AP State Syllabus AP Board 8th Class Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Frequency Distribution Tables and Graphs Ex 7.3 Textbook Questions and Answers.

## AP State Syllabus 8th Class Maths Solutions 7th Lesson Frequency Distribution Tables and Graphs Exercise 7.3

Question 1.

The following table gives the distribution of45 students across the different levels of intelligent Quotient. Draw the histogram for the data.

Solution:

Steps of construction:

1. Calculate the difference between mid values of two consecutive classes

∴ h = 75 – 65 = 10

∴ Class interval (C.I) = 10

2. Select such a right scale

on X-axis 1 cm = 10 units

on Y-axis 1 cm 1 student

3. Construct a histogram with C.Is as width and frequencies as lengths.

Question 2.

Construct a histogram for the marks obtained by 600 students in the VII class annual

examinations.

Solution:

Classes will be prepared on class marks.

Step – 1: Take the difference between the mid values of two consecutive classes.

∴ h = 400 – 360 = 40

Step – 2: Let the lower and upper boundaries be taken as x – \(\frac{h}{2}\) , x + \(\frac{h}{2}\)

∴ x – \(\frac{h}{2}\) = 360 – \(\frac{40}{2}\) = 360 – 20 = 340

x + \(\frac{h}{2}\) = 360 + \(\frac{40}{2}\) = 360 + 20 = 380

Step – 3 : Select the scale

on X-axis 1 cm = 1 C.I (mid values)

on Y-axis 1 cm = 20 students

Step – 4 : Take C.I’s as width, frequencies as lengths.

Then construct the histogram.

Class Marks | Class Interval | Frequency |

360 | 340- 380 | 100 |

400 | 380- 420 | 125 |

440 | 420-460 | 140 |

480 | 460-500 | 95 |

520 | 500-540 | 80 |

560 | 540-580 | 60 |

Scale : On Y – axis no. of students = 20, On X – axis take marks of students.

Question 3.

Weekly wages of 250 workers in a factory are given in the following table. Construct the histogram and frequency polygon on the same graph for the data given.

using the histogram. (Use separate graph sheets)

Solution:

Class Interval (Weekly wages) |
Frequency (No. of workers) |
Mid values |

500-550 | 30 | 525 |

550-600 | 42 | 575 |

600-650 | 50 | 625 |

650-700 | 55 | 675 |

700-750 | 45 | 725 |

750 -800 | 28 | 775 |

N = 250 |

Steps of constructIon:

- C.I. = Difference of two consecutive mid values = h = 575 – 525 = 50
- Scale : On X-axis 1 cm = ₹ 50

On Y-axis 1 cm = lo members - Take on X-axis width of C.I, on Y-axis frequncies.
- Keep points A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H on the mid points of rectangles.
- The area of a histogram is equal to the area of a polygon.

Question 4.

Ages of 60 teachers in primary schools of a Mandai are given in the following frequency distribution table. Construct the Frequency polygon and frequency curve for the data without using the histogram. (Use separate graph sheets)

Solution:

Construction of frequency polygon:

- Class interval = The difference between two mid values of classes

= 30 – 26 = 4 - Scale : On X-axis take the age of teachers

On Y-axis take number of teachers. - Scale: On X-axis 1 cm = 4units

On Y- axis 1 cm = 2 units - Take the widths of classes on X – axis. Frequencies on Y – axis.
- The points are formed on the graph sheet are joined by a scale then the required frequency polygon and if the points are joined by hand frequency curve will be formed.

Question 5.

Construct class intervals and frequencies for the foliowing distribution tabie. Also draw the ogive curves for the same.

Solution:

Steps of constructIon:

Step – 1: If the given frequency distribution is in inclusive form, then convert it into an

exclusive form.

Step – 2: Calculate the less than cumulative frequency.

Step – 3: Mark the upper boundaries of the class intervals along X-axis and their corresponding cumulative frequencies along Y-axis.

Select the scale:

X – axis 1 cm = 1 class interval

Y – axis 1 cm = 10 students

Step – 4: Also, plot the lower boundary of the first class (upper boundary of the class previous to first class) interval with cumulative frequency 0.

Step – 5: Join these points by a free hand curve to obtain the required ogive.

Similarly we can construct ‘greater than cumulative frequency curve by taking greater than cumulative on Y – axis and corresponding ‘lower boundaries’ on the

X-axis.