AP State Syllabus 9th Class Social Studies Important Questions 21st Lesson Human Rights and Fundamental Rights
9th Class Social 21st Lesson Human Rights and Fundamental Rights 1 Mark Important Questions and Answers
What is a writ?
What do you understand about ‘writt1? (SA-II : 2017-18)
- Writ is an authority given to the court to issue directions to the government to protect and enforce any constitutional right.
- It is an inherent power given to the court.
- The court can “Suo motu” (on its own motion) take congnizance of a violation of fundamental rights.
Write any two slogans about abolition of child labour. (SA-II : 2017-18)
1. Child is your heart not born to push your cart.
2. Children are the future heroes, they need to learn before they can work.
9th Class Social 21st Lesson Human Rights and Fundamental Rights 2 Marks Important Questions and Answers
Read the following situations. Which Fundamental Right is being violated in each case and how? (SA-II : 2018-19)
i. A director who makes a documentary film that criticizes the policies of the government is arrested and sent to prison.
ii. A ten years old boy is not allotted to go to school and is forced to work in a firecracker factory.
i) In first case Right to freedom of speech and expression is violated. Everyone has a right to express their opinion on the administration of govt. But some limitations are there.
ii) In the second case, Right against exploitation is violated.
The Constitution says “no child below the age of 14 shall be employed engaged in any other hazardous employment.
Read the following concepts and write under the table with relevant fundamental right. (SA-II : 2017-18)
- Prohibition of employment for children in factories.
- All minorities shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
- Abolition of titles.
- Right to life.
9th Class Social 21st Lesson Human Rights and Fundamental Rights Important Questions and Answers
Write a short note about UDHR.
- A group of people from 9 countries around the world formed by UNO drafted a list of 30 articles.
- This became the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- It was passed by the UN General Assembly in 1948.
What are the functions of NHRC?
- NHRC is vested with the authority to make an inquiry, Suo motu or on a petition presented to it by a victim.
- It works for protecting human rights.
- It intervenes in any case involving human rights in the court or outside the court.
What are our fundamental duties?
The fundamental duties to be discharged by the citizens were not there in our Constitution earlier. They were included through 42nd amendment. They are :
- Respecting the constitution, National Flag and National Anthem.
- Cherishing the noble ideals of the freedom struggle.
- Defending the country and rendering national service when called for.
- Upholding and protecting the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
- Promoting harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India and renouncing any practice derogatory to the dignity of women.
- Preserving the rich heritage of the Nation’s composite culture.
- Protecting and improving the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life and having compassion for living creatures.
- Developing scientific temper, humanism and spirit of inquiry or reform.
- Safeguarding public property and abjuring violence.
- Striving for the excellence in all individual and collective activities.
What are the differences between the fundamental rights and fundamental duties?
1) Fundamental rights :
a) Fundamental rights are definite.
b) No one can deprive us of these rights.
c) Even Government cannot ignore them.
d) These rights are safeguarded through court of law.
2) Fundamental duties :
a) No one can force us to abide to them.
b) The discharge of fundamental duties is left to our discretion.
c) No court can force us to discharge these duties.
Read the passage and answer the following questions.
Human Rights Commission :
The United Nations has been working to protect the basic human rights of people and in this effort they have encouraged their member nations to do the same. In 1993,the Government of India passed an act of legislature to protect human rights. A commission for human rights was set up under this law called the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). The commission has been given powers of a civil court extendable to the entire country. The Government has also established other institutions to monitor and inquire into situations in which rights are violated. Thus we have different institutions such as the National Commission for Women, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights, National Minority Commission and State Human Rights Commissions.
i) When did the Government of India pass an act of legislature to protect human rights?
In 1993 the Government of India passed a legislature.
ii) Expand NHRC.
NHRC means National Human Rights Commission.
iii) What are the institutions that work on Human Rights?
1) National Human Rights Commission.
2) National Commission for Women.
3) National Minority Commission.
4) State Human Rights Commission.
iv) What does the above Logo stand for?
It is the logo of Human Rights designed by the United Nations Organization.
v) Which organization is behind the establishment of Human Rights Commission?
The UNO is instrumental in establishing the Human Rights Commission.
Gather certain information about violation of fundamental rights and how the court protected them.
- One factory was emitting dangerous gases and health of the people was effected.
- A public interest litigation is filed in the court.
- The factory was forced to close down. As it is against the fundamental right of Right to life.
- One child was working as a domestic servant in a family.
- The family members went on a tour for two days.
- The child (servant) was kept in the house and the door was locked from outside.
- The neighbours recognized it. Given a complaint to the police.
- The police broke open the doors and a case was filed against the head of the family.
Which of the following rights is available under the Indian Constitution?
a) Right to work
b) Right to adequate livelihood
c) Right to protect one’s culture
d) Right to privacy
c) Right to protect one’s culture