AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

AP State Syllabus SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions 11th Lesson Food Security

10th Class Social 11th Lesson Food Security 1 Mark Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What are the two ways which you would suggest for the eradication of malnutrition among the children?
Answer:
My suggestions:

  1. Sufficient food should be given to children.
  2. Children should be given nutritious food with low cost.

Question 2.
What is the active role of the judiciary in implementing food security in India? How is this role useful to children?
Answer:
In recent time, the Indian Judiciary also has become pro-active in ensuring food security. Through judicial verdict on court cases filed by non-governmental organizations, the Supreme Court directed all the state governments and central government to provide Mid-day-meals to all the young children studying in schools. The court also set up monitoring mechanisms and provided suggestions for better Implementation.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 3.
What is meant by Minimum Support Price (MSP)?
Answer:

  1. MSP: Minimum Support Price is a form of market intervention by the Govern¬ment of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fail in farm prices.
  2. With this price the government procures food grains through the FCI.

Question 4.
Give any two examples for ‘Nutricereals.
Answer:
Examples for the Nutri-cereals are

  1. Jowar,
  2. Ragi,
  3. Bajra.

Question 5.
Give any two examples, which give vitamins.
Answer:
Fruits, Leafy vegetables, sprouts, unpolished rice, etc.

Question 6.
Expand the term F.C.I.
Answer:
Food Corporation of India.

Question 7.
What is the reason for providing mid-day meals in government schools?
Answer:

  1. To increase the literacy rate in India and enroll more children in schools.
  2. To provide one meal for all the poor young children studying in government schools.

Question 8.
Write any two reasons for better implementation of the Public Distribution System in southern states.
Answer:
A universal Public Distribution System is there in southern states. Specific cards are issued to the needy people. Low cost foodgrains are available for them in the ration shops.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 9.
What is the need of food security?
Answer:
Food security is needed for various purposes. The main purpose of food security is ‘no person should go to bed with an empty stomach’.

Question 10.
Which caused large scale starvation deaths in pre-independent India?
Answer:
In pre-independent India, famines – situations of extreme scarcity of food, were a common cause of large-scale starvation deaths.

Question 11.
What was the loss of the Bengal famine?
Answer:
The Bengal famine in 1943-45, took away about 3 to 5 million people lives in and around Bengal, Assam and Orissa.

Question 12.
Why did the famines occur in Indian history?
Answer:
The famines occurred in Indian history because food grains supply was not organized by the rulers.

Question 13.
Name some organizations through which government today ensures food security.
Answer:
Ration shops and Anganwadis.

Question 14.
What is an important requirement of food security?
Answer:
Producing a sufficient amount of foodgrains is an important requirement of food security.

Question 15.
What are the results of this method?
Answer:
Soil degradation and depletion of groundwater resources.

Question 16.
How is the availability of foodgrains per person per day estimated?
Answer:
It is estimated as follows:
Availability of foodgrains per person per day = (Availability of foodgrains for the year T population)/ 365

Question 17.
What do consumers need?
Answer:
Consumers need a diverse food basket and a balanced diet.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 18.
What can farmers do to increase their incomes?
Answer:
Farmers producing foodgrains can go in for crop diversification in order to increase their incomes.

Question 19.
Give any one reason for farmers’ distress and even suicides.
Answer:
The conversation of food grain fields into cash crops such as cotton in Andhra Pradesh during the last two decades.

Question 20.
What do the nutritionists suggest?
Answer:
Nutritionists suggest that every person in India should eat 300 gms of vegetables and 100 grams of fruits in a day whereas per person availability of these food materials 180 and 58 gms respectively.

Question 21.
What do farmers require?
Answer:
Farmers require support in terms of inputs and market opportunities for diversification to other food items. They may have to. be supported and guarded against market risks that they face in the new situation.

Question 22.
Why may the foodgrain production come down?
Answer:
Since resources are diverted to non-food grain uses, foodgrain production may come down.

Question 23.
What is something to be worried about for India’s food security?
Answer:
The decline in the level of per capita availa¬bility of food grains is something to be worried about for India’s food security.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 24.
How are the national average calorie levels?
Answer:
The national average calorie levels in both rural and urban areas are below the needed calorie requirements.

Question 25.
What are used to examine the nutritional status of children?
Answer:
To examine the nutritional status of children, simple but accurate measurements of height and weight are used.

Question 26.
Why is buffer stock created by the government?
Answer:
Buffer stock has been created to meet any exigencies. The buffer stock can be utilized in case of drought or flood or any natural calamity.

Question 27.
What are Fair price shops?
Answer:
The ration shops which come under the PDS are called fair price shops.

Question 28.
Write short notes on MSP.
Answer:
MSP means Minimum Supportive Price. The FCI procures foodgrains and other farm produce by giving MSP for their produce. This ensures farmers of a minimum guarantee for their produce.

Question 29.
How many grams of vegetables and fruits every person eat a day?
Answer:
Every person in India should eat 300 grams of vegetables and 100 grams of fruits in a day.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 30.
Today what are called as “nutri-cereals”?
Answer:
The coarse cereals like jowar, ragi, bajra, etc., are today called as nutri-cereals.

Question 31.
What is meant by PDS system?
Answer:
PDS system means the government supplying low-cost foodgrains to people with ration cards.

Question 32.
What is meant by Nutrition Food?
Answer:
Nutritious food is that food that provides for energy, growth and capacity to remain healthy and fight illness.

Question 33.
How is BMI derived?
Answer:
BMI = Weight in legs/height in meters squared.

10th Class Social 11th Lesson Food Security 2 Marks Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
The Indian government came out with a new law in 2013 called the National Food Security Act to legalize people’s right to food. What do you suggest to implement this Act?
Answer:
My suggestions:

  1. Subsidy rice should be given to the people of the low-income group.
  2. More rice should be given to very poor people.
  3. Dal, oil, tamarind and jaggery, etc. also should be supplied to these people through PDS.
  4. MDM scheme should be implemented with more efforts.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 2.
Our country could not achieve self-sufficiency in the production of foodgrains even today. Illustrate your reasons.
Answer:

  1. Foodgrain production is not proportional when compared to the rate of population growth.
  2. There is no proper water management.
  3. Farmers are following traditional methods.
  4. Fragmentation of landholdings.
  5. Improper manuring and low application of fertilizers.

Question 3.
State any two defects, which you find in the organization of the Public Distribution System.
Answer:

  1. Selling with higher prices.
  2. Cheating in the process of weighing.
  3. Selling ration goods in the black markets.
  4. Ineligible candidates holding white cards.
  5. Only few days distribution is following.

Question 4.
If the food grain production is affected because of natural calamity, in what ways can the Government ensure higher availability of food grains?
Answer:

  1. The FCI releases the buffer stock.
  2. By bringing supplies from other areas.
  3. Through a universal PDS system, low-cost food grains would be available.
  4. The Anthyodaya Cardholders are entitled to get 35 Kgs. of food grains per month per family.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 5.
“The Supreme Court of India directed to all the state governments and central government to provide mid-day-meal to the children studying in all schools.”
Prepare a pamphlet on better implementation of the Mid-day-meal program.
Answer:
Pamphlet on Mid-day-meal programme.

  1. Foodgrains available in local areas are to be used.
  2. Follow the menu regularly that meets the need of nutritional requirements of the children.
  3. Cooking in clean and hygienic environment.
  4. Involvement of staff and children for effective implementation.

Question 6.
Appreciate the benefits of the Mid-day meal programme implemented in Government schools.
Answer:

  1. It ensures food security.
  2. It provides nutritious food.
  3. It helps to increase net attendance rate.

Question 7.
Write suggestions to avoid food waste in Mid-day meal in your school.
Answer:

  1. Meals cooked should be tasty and healthy.
  2. Children should be educated on the consequences of food wastage.
  3. Teachers should supervise the programme.

Question 8.
Observe the bar diagram and answer the questions.
AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security 1a) What percentage of people in rural India are consuming more calories than are required?
Answer:
20%
b) What is the reason for consuming less calories than are required in rural India?
Answer:

  1. The major reason for low-calorie intake is the lack of purchasing power of the people.
  2. People don’t have adequate incomes to buy food.
  3. The reasons are poverty, unemployment, etc.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 9.
What are the measures you suggest for improving the present public distribution system?
Answer:
Suggestions:

  1. Provide ration cards only to the poor and vulnerable groups.
  2. Check every month whether they are rationed in an effective manner or not.
  3. Quantity supplied by the government should be increased.
  4. Remove the fake cards.

Question 10.
Analyze a week’s food habits of your family. And write how it impacts on Agriculture sector and the environment.
Answer:
Family food habits:

  1. Rice and redgram, vegetables, milk, curd, eggs, etc.
  2. For breakfast – idly, dosa, chapati, etc.
  3. Sometimes some members take non-vegetarian food.

Impact on agriculture:

  1. For increase of food grains and vegetables production farmers are using pesticides and fertilizers. Due to this soil loses its fertility.
  2. For increasing of milk production farmers follow artificial methods. Those methods cause harm to animals.

Impact on the environment:

  1. Excessive use of chemicals causes water, air pollutions.
  2. Bio-diversity is effected very highly.
  3. Deforestation.

Question 11.
Write a letter to the concerned officer for the proper implementation of the Public Distribution System in your area.
Answer:

Siricilla.
31st March 2017.

To
The Tasildar,
Mandal Revenue Office,
Siricilla.

Sub: PDS – irregular functioning of ration shop in our locality – Request for take action to regularize the functioning of the shop -reg.

Respected sir,

I am from Subhashnagar, Siricilla. I would like to bring the following to your notice and favourable action. The ration shop under the Public Distribution System running in our locality is not functioning well.

In our locality the ration shop is always kept closed. Many cardholders come eager to get their commodities. As the shop is closed they return scolding the government and the dealer. They are going to open market and purchase their commodities there. They lose the wages for that day also. Very often the shop is open but not all the commodities are given. Sometimes they are collecting more prices. Kerosene is being sold in open market.

Hence I request you to take necessary action to regulate the functioning of the ration shop and make it useful to the rural poor people. By doing so, the real purpose of PDS is served. I hope you take immediate and favourable action.

Thanking you sir,

Yours truly,
………………….
………………….
………………….

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security 2

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 12.
Prepare a pamphlet to bring awareness among the people on food security in India
Answer:
Pamphlet

Food Security in India

National Food Security Act 2013 legalizes the people’s right to food. According to this Act White, Pink, Anthyodaya cards are distributed to the needy on identification. Free cooked meal for pregnant women, lactating mothers, children 1-5 in Anganwadi is supplied.

Many ration shops are not open on proper timings. There will be no display of prices list and the stock of commodities. The card holders come to ration shops, and as they are closed, they get back to their home without commodities. They lose their wages for that day also. The shop dealers are diverting commodities to other shops in the market. Many times it is seen in newspapers and channels but no change is found with the dealers.

Mid day meals in schools is also like that. The minimum quantity of pulses and oil are not used. The watery curries are served. No one cares about it.

People should get aware about this. Many non Government organizations are working for the benefit of society. The government should organize a campaign about this.

No. of copies
5000

Published by
Society for people

Question 13.
What is the position of India’s per capita availability of foodgrains compared to other countries?
Answer:

  1. India’s per capita availability of foodgrains in 2010-11 was 463 grams.
  2. It was very low when compared to the same of countries in Europe (700grams) and USA (850 grams).
  3. Since resources are diverted to non-foodgrain uses, food grain production has come down.
  4. The decline in the level of per capita availability of foodgrains is something to be worried about for India’s food security.
  5. To avoid this, the policy of the government should aim to increase the production of foodgrains and other types of food simultaneously.

Question 14.
Read the passage and answer the question.

The State and Central Governments procure nearly one-third of foodgrains from farmers. These food grains are distributed to people through various mechanisms. In recent times, government agencies are procuring more foodgrains than what is required to meet the public distribution system. If government stocks keep increasing year after year, less is available (see year 2011 in Table on foodgrain availability). The government has been criticized that it is not distributing these foodgrains to the needy people. Sometimes, governments also exported these foodgrains to other countries.

Do you support this, when a large section of people within the country are not able to access to food grains?
Answer:

  1. The state government should procure foodgrains to distribute through PDS at lower prices.
  2. Needs of our people are to be considered.
  3. So I do not support the concept of exporting foodgrains to foreign countries.
  4. Instead, the foodgrains should be kept available to the needy of our country.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 15.
Read the passage and answer the question

“The prevalence of chronic energy deficiency (BMI<18.5) among men was about 35%, while overweight/obesity (BMI >25) was 10% …….
“About 35% of adult women had chronic energy deficiency andl4% were overweight/obese.
The prevalence of chronic energy deficiency was highest in the States of Odisha, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, followed by 33-38% in Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal…”

How is this related to food security?
Answer:

  1. The above information says that 35% of adult women had chronic energy deficiency.
  2. The prevalence of CED in our state is between 33% and 38%.
  3. The above information proves that people do not have access to good food.
  4. Hence “food security” should be implemented to avoid chronic energy deficiency.

Question 16.
How is food security ensured in India?
Answer:
Food security is being ensured in India by using the following methods:

  1. By improving production
  2. By maintaining buffer stock
  3. By the Public Distribution System.

Question 17.
What has to be done in order to increase the per hectare yield of a crop?
Answer:

  1. In order to increase the per hectare yield of a crop, necessary inputs have to provided in a judicious manner.
  2. One way is to expand irrigation but use water in a manner so that this vital resource is shared and made available to all.
  3. Modern methods of farming are to adopted.

Question 18.
Which have led to a continuous but unsustainable increase in the yield levels?
Answer:
Some scientists and people working in the field of agriculture report that the way rice and wheat are cultivated in India by intensive and unscientific application of chemical fertilizers and insecticides have led to a continuous but unsustainable increase in the yield levels.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 19.
How is the availability of foodgrains for the year estimated?
Answer:
It is estimated as follows.
Availability of foodgrains for the year = Production of foodgrains during the year (production – seed, feed and wastage) + net imports (imports-exports)-change in stocks with the government (closing stock at the year end – opening stock at the beginning)

Question 20.
Write your comments on the Food Security Bill.
Answer:
The Food Security Bill promises to alleviate hunger and guarantee very cheap food to India’s poor people. But there are concerns it has not been properly thought through and become unsustainable.
Under the programme everyone who qualifies for the subsidy will be entitled to 5 kg in total of rice, wheat, etc. The government intends to use the PDS for delivering subsidies to the poor.

Question 21.
Write your comments on P.D.S.
Answer:
The Public Distribution System (PDS) has helped in stabilizing food prices and making food available to consumers at affordable prices. It has helped in avoiding hunger and famine by supplying food from surplus regions of the country to deficient regions. The share of PDS in the consumption of rice and wheat has risen steeply. I think this PDS is working effectively throughout the nation.

10th Class Social 11th Lesson Food Security 4 Marks Important Questions and Answers

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 1.
Read the given paragraph and answer the question.

Studies indicate that Southern states of India have a good record in the public distribution system. Notably, these are the states that have followed a universal PDS system which means that low cost food grains would be available to all. This Is in contrast to other states where poor families have been Identified and foodgrains are sold to at different prices to poor and non-poor. Even among the poor, the very poor have different entitlements, or guarantees for access.

Interpret the relation between the PDS and food security.
Answer:

  1. People get food grains at reasonable prices through public distribution system.
  2. The government ensures it through Food Corporation of India.
  3. The Government should take suitable measures to reduce lapses in distribution and ensures benefit to the target groups.
  4. The various concepts of PDS like Anganwadis. Mid-day meals and fair price shops etc., provide food security to the different low income groups.

Thus there is a close relation between the PDS and food security.

Question 2.
Read the following paragraph and write your opinion on it.

“While Indian Parliament enacts various laws such as National Food Security Act and implements schemes such as Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) in recent times, the Indian Judiciary also has become pro-active in ensuring food security. Through Judicial verdict as court cases filed by non-governmental organizations, the Supreme Court directed all the state governments and central government to provide mid-day meals to all the young children studying in schools.

Answer:

  1. The Indian government came out with a new law in 2013 called ‘the National Food Security Act1 to legalise people’s Right to Food.
  2. It applies to approximately 2/3rd of the population of India.
  3. Every person of low income families is entitled to 5kgs of foodgrains per month at subsidised rates.
  4. The poorest families are entitled to 35 kgs of foodgrains.
  5. For a few years, the central government supply rice, wheat and millets for Rs. 3/-, Rs. 2/- and Rs. 1/- respectively.
  6. If the government is not able to arrange foodgrains, It will give cash for the people to buy food grains.
  7. Providing free cooked meals for pregnant women, lactating mothers, children aged 1-6 coming to anganwadis and mid-day meals for children aged 6-14 years in schools.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 3.
Observe the given table and answer the question that follows.
Crop Production (Kilograms per Hectare)

Crop 1950 – 1951 2000 – 2001
Paddy 668 1901
Wheat 655 2708
Pulses 441 544
Oilseeds 481 810
Cotton 88 190
Jute 1043 2026

Write an analysis on the yielding trends of different crops.
Answer:

  1. The above table explains the crop production in 1950-51 and 2000-2001 kgs per hectare.
  2. Paddy production increases highly, wheat production also increased. Pulses production increased 100 kgs only. Oil seeds production increased double. Cotton production also increased double. Jute production also increased.

Due to Green Revolution, crop production increased gradually within the 50 years. Among the all wheat & paddy production increased because of both are benefited with Green Revolution. Food grain production also increased.

Question 4.
How far is ‘Food Security’ required today in India?
Answer:
Due to the increase of more population food security Is need nowadays. The following factors are responsible.

  1. Per person availability of food grain has actually not rise but declined in the recent years.
  2. Most people are in fact consuming fewer calories than required. This gap is severe for the poorest.
  3. Lack of employment or with low salaries majority of people are not able to purchase require food grains.
  4. In some areas PDS system is not working properly.
  5. A large section of people are malnourished, even when we have adequate food in the country.
  6. Majority of children and adults as being underweight in a chronic way.

On above issues food security is need today.

Question 5.
Observe the information given in the table and analyse.
Table: Per person availability of food grains in India

Year Population (in millions) Food grains production (in million tonnes) Per person availability per day (grams)
1951 361 50.8 395
1961 439 82 469
1971 548 108.4 469
1991 846 176.4 510
2011 1210 232.07 454

Answer:
Table Analysis:

  1. In 1951 the population of India was 361 million and the food grains production was 50.8 million and 395 grams of food grains were available to a person per a day.
  2. The population increased in 1961. It was 78 million. At the same time food grains production increased 32 million tons. The availability of food grains per person per a day was 469 grams.
  3. In 1971,1991 and 2011 the population increased. At the same time the food grains production also increased. But in 1961,1971 the availability of food grains was the same; not increased.
  4. From 1991 to 2011 the availability of food grains decreased due to floods, famines, natural calamities. More population was also another cause.

Till 1991 the population, food grains production and availability of food grains per person per day increased. But in 2011 only the population and food grains production increased. Availability of food grains drastically decreased.

The first requirement for a country is to be able to produce food grains for the whole population. Per person availability of food grains should be sufficient and also increasing over the years. From the information given above, it is evident that per person availability of food grains is decreasing since 2011.

So Government should take necessary measures in this regard. It should encourage farmers to produce more food grains. There should be control on exports also. Sometimes local people suffer for food grains but the government exports the food grains to other countries to import what they need. It is the minimum duty of the welfare government to keep food grains available to its people that to especially the poor.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 6.
Analyse how the Public Distribution System provides access to food to the poor?
Answer:
It is a joint responsibility of central government, state government and union territory administration to ensure the smooth functioning of the PDS.

While the responsibility of central government is to procure, store and transport it from purchase points to central godowns, the responsibility of state government and union territory administrations is to lift these commodities from the central godowns and distribute them to consumers through the network of fair price shops. FCI procures and distributes foodgrains, to provide subsidized food to the poor to mitigate regional inequalities through moving the surplus food to deficit areas and to stabilize agricultural prices.

The universal coverage of PDS was replaced by Targeted Real Public Distribution System in 1997 in order to achieve the objective of food security through sale of foodgrains to APL householders at economic cost and confirming the food subsidy bill toward the identified BPL families whose number crossed 97 million families in 2007.

Access to food through Public Distribution System :

  1. National Food Security Act legalizes people’s right to food.
  2. It is applicable to 2/3rd of the population of India.
  3. PDS ensures the availability of foodgrains to the poor at subsidized rates.
  4. Antyodaya cardholders are entitled to get 35 kgs of foodgrains (rice or wheat) per month per family.
  5. Every person of low-income families is entitled to 5 kilograms of foodgrains per month at subsidized rates.
  6. 75% of people living in rural areas purchase foodgrains through PDS.
  7. 50% of the urban population purchases foodgrains through PDS.
  8. PDS helps in maintaining the nutrition status of the people.
  9. Studies indicate that the southern states of India have a good record in PDS.

Question 7.
What would be the impact of the availability of other food items and food security?
Answer:

  1. It is said that there is a change in consumption pattern with people demanding more fruits, vegetables, milk, meat, poultry and fisheries.
  2. This is a good sign for the consumers as well as producers.
  3. Farmers producing foodgrains can go in for crop diversification in order to increase their incomes.
  4. Farmers require support in terms of inputs and market opportunities for diversification to other food items.
  5. Over the years, although there has been increasing in the production of other food items, it is not sufficient to meet the minimum dietary requirements.
  6. The policies should aim at increasing food crop production and other food items simultaneously.
  7. It will fill the gap and make food security more viable.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 8.
What are the salient features of Food Security Bill?
Answer:

  1. The Indian government came out with a new law in 2013 called ‘the National Food Security Act’ to legalise people’s Right to Food.
  2. It applies to approximately 2/3rd of the population of India.
  3. Every person of low-income families is entitled to 5kgs of foodgrains per month at subsidised rates.
  4. The poorest families are entitled to 35 kgs of foodgrains.
  5. For a few years, the central government supply rice, wheat and millets for Rs. 3/-, Rs. 2/- and Rs. 1/- respectively.
  6. If government is not able to arrange foodgrains, it will give cash for the people to buy foodgrains.
  7. Providing free cooked meals for pregnant women, lactating mothers, children aged 1-6 coming to anganwadis and mid-day meals for children aged 6-14 years in schools.

Question 9.
Why do we require food? How do we classify the food that we consume?
Answer:

  1. Food is required by the body for all its functions for energy, growth and the capacity to remain healthy and fight illness.
  2. The food that we consume is normally classified as –
    1. Carbohydrates: that provide energy, through wheat, rice, ragi, jo war, oils, sugar, fats, etc.
    2. Proteins: that help growth and regeneration of body tissues through beans, dais, meat, eggs, rice, wheat, etc.
    3. Vitamins: that provide protection and ensure the working of many vital systems of the body through foods such as fruits, leafy vegetables, sprouts, unpolished rice, etc.
    4. Minerals are required in small quantities for many important functions such as iron and blood formation. This is provided through green leafy vegetables, ragi, etc.

Question 10.
Read the following paragraph and write your comments.
It is also important to ensure that soil and other natural resources are not damaged or depleted in the process. Some scientists and people working in the field of agriculture report that the way rice and wheat are cultivated in India – by intensive and unscientific application of chemical fertilizers and insecticides – have led to a continuous but unsustainable Increase in the yield levels. In fact, these methods have led to soil degradation and depletion of ground water resources. If this continues, we may soon come to a situation that yields start falling rather than going up.
Answer:

  1. The given paragraph says that improper usage of chemical fertilizers and insecticides causes for damage of cultivable soil and depletion of ground water levels.
  2. If these methods are followed continuously there will be no ground water resources.
    My comments on this paragraph are as follows:
  3. The population is growing day by day.
  4. Cultivable land is not increasing in that proportion.
  5. The food grain production is to be increased.
  6. A part of green revolution it has become compulsory for the farmers to use fertilizers and pesticides to grow more crops.
  7. Instead of using chemical fertilizers, the farmers should use go for organic farming.
  8. Compost is to be encouraged. Multiple cropping is also one alternate.
  9. Cultivable land is to be expanded by changing the wastelands as farming lands.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 11.
Read the following paragraph and interpret.

If a country is to able to produce food grains for the whole of its population this would be considered as the first requirement. How do we measure whether if there is food for all ? Whether this food reaches families would be examined later. We are at first estimating what is available. This means that per person (or per capita) availability of foodgrains in the country should be sufficient and also increased over the years. Is the increase in foodgrain availability really happening?

Answer:

  1. According to the paragraph every country should produce the foodgrains how much it needs.
  2. Every country should examine two things.
  3. The first one is how much foodgrains are produced in the country and the second one is how it is reaching to the people.
  4. Many countries don’t concentrate on this sensitive issue.
  5. It is very primary thing to look into the matter of food grain production and its availability.
  6. When the production is less than the need or demand, automatically the prices go up.
  7. Government should encourage the farmers to produce more foodgrains.
  8. There should be control on exports also.

Question 12.
Read the following paragraph and write your opinion on it.

It Is said that there Is a change In consumption pattern with people demanding more fruits, vegetables, milk, meat, poultry and fisheries. This Is a good sign for the consumers as well as producers. Consumers need a diverse food basket and a balanced diet. Farmers producing food grains can go In for crop diversification In order to increase their Incomes.

Answer:

  1. The paragraph says that the people demand different types of food like vegetarian and non-vegetarian food.
  2. Taking this type of food is a good sign.
  3. By utilizing this diverse food, the people maintain good health.
  4. Where Is a lot of gap between the production of foodgrains and its availability.
  5. The pattern mentioned in this paragraph is good for health but the problem is its availability.
  6. The access of food is very less when it is compared to the Nutritionists suggestions.
  7. In Agriculture, there is a shift from food crops to commercial crops.
  8. Many farmers are concentrating on commercial crops.
  9. Consequently, there will be scarcity of foodgrains.
  10. Food grains are to be grown to what extent it is necessary.

Question 13.
Read the following paragraph and write your comments.

The national average calorie levels In both rural and urban areas are below the needed calorie requirements. Also, the consumption of calories has gone down between 1983 and 2004. This Is shocking since as we have seen our economy Is growing at a rapid rate. Production of goods and services has Increased many times.

Answer:

  1. This paragraph tells us that the people in rural and urban areas are not taking sufficient calories intake in their diet.
  2. It is surprising that the economy is growing but calorie intake Is decreasing.
  3. Production is increasing but consumption Is decreasing.
  4. According to the reports of nutritionists it is clearly understood that the people are not consuming as per requirements.
  5. Irrespective of caste, religion, region and gender the rich people take more than requirement but the problem is with the poor people.
  6. Government should take new steps to help the poor people.
  7. The PDS functioning should be made correct.
  8. Quality commodities are to be provided at cheaper prices.

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

Question 14.
Write a letter to the Tahsildar about irregular functioning of ration shop in your area.

Tadepalli,
Date : xx xx xxxx

To
The Tasildar,
Mandal Revenue Office,
Tadepalli

Sub: PDS – irregular functioning of ration shop in our locality – Request for take action to regularize the functioning of the shop -reg.

Respected sir,

I am from Prakashnagar, Tadepalli. I would like to bring the following to your notice and favourable action. The ration shop under the Public Distribution System running in our locality is not functioning well.

In our locality the ration shop is always kept closed. Many cardholders come eager to get their commodities. As the shop is closed they return scolding the government and the dealer.

They are going to open market and purchase their commodities there. They lose the wages for that day also. Very often the shop is open but not all the commodities are given. Sometimes they are collecting more prices. Kerosene is being sold in open market.

Hence I request you to take necessary action to regulate the functioning of the ration shop and make it useful to the rural poor people. By doing so, the real purpose of PDS is served. I hope you take immediate and favourable action.

Thanking you sir,

Yours truly,
………………….
………………….

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security 3

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions Chapter 11 Food Security

AP SSC 10th Class Social Studies Important Questions