Students can go through AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes 11th Lesson Elections and Representation will help students in revising the entire concepts quickly.
AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes 11th Lesson Elections and Representation
→ Elections are the central institution of democratic representative governments.
→ Articles 324 to 329 in part XV of the constitution deals with provisions with regard to the electoral system in India.
→ In our country we have been following first past the post system (FPTP) in our elections.
→ Right to vote has given to all citizens who crossed the 18 years of age by providing Election Photo Identity Card (EPIC).
→ An Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) is a simple electronic device used to record votes in place of ballot papers and boxes.
→ The Election Commission of India was established March, 1950.
→ The Election Commission consists of Chief Election Commissioner and two other Commissioners. They are appointed by The President of India.
→ Each polling booth on an average caters to about a more than thousand voters.
→ India adopted the multiparty system i.e., existence of more than two political parties.
→ INC, CPI, CPM, BSP, BJP are the Major National Parties.
→ DMK, AIADMK, Telugu Desam, TRS, Akalidal, Shivsena, National conference are the important Regional Parties in India.
- Elections are very Important for political system of a modern democratic states.
- The elections may be used or interpreted as a plebiscite, a referendum, or a mandate.
- Elections are important agencies of political communication between the people and the government in the sense of political linkage.
- The Constitution provides for a uniform franchise to all citizens.
- Indian Election system provides for the creation of single-member territorial constitutencies.
- The Election Commission has Introduced the using of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) for casting of votes by people and counting of votes in India.
- Political parties have to be registered with the Election Commission.
- Representation Is an essential aspect of representative form of democracy.
- The Election Commission of India is a permanent, autonomous, constitutionally independent body.
- The Election Commission prepares all periodically revised electoral rolls.