AP Inter 1st Year Civics Notes Chapter 12 Government

Students can go through AP Inter 1st Year Civics Notes 12th Lesson Government will help students in revising the entire concepts quickly.

AP Inter 1st Year Civics Notes 12th Lesson Government

→ Government formulates, expresses and realises the will of the State.

→ Government is described as the executive organ of the State.

→ Government consists of three organs i.e. Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.

→ Legislature Makes laws, Executive executes laws and Judiciary interprets laws.

→ Aristotle classified Governments into normal and perverted forms.

→ Aristotle says that monarchy, aristocracy and polity are the normal forms of Government. Tyranny, oligarchy and democracy are the perverted forms of Governments.

AP Inter 1st Year Civics Notes Chapter 12 Government

→ “Unitary Government is one in which one central power habitually exercises the supreme legislative authority.” – A.V. Dicey

→ The term ’Federation’ is derived from a Latin word ‘Foedus’ which means ‘treaty’ or ‘agreement’.

→ “Federation is an association of states that forms a new one.” – Hamilton

→ Collective responsibility is the salient feature of Parliamentary form of Government.

→ Presidential form of Government is known as single Executive Government.

→ Montesque advocated ‘the theory of separation of powers’, that is based on ‘checks and balance.’

Synopsis

  • Government formulates, expresses and realises the will of the State.
  • Government is described as the executive organ of the State.
  • Government consists of three organs i.e. Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.
  • Legislature makes laws, Executive executes laws and Judiciary interprets laws.
  • Aristotle classified governments into normal and perverted forms.
  • Aristotle says that monarchy, aristocracy and polity are the normal forms of government. Tyranny, oligarchy and democracy are the perverted forms of governments.
  • Unitary government is one in which one central power habitually exercises the supreme legislative authority. — A. V. Dicey
  • The term ‘Fedaration’ is derived from a Latin word ‘Foedus’ which means treaty’ or ‘agreement’.
  • “Fedaration is an association of states that forms a new one.” — Hamilton
  • Collective responsibility is the salient feature of parliamentary form of government.
  • Presidential form of government is known as single executive government.
  • Montesque advocated ‘the theory of separation of powers’, that is based on ‘checks and balance.

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