AP Board 8th Class Maths Solutions Chapter 12 Factorisation InText Questions

AP State Syllabus 8th Class Maths Solutions 12th Lesson Factorisation InText Questions

AP State Syllabus AP Board 8th Class Maths Solutions Chapter 12 Factorisation InText Questions and Answers.

8th Class Maths 12th Lesson Factorisation InText Questions and Answers

Do this

Question 1.
Express the given numbers in the form of product of primes. [Page No. 267]
(i) 48      (ii) 72      (iii) 96
(i) 48
Answer:
48 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3

ii) 72
Answer:
72 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3

iii) 96
Answer:
96 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3

Question 2.
Find the factors of following:      [Page No. 268]
(i) 8x2yz     (ii) 2xy (x + y)       (iii) 3x + y3z
Answer:
i) 8x2yz = 2 × 2 × 2 × x × x × y × z
ii) 2xy (x + y) = 2 × x × y × (x + y)
iii) 3x + y3z = (3 × x) + (y × y × y × z)

Question 3.
Factorise:      [Page No. 270]
(i) 9a2 – 6a
(ii) 15a3b – 35ab3
(iii) 7lm – 21lmn
Answer:
(i) 9a2 – 6a = 3 × 3 × a × a – 2 × 3 × a
= 3 × a (3a – 2)
∴ 9a2 – 6a = 3a (3a – 2)

ii) 15a3b – 35ab3
= 3 × 5 × a × a × a × b – 7 × 5 × a × b × b × b
= 5 × a × b [3 × a × a – 7 × b × b]
= 5ab [3a2 – 7b2]

iii) 7lm – 21lmn
= 7 × l × m7 × 3 × m × n × l
= 7 × l × m [1 – 3n]
= 7lm [1 – 3n]

Question 4.
Factorise:
i) 5xy + 5x + 4y + 4
ii) 3ab + 3a + 2b + 2 [Pg. No. 271]
Answer:
i) 5xy + 5x + 4y + 4
= (5xy + 5x) + (4y + 4)
= 5x(y + 1) + 4(y + 1)
= (y + 1) (5x + 4)

ii) 3ab + 3a + 2b + 2
= [3 × a × b + 3 × a] + [2 × b + 2]
= 3 × a [b + 1] + 2 [b + 1]
= (b + 1) (3a + 2)

Think, Discuss and Write

While solving some problems containing algebraic expressions in different operations, some students solved as given below. Gan you identify the errors made by them? Write correct answers.     [Page No. 279]
Question 1.
Srilekha solved the given equation as shown below.
3x + 4x + x + 2x = 90
9x = 90 Therefore x = 10 What could say about the correctness of the solution?
Can you identify where Srilekha has gone wrong?
Answer:
Srilekha’s solution is wrong,
∵ 3x + 4x + x + 2x = 90
10x = 90
x = $$\frac{90}{10}$$
∴ x = 9

Question 2.
Abraham did the following.      [Page No. 280]
For x = -4, 7x = 7 – 4 = -3.
Answer:
Abraham’s solution is wrong.
∴ If x = -4
⇒ 7x = 7(-4) = -28

Question 3.
John and Reshma have done the multiplication of an algebraic expression by the following methods: verify whose multiplication is correct.      [Page No. 280]

Answer:

∴ John’s solutions are wrong and Reshma’s solutions are correct.

Question 4.
Harmeet does the division as (a + 5) ÷ 5 = a + 1 His friend Srikar done the same (a + 5) ÷ 5 = a/5 + 1 and his friend Rosy did it this way (a + 5) ÷ 5 = a Can you guess who has done it correctly? Justify!     [Page No. 280]
Answer:
The solutions of Harmeet, Rosy are wrong.
(a + 5) ÷ 5 = $$\frac{a+5}{5}$$
= $$\frac{a}{5}$$ + $$\frac{5}{5}$$
= $$\left(\frac{a}{5}+1\right)$$
∴ Srikar had done it correctly.