Students can go through AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes 1st Lesson The Constitution of India will help students in revising the entire concepts quickly.
AP Inter 2nd Year Civics Notes 1st Lesson The Constitution of India
→ Constitution deals with powers and functions of the state and rights and duties of citizens.
→ A Constitution is a collection of principles of laws which have judicial sanctity.
→ A Constitution mentions the relations between the government and the people.
→ A Constitution is available in the form of a written document.
→ A Constitution specifies the structure of the organs of the government.
→ During the second decade of the 20th century the leaders of Indian National Movement demanded several times for a separate constitution for Indians.
→ Constituent Assembly was set up basing on the Recommendations of Cabinet Mission.
→ Reflections were held to the Constituent Assembly in 1946 July.
→ Dr. Babu Rajendra Prasad was the Chairman of Constituent Assembly.
→ Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the chairman of Drafting Committee.
→ The Constituent Assembly approved the Indian Constitution on November 26, 1949.
→ Indian constitution came into force on 26 January, 1950.
→ Preamble is the philosophy of Indian constitution. It declares India as a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic,
→ Indian constitution is a lengthiest written constitution.
→ K.C. Wheare described the Indian constitution as Quasi-Federal.
- The Constitution prescribes a set of basic rules that ensures coordination amongst the members and groups of a society.
- The founding fathers of the Indian Constitution had generously borrowed ideas from the contemporary politics.
- Justice Hidayatullah described the preamble as The Soul of the Indian Constitution.
- The Indian Constitution came into existence on 26th January 1950, Hence 26th of January every year is celebrated as the Republic day.
- The Indian Constitution contains 12 Schedules, 395 Articles and it runs nearly into 300 pages.
- Part III of the Constitution, Articles 12 to 35, provides for a set of basic Fundamental Rights to all the people of India.
- The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution incorporated the Fundamental Duties in Article 51A under Part – IVA.
- Our Constitution hinted out certain Directive Principles as the policy of the State in Part IV from articles 36 to 51.
- Our Constitution stands for a Secular State.
- The Indian Constitution provides single citizenship to all those persons who are born in India or who resided in India for a specific period i.e., citizen of India.