AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes Chapter 2 Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy

Students can go through AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes 2nd Lesson Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy will help students in revising the entire concepts quickly.

AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes 2nd Lesson Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy

→ Fundamental rights are enriched in part-III of the constitution covering articles from 12 to 35.

→ In 1978, the 44th constitutional amendment deleted the right to property from the list of fundamental rights.

→ Right to constitutional remedies is the very soul and heart of the constitution.

→ Through 42nd constitutional amendment Act. 10 Fundamental duties were in corporated in part – IV of the constitution.
Article 19 provides now to Indian citizens six kinds of freedoms.

AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes Chapter 2 Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy

→ The directive principles of state policy are included in part – IV of the constitution covering articles from 36 to 51.

→ The directive principles are classified into three categories i.e. Socialist, Gandhian and Liberal principles.

→ The 42nd amendment gave precedence to directive principles than to the fundamental rights.

→ Directive principles are considered as New Year greeting by Sri Naseeruddin.

Fundamental Rights

  1. Right to Equality.
  2. Right to Freedom.
  3. Right against exploitation.
  4. Right to religious freedom.
  5. Right to Education and culture.
  6. Right to constitutional remedies.

Fundamental Duties

  1. To Respect constitutions, National Flag and National Anthem.
  2. To cherish the nobel ideals of freedom struggle.
  3. Defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  4. Upholding and protecting sovereignty, unity and integrity.
  5. Protecting Natural Environment and Animal life.
  6. Protecting public property.
  7. To value and preserve the rich heritage and composite culture.
  8. To develop scientific temper, humanism.
  9. Strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activities.
  10. To provide educational opportunities by a parent or a guardian to the below age limit of six to fourteen years.
  11. To provide educational opportunities by the parent or guardian to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years.

AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes Chapter 2 Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy

Directive Principles

  1. Encouraging cottage industries.
  2. Introducing compulsory education.
  3. Improving standard of living.
  4. Improving Social, Economical and Political Conditions of weaker sections etc.

Synopsis

  • Fundamental Rights are incorporated in Part – III from Articles 12 to 35 of the Indian Constitution.
  • Fundamental Rights are an important feature of the Indian Constitution.
  • Fundamental Rights are not absolute. State may impose some restrictions on the Fundamental Rights of the Citizens during – the emergency.
  • Fundamental Rights are comprehensive, integrative and detailed in nature.
  • Fundamental Rights are protected by the judicial Organisations in the country.
  • The Constitution of India guarantees six Fundamental Rights to the citizens of the Nation.
  • Directive Principles of State Policy are enumerated in Part IV from Articles 36 to 51 of the Indian Constitution.
  • Directive Principles are fundamental in the governance of the country.
  • Directive Principles are positive in nature as they extend the jurisdiction of the governments at various levels in India.
  • Directive Principles are of three types. They are i) Socialist principles, ii) Liberal-intellectual principles and iii) Gandhian principles.

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