AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

AP State Syllabus 7th Class Social Important Questions 12th Lesson The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

Question 1.
Which incidents given in your textbook make you feel that Rudrama Devi was a brave and adventurous lady?
Answer:

  1. She was one of the female monarchies who had to promote a male image in order to rule her empire.
  2. She defeated the Yadava king and chased him away into his own territory and forced him to make peace with her.
  3. This was one of the bravest things she has done.

Question 2.
Write any two sentences appreciating Rudrama Devi’s rule.
Answer:

  1. Rudrama Devi was a powerful and successful ruler who impressed one and all with her abilities.
  2. Rudrama Devi ruled the Kakatiya dynasty and took the name Rudrdeva Maharaja.
  3. She was a brave soldier and cared about the oppressed granting them land rights.
  4. She started to collect land revenues against this.

AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

Question 3.
Explain the services rendered by the Kakatiyas in the development of Agriculture. (Or)
Kings and chiefs built irrigation tanks to improve agriculture in the Kakatiyan times. Write a short note on appreciating the uses of those.
Answer:

  1. The Kings and Chiefs of Kakatiyas brought large tracks of land under cultivation by building tanks and digging wells.
  2. Apart from members of the royal family and other feudal families the rich sections the society like merchants and artisans participated in expanding agriculture through the construction of tanks.
  3. This enabled the extension of cultivation in the difficult terrains of Telangana and Rayalaseema.

Question 4.
Describe the greatness of Rani Rudramadevi.
Answer:

  1. Rani Rudrama Devi became the ruler of the Kakatiya empire after the death of her father Ganapathi Deva.
  2. Rudrama Devi was coronated as the Queen of the Kakatiya Dynasty and assumed the male name “Rudra Deva”.
  3. Her reign was marked by the uprising of her feudatories who did not like the succession of a woman to the throne.
  4. Rani Rudrarria overcome all the difficulties and maintained the integrity of the empire.
  5. The Yadava King Mahadeva invaded the Kakatiya empire. It was a mere raid and did not result in any loss of territory to the Kakatiyas.
  6. She was able to suppress the Eastern Ganga dynasty who challenged her authority and also defeated Yadavas.

AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

Question 5.
Read the following paragraph and answer the question.
The leading character in Palanaativeerula Katha Balachandrudu has a small war band of devoted companions from diverse backgrounds. One is a brahmin while the others – a blacksmith, a goldsmith, a washerman, a potter and a barber – are drawn from the service and artisan communities. Balachandrudu and his cohorts are so committed to each other that they are called sodarulu (brothers). Just before they set out for battle, Balachandrudu’s mother prepares a meal for all the “brothers” with her own hands. But she serves this food to each one on a different kind of plate (earthen, bronze, leaf, etc.)and is rebuked for making such distinction by her son, who says that caste must be set aside when one goes to war.
Comment on caste discrimination.
Answer:
According to the story even though his mother served in different plates, but they eat from each other’s plates in defiance of the convention but in recognition of their joint fate.

Question 6.
Observe the given below table and answer the following questions.

Rulers Riding period Specialities
Prola II 1116-1157 A.D first Kakatiyan Emperor
Rudra Deva 1158-1195 A.D changed capital from Anmakonda to Orugallu
Ganapati Deva 1199-1262 A.D. long time rule
Rudrama Devi 1262-1289 A.D. courageous women ruler
Pratapa Rudra 1289-1323 A.D. Grandson of Rudrama Devi

Questions:
1. Who is the brave women ruler in Kakatiya Dynasty?
Answer:
Rani Rudrama Devi.

2. What is the present name of Orugallu?
Answer:
The present name of Orugallu is in Warangal.

3. Who ruled the longest period in Kakatiyas.
Answer:
Ganapathi Deva ruled the longest period in Kakatiyas.

4. Who is the last king in the Kakatiya dynasty?
Answer:
Pratapa Rudra was the last king in Kakatiya Dynasty.

AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

Question 7.
Observe the inscription and find out its language. If you know the language try to identify any ten tetters and write them.
AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom 1
Answer:
It is mostly in the Telugu language (Old Telugu) Some letters from the inscription:
AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom 6

Question 8.
Observe the picture and answer the questions.
AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom 2
a. What is the name of this construction?
Answer:
Kirti Torana entrance of Svayambhu Siva Temple.

b. What is this?
Answer:
This is the relic of the Kirti Torana entrance.

c. Who built this?
Answer:
Kakatiya kings built this.

d. Where did they build this?
Answer:
They built this in Qrugallu (Warangal).

e. Have you ever seen this in any film?
Answer:
Yes, I have seen this in the film ‘Sainikudu’.

AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

Question 9.
Read the following para and answer the questions.
The coins… bear the royal insignia Varaha facing right in the centre, with sun and moon on the legend incused at either end of the flan facing each other, the left one containing three letters, reading Kesari, whereas on the right is 5 letters, in two rows ahi on the top and tagaja in the second. Some of the coins hear Varaha in the centre surrounded by four lions on four cardinal points.
AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom 3
a. What did the coins bear?
Answer:
The coins … bear the royal insignia Varaha facing right in the centre.

b. What celestial bodies were present on the coin?
Answer:
The sun and the moon.

c. What were the three letters?
Answer:
The three letters were Ke-sa-ri.

d. How were some of the coins?
Answer:
Some of the coins bear Varaha in the centre.

e. What were the animals on the coin?
Four, lions

AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

Question 10.
Read the following para and answer the questions.
The Kakatiya inscriptions generally contain the titles Daya/Raya/Raja/Gaja Kesari and Ari Gaja Kesari. The title Ari Gaja Kesari is ascribed to Prola I and Prola II,… but no coin with this title has so far been reported. There is a title Raya gajendra kesari in the Bidar inscription. An inscription from Bekkallu ascribes to Rudradeva the titles Daya Gaja Kesari, Tripura Maheswara, and Parakrama kesaro Kesari. The title Ahita gaja Kesari means that a gaja or elephant frightens at the mere sight of Kesari (lion). Similarly, here the king was just like Kesari (lion) to his (elephant) like enemies.
a. What did the Kakatiya inscription contain?
Answer:
The Kakatiya inscriptions generally contain the titles Daya/Raya/Raja/Gaja kesari and Ari Gaja Kesari.

b. What were the titles ascribed to Prola I and Prola II?
Answer:
The title Ari Gaja Kesari is ascribed to Prola I and Prola II.

c. What was the title in the Bedar inscription?
Answer:
There is a title Raya gajendra kesari in the Bidar inscription.

d. Write about Bekkallu
Answer:
An inscription from Bekkallu ascribes to Rudradeva the titles Daya Gaja Kesari, Tripura Maheswara and Parakrama kesaro Kesari.

e. What is meant by ‘Ahitagaja Kesari’?
Answer:
The title Ahita Gaja Kesari means that a Gaja or elephant frightens at the mere sight of Kesari (lion).

Question 11.
Read the following information and answer the questions.
AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom 5
a. Who was the last important ruler?
Answer:
Prataparudra

b. Who was the queen among them?
Answer:
Rudramadevi

c. When did Rudradeva rule Kakatiya kingdom?
Answer:
1158- 1195 AD

AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

Question 12.
Read the following para and answer the questions.
Warriors, chiefs and Kings derived much of their income by taxing traders, especially those who engaged in overseas trade from the ports. Read a portion of an inscription issued by Kakatiya king Ganapatideva in a place called Motupatli:
“This Abhaya Shasana has been granted by Ganapatideva to sea traders going back and forth to all continents, countries and towns. In the past, kings forcibly seized all the cargo such as gold, elephants, horses, jewels, etc., when seagoing vessels were caught in storms, wrecked and cast on shore. But we for the sake of our reputation and Punya and out of pity for those who have incurred the grave risk of a sea voyage, give up all but the customary tax.”
a. How did the kings derive much of their income?
Answer:
Warriors, chiefs and Kings derived much of their income by taxing traders, especially those who engaged in overseas trade from the ports.

b. Who was Ganapatideva?
Answer:
He was a Kakatiya king.

c. What was the name of the inscription?
Answer:
Motupalli inscription.

Question 13.
Read the following para and answer the questions.
During Rudradeva’s rule (1158-1195 AD) the capital was shifted from Anmakonda to Orugallu (Warangal): The new city was laid out with a plan to accommodate the grow¬ing city population and to address the needs of an imperial capital. Rudradeva built a big fort, a tank and a temple called Thousand Pillared Temple in Anmakonda.
a. What was the time of Rudradeva Rule?
Answer:
1158-1195 AD.

b. When was the capital shifted?
Answer:
During Rudradeva’s rule (1158-1195 AD) the capital was shifted from Anmakonda to Orugallu (Warangal).

c. How was the new city?
Answer:
The new city was laid out with a plan to accommodate the increase in city population and to address the needs of an imperial capital.

d. What did he build?
Answer:
He built a big fort, a tank and a temple.

e. What is the temple in Hanmakonda?
Answer:
The temple is Thousand Pillared Temple.

AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom

Question 14.
Observe the map of Orugallu and answer the following questions.
AP 7th Class Social Important Questions Chapter 12 The Kakatiyas – Emergence of the Regional Kingdom 4
1. Use the scale shown on the map to find out the breadth of the outer wall front from East to West.
Answer:
13.6 km.

2. Also find out the breadth of the city within the inner stone wall from North to South.
Answer:
1.25 km

Question 15.
If you have ever been to Warangal city, describe it to your classmates.
Answer:
Once I have been to the city Warangal. It is a historical place in Telangana. I saw Ramappa temple and reins of Svayambhu Siva temple there. The old city Orugallu was constructed inside the fort. In the centre of the fort, there was Svayambhu Siva temple. In the beginning, the ‘Kakatiyas’ tried to shift the Linga to some other place for their convenience. But they failed to carry the ‘Svayambhu Linga’. So they constructed the palaces and buildings around the temple. And I also saw the Regional Engineering College in Warangal.

AP 7th Class Social Important Questions