right to vote was a big step in that direction.

Question 23.
What was the immediate provocation for World War -1?
Answer:
The immediate provocation for World War – I was the murder on 28th June 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by Serbian fanatic. Austria declared war on Serbia. As Serbia was with Allied Powers the Austrian attack on it led these powers to come to Serbia’s defence. Then the Central Powers, allied to Austria, also joined the war and this Marked the beginning of World War-1.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 24.
What was the immediate provocation for World War – II?
Answer:
The immediate provocation for World War II was the German tanks driving into Poland on September 1,1939. Hitler invaded Poland as punishment for refusing to hand over the port of Danzig to Germany. Polish territory lay between two parts of Germany. Hitler thought the takeover of Poland will also be a small military operation. But Poland had a defence pact with Britain which jumped on to the Polish side and France joined them a day later. This marked the beginning of World War II.

Question 25.
What was the policy of ‘appeasement’ of Hitler?
Answer:
The western capitalist countries like Britain were afraid of the Communist Revolution in other countries of Europe like Russia and initially encouraged Hitler and the Nazis of consolidating themselves to act as a buffer against Soviet Socialism. This was the policy of ‘appeasement’ of Hitler.

Question 26.
“The USA could not become a member of the League of Nations.” Why?
Answer:
The USA could not become a member as the US Congress refused to sanction the proposal of President Woodrow Wilson even though he was very active in the formation of the League.

Question 27.
Write about Industrial capitalism.
Answer:
Industrial capitalism had changed the way of many people earned their livelihood but only in the western countries. Some of these countries, especially Britain, were leading industrial powers but also held vast colonial empires, spread all over the world.

10th Class Social 13th Lesson The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 4 Marks Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What are the causes that lead to the two World Wars? (OR)
Write about the main reasons which are responsible for the two World Wars.
Answer:
I. Aggressive Nationalism:

  1. The Ideology of nationalism was a positive impulse.
  2. Italian Fascism from 1923 and National Socialism of German Nazis were the other forms of aggressive Nazism in destructive mode.

II. Imperialism:

  1. As new industrial powers (like Japan, Germany and Italy) emerged they wanted to redivide the colonies.
  2. This created much stress often leading to wars.

III. Secret alliances:

  1. Triple Alliance and Triple Entente made the European powers jealous and suspicious of one another.

IV. Militarism:

  1. Each country built massive standing armies and competed with each other in increasing armaments.
  2. They built a mindset among the people to support wars.

V. Arms Race :

  1. The race for armaments and stock piling of war materials by all European coun¬tries created tensions in the world.

VI. The Treaty of Versailles :

  1. World War I ended with the conference on Peace at Versailles in 1919.
  2. To weaken Germany, the Treaty of Versailles imposed some territorial penalties and military cuts on its.
  3. Failure of League of Nations was the an-other cause.VII. German challenge to vengeful domination : They wanted to recover the terri¬tories lost by them, in the Treaty of Versailles, restore German dominance over Central Europe and end the restrictions on German armaments.

VIII. Immediate causes:

  1. The immediate cause of First World War was the murder of Ferdinand of Austria.
  2. The immediate cause of Second World War was the Hitler attacked on Poland.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 2.
What were the terms of the “Treaty of Versailles’? Explain at what extent it was caused for outbreak of the Second World War.
Answer:
Treaty of Versailles was an agreement between the victorious countries and Germany signed in 1919 after 1st World War.
Terms of Treaty of Versailles:

  1. Territorial arrangements.
  2. Military clauses
  3. Economic clauses

Treaty of Versailles caused for outbreak of the Second World War:

  1. The vanquished power Germany was not invited to the conference. Hence they thought the treaty was imposed on them, they had no respect responsibility for it.
  2. The treaty aimed to weaken Germany in all aspects like – to return its colonies, reduce military, territorial penalties, huge war indemnity.
  3. This created a reaction in Germany and wanted to recover the territories and restore German dominance over Europe.
  4. Hitler’s invasion on Poland on Sept. 1st – 1939 gave rise to the cause of the 2nd World War.

Question 3.
Observe the following graph and answer the given questions.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 2a
Military expenditure by great powers
(Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain,
Russia, Italy and France 1880-1914)

a) How much was the military expenditure of great powers in 1914?
Answer:
397 Million Pounds

b) What are tripple entente countries?
Answer:
Russia, France and Britain.

c) State the allied powers.
Answer:
Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.

d) How many times, the military expenditure, increased from 1880 to 1914?
Answer:
3 times

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 4.
Observe the information given in the above graph (See Q.No. 3) and write few sentences by analysing it.
Answer:

  1. In 19th century the military expenditure raised slowly.
  2. But during the 20th century, it raised rapidly.
  3. Before the First World War, the expenditure increased to its maximum level.
  4. Within four years i.e., between 1910¬1914 the expenditure raised nearly by 109 million pounds.
  5. In the decade of 1880-1890, the raise of expenditure was 26 million pounds only.

Question 5.
Observe the graph and answer the questions given below:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 1

  1. What does the above graph explain?
    Answer:
    This graph explained about War related deaths from 1500-1999.
  2. In which period, war related deaths were more?
    Answer:
    From 1900 -1999.
  3. In which century, “deaths per 1000 people” were low?
    Answer:
    In 16th century
  4. Give two suggestions to prevent wars?
    Answer:

    1. We can prevent wars by adopting a policy of mutual co-existence and respecting the sovereignty of other countries.
    2. Disputes between countries should be settled peacefully by talks.

Question 6.
How did the idea of Nationalism lead to the World Wars?
(OR)
How did the idea of Nation-states and Nationalism influence desire for war during 20th century?
Answer:
Nationalism is a belief, creed or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with or becoming attached to one’s nation.

  1. The ideology of nationalism was a positive impulse.
  2. It was the foundation of modern nation states.
  3. But later it became aggressive nationalism.
  4. It is used to create pride in oneself and hatred against neighbors.
  5. Fascists in Italy tried to build images of victories with it.
  6. Nazis of Germany mobilised Germans against other nations of Europe.
  7. These incidents led to World War.
  8. Thus, we can say the idea of nation-states and nationalism influenced the desire for war during World Wars.’

Question 7.
Observe the given Europe map and answer the following question.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 6List out the Axis Power group and Central Allies group.
Answer:

Axis Powers Allied Powers
Austria USSR
Germany Romania
Turkey Britain
Bulgaria France
Italy USA
Japan Poland

Question 8.
What are the important developments that took place in the first half of the 20th century? Explain any two of them.
(OR)
“The 20th century was a period of great expectations, experiments and dangerous developments.” – Justify.
Answer:

  1. Eric Hobsbawm, a historian, called the 20th century ‘The Age of Extremes’.
  2. Politically, the world saw shoots of democratic aspirations grow amidst the rise of Fascist domination which fostered ideologies of unquestioned power and hatred for other people.
  3. Literacy levels and average life expectancy grew immensely for all.
  4. New forms of art like movies emerged.
  5. Scientific knowledge rose to new heights unlocking the secrets of atom and life.
  6. Women, who constitute half the world’s population, got their right to vote in this period, starting with the West.
  7. Literally more than a hundred nations walked to independence and freedom across the world.
  8. This was also an age of great experimentation as people strove to build socialist societies based on the principles of equality and fraternity or alternatively a liberal democracy based on political liberty and capitalist economy.
  9. But the same period saw the “Great Depression” causing massive unemployment and economic breakdown and two World Wars in which millions died and the lives of many more millions were dislocated.
  10. Hence, the 20th century was a period of great expectations, experiments and dangerous developments.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 9.
Observe the below graph and answer the following questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 2a

  1. In which year, the military expenditure was high? Why?
    Answer:
    In the year of 1914 the military expenditure was high because the year is the beginning of World War -1.
  2. How would the armaments race impact the progress of a country?
    Answer:

    1. Armaments race was not only brought new technology into the world but also brushed a wave of nerves.
    2. It crease tension among the nations.
    3. Some countries developed very well with production and sale of arms, but some are destroyed by other nations with these arms.

Question 10.
What steps would you suggest to prevent these World Wars among the countries?
(OR)
Suggest some measures to protect World peace.
(OR)
Suggest measures to prevent wars between countries.
Answer:
To prevent World Wars, all the countries on the earth must follow the following steps.

  1. The countries one and all should give up their attitude of aggressive nationalism.
  2. Every country should be ready to disarmamentation of herself.
  3. All the countries should promise to stop the usage of nuclear and chemical weapons.
  4. Every country should be committed to development, not but to arms race.
  5. Every country should respect the sovereignty and integrity of all other countries.
  6. Every country should pledge not to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.
  7. Countries must negotiate or go to International Court of Justice in case of disputes, but not to resort to wars.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 11.
Eric Hobsbawm, a historian, called the 20th century a period of great expectations, experiments and dangerous developments. Justify the statement with the help of suitable examples.
Answer:
Eric Hobsbawm, a historian, called the 20th century ‘The Age of Extremes’.Politically, the world saw shoots of democratic aspirations grow amidst the rise of Fascist domination which fostered ideologies of unquestioned power and hatred for other people. Literacy levels and average life expectancy grew immensely for all. New forms of art like movies emerged. Scientific knowledge rose to new heights unlocking the secrets of atom and life. Women, who constitute half the world’s population, got their right to vote in this period, starting with the West. Literally more than a hundred nations walked to independence and freedom across the world. This was also an age of great experimentation as people strove to build socialist societies based on the principles of equality and fraternity or alternatively a liberal democracy based on political liberty and a capitalist economy. But the same period saw the “Great Depression” causing massive unemployment and the economic breakdown and two World Wars in which millions died and the lives of many more millions were dislocated. Hence, the 20th century was a period of great expectations, experiments and dangerous developments.

Question 12.
Observe the graph and answer the questions:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 1a) How many people die in wars in the 16th century?
b) From the graph, what is the trend of war deaths?
c) In which century highest number of war related deaths were recorded? Why?
Answer:
a) 1.6 million people were died in wars in 16th century.
b) Above graph explains trend of war death are gradually increasing.
c) In 20th century a highest number of war related deaths were recorded. Because two World Wars were held in that century only.

Question 13.
Read the paragraph and answer the following question.

To weaken Germany, the Treaty of Versailles imposed some territorial penalties and military cuts on it Firstly, Germans were asked to return their colonies in Africa occupied in the 1880s and European areas like Alsace and Lorraine which they occupied from France in 1871. Secondly, Germany was asked to pull down its army strength to 100,000from 900,000 during World War I.
It was also asked not to have submarines and restrict its naval strength to six battleships of less than 10,000 tonnes and a dozen torpedo boats and destroyers each.

Do you think the Second World War could have been avoided if the victorious powers had been more considerate towards Germany in 1919?
Answer:

  1. The peace treaty after 1st World War imposed inhumane and humiliating terms on Germany.
  2. Germans thought that the Treaty of Versailles was a diktat imposed on them.
  3. Germans were asked to return colonies like Alsace and Lorraine.
  4. Germans were asked to pull down its army strength to 1 lakh from 9 lakhs.
  5. It was asked not to have submarines and restrictions were imposed on its naval strength.
  6. These humiliating terms of Treaty of Versailles led to the rise of Hitler.
  7. He recovered all the territories lost due to Treaty of Versailles.
  8. Hence we can conclude that the Second World War could have been avoided if the victorious powers had been more considerate towards Germany.

(OR)

  1. The Peace Treaty after First World War posed in-human and humiliating terms on Germany.
  2. It definitely was one of the reasons for the Second World War.
  3. But the victorious countries were more considerate towards Germany in 1919, would not have avoided the Second Warld War.
  4. Countries like Germany, Italy and Japan were driven by Fascist superior feelings and wanted to have control over the world.
  5. Keeping aside Germany, Italy and Japan joined the war only to serve their colonial interests and show the domination they enjoy the range of arms and military arrangements they have made, we cannot think of not happening of Second World War.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 14.
Study the following graph and answer the questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 1a) What does the above graph represent?
Answer:

  1. The first bar column tells us the total number of deaths recorded during the century.
  2. The 2nd bar column tells us the proportionate death due to wars.

b) Which century experienced decrease in the proportionate death rate?
Answer:
1700-1799 experienced a decrease in the proportionate death rate, i.e., from 11.2 in 1600-1699 to 9.7 in 1700-1799.

c) Why were the war related deaths high between 1900-1999?
Answer:
The world experienced two World Wars between 1900-1999. Hence the war-related deaths were high.

d) Compare 16th century with that of 20th century.
Answer:
Less than four people out of thousand died in the 16th century while it rose to 44.4 in the last century, i.e., nearly 4.5% of people died.

Question 15.
Observe the following graph and answer the questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 2aa) What do you know from the graph?
Answer:
The graph shows that the military expenditure of the great countries has been increasing since 1880.

b) In which year were the weapons prepared in large scale?
Answer:
During 1914, the weapons were prepared in large scale.

c) Why did the expense on soldiers increase for every 10 years?
Answer:
The Governments spent much expenses on soldiers to increase their area of influence and to reduce the areas under their competitors.

d) What are the countries that spend more money on weapons?
Answer:
Countries like Germany, Great Britain, Russia, Italy and France were some countries that spend more money on weapons.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 16.
Observe the timeline chart and answer the following questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 7a) What was the immediate cause of World War-ll?
Answer:
Invasion of Poland by Germany was the immediate cause of World War-II.

b) When did the USA enter in World War – II?
Answer:
The USA joined the World War-ll on the 8th of December 1941.

c) Who was responsible for World War – II?
Answer:
Hitler, who became the Chancellor of Germany on 1933, was responsible for World War – II.

d) Why did mass murder of Jews take place in 1941?
Answer:
As the war proceeded the Nazi regime unfolded its horrible programme of building the racial supremacy of Germans by mass extermination of minority communities. Hence mass murder of Jews took place.

Question 17.
Write about the formation of UNO. On which principles it was based?
Answer:

  1. After World War II United Nations Organisation was formed.
  2. It was founded on 24 October 1945.
  3. It is a kind of world government.
  4. It was based on four principles viz.
    Preserve world peace, uphold human rights, respect international law and promote social progress.
  5. It works through many organs.
  6. It has played a major role in preserving world peace.

Question 18.
Describe women’s fight for Right to vote. (Or) Women were discriminated even in “Right to vote.” Justify.
Answer:

  1. In the long protracted wars like World Wars, industrial production and other services were necessary.
  2. With men away in the battle fields, more women had to work in factories, shops, offices, voluntary services, hospitals and schools.
  3. Beginning with confidence of being bread-winners, women began raising their voice for equality in all walks of life.
  4. They established ‘International Women’s Suffragist Movement organization in 1914 for right to vote.
  5. After a long struggle for political right like right to vote-British women got them in 1918.
  6. Getting the right to vote was a big step towards equality in all walks of life.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

Question 19.
Eric Hobsbawm called 20th century as ‘The Age of Extremes’. How far do you agree with it?
Answer:

  1. I do agree with his statement.
  2. Politically, there were monarchies, Fascist dominations, colonies, democratic movements and independent countries in hundreds, during this period.
  3. Scientifically, unlocked secrets of atom and life.
  4. New forms of art, cinema emerged.
  5. Women got right to vote.
  6. Socialist societies, liberal democracies are formed.
  7. Great depression caused mass unemployment and economic breakdown.
  8. Millions died and many more millions dislocated in two World Wars.
  9. World governments like United Nations were formed.
  10. Thus, this is the ‘Age of Extremes’.

Question 20.
Locate the following countries on the outline map of world.

  1. Austria
  2. Serbia
  3. Japan
  4. China
  5. USA
  6. USSR
  7. France
  8. England
  9. Germany
  10. Italy
  11. Hungary
  12. Turkey
  13. Bulgeria
  14. Rumenia
  15. India.

Answer:
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 8

Question 21.
Locate the following in the given map of the World.

  1. The country is the responsible for World War -1.
    Answer: Germany
  2. The capital or Russia.
    Answer: Moscow
  3. The Treaty of Versailles was held in the country.
    Answer: France
  4. The capital of America.
    Answer:
    Washington D.C.
  5. This country declare war on Serbia.
    Answer: Austria
  6. In 1948 UNO created a country for Jewish people.
    Answer: Israel
  7. Angola
  8. China
  9. Egypt
  10. Myanmar
  11. New York

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I 9

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 13 The World Between Wars 1900-1950 Part I

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions