AP 10th Class Social Geography 2nd Lesson Questions and Answers Forest and Wildlife Resources

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Forest and Wildlife Resources Questions and Answers AP 10th Class Social Geography 2nd Lesson

Question 1.
Multiple choice questions.
i) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?
a) Joint forest management
b) Beej Bachao Andolan
c) Chipko Movement
d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries
Answer:
d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

Question 2.
Match the following.
Reserved forests : other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities
Protected forests : forests are regarded as most valuable as for as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources
Unclassed forests : forest lands are protected from any further depletion
Answer:
Reserved forests : Forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources.
Protected forests : Forest lands are protected from any further depletion.
Unclassed forests : Other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities.

AP 10th Class Social Geography 2nd Lesson Questions and Answers Forest and Wildlife Resources

Question 3.
Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
Answer:

  • The total number of species of plants, animals and microorganisms living on the earth is called biodiversity.
  • It is the variety of organisms present in ecosystem.
  • It is very much necessary to maintain ecological balance which can be achieved by conservation of biodiversity.
  • In society human being is interdependent.
  • Human are consided as social animals.
  • Human depends on others for their survival and well-being. Apart from this there is always an interaction of human beings with biotic and abiotic communities.

ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.
Answer:
Several human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna. They are:

  • Deforestation for agricultural expansion.
  • Degration of forests by shifting cultivation.
  • Large scale development projects.
  • Mining activities.
  • Habitat destruction, hunting, poaching, over exploitation of forest products, environmental degration, forest fires are some factors which have led to the decline of biodiversity.

Question 4.
Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India ?
Answer:
The communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India in the following ways:
a) In Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthani Villagers have fought against mining by citing the Wildlife Protection Act. In many area villagers themselves are protecting habitats and explicitly rejecting government involvement.

b) The famous Chipko Movement launched by the woman of Chamoli in Uttarakhand saved more than 12000 sq,km area of forests just by hugging the trees when the lumberjacks attempted to cut them.

c) The Alwar district of Rajasthan, local communities belonging to five villages have set their own rules and regulations in 1,200 hectares of forest land to stop hunting and outside encroachments in these lands.

d) The Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri district of Uttarakhand conserved local seed diversity and forest while defending small farmers and promoting traditional agricultural and knowledge systems.

ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.
Answer:
During conservation of forests many good practices have been evolved. These include
a) Central and state governments in India have set up National Parts and Wildlife Sanctuaries to protect forests and endangered species in wildlife.
b) Worshipping of trees and animals.
c) Punishable penal codes on killing animals.
d) Vanmahotsav etc, to bring awareness among the people about importance of wildlife.
e) The Joint Forest Management (JFM) institutions are set up to undertake the protection activities mostly degraded forest land.
f) In 1972, the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented.
g) It made protecting specific habitats a law. It released a, list of wildlife species that had to be protected.
h) Hunting these animals was considered as a criminal act. “Project Tiger”, one of the well published wildlife campaigns in the world, was launched in 1973 to save tigers in the country.

AP 10th Class Social Geography 2nd Lesson InText Questions and Answers Forest and Wildlife Resources

ACTIVITY: PAGE NO : 26

Question 1.
Find out stories prevalent in your region which are about the harmonious relationship between human beings and nature.
Answer:
Here are few stories related to the harmonious relationship between human being and nature.
i) “The Jungle Book” – by Rudyard Kipling. This collection of stories is set in the Indian jungle and features. Mowgli, a young boy raised by wolves. The stories explores the relationship between humans and the animal kingdom as well as the nature.

ii) “The Living Bridge” – by Sudha Murthy. This collection of Short Stories recounts the real-life efforts of the War-Khasi tribe in Meghalaya, India, to create bridges by guiding the roots of trees across rivers. This story reflects harmonious relationship between humans and nature.

iii) “Kabuliwala” – by Rabindranath Tagore,

iv) “The Village by the Sea” – by Anitha Desai.

AP 10th Class Social Geography 2nd Lesson Questions and Answers Forest and Wildlife Resources

ACTIVITY : PAGE NO : 30

Question 2.
Collect more information on the wildlife sanctuaries and national parks of India and cite their locations on the map of India.
Answer:
India is the hotspot of biodiversity that has been preserved in the form of national Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. There are over 104 National Parks and 551 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India.
Some of the major Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks of India are cited on the map of India below:
AP 10th Class Social Geography 2nd Lesson Questions and Answers Forest and Wildlife Resources Img 1
AP 10th Class Social Geography 2nd Lesson Questions and Answers Forest and Wildlife Resources Img 2

INTEXT PAGE NO : 32

AP 10th Class Social Geography 2nd Lesson Questions and Answers Forest and Wildlife Resources Img 3

Question 3.
Can you find out the reasons for the above mentioned problems ?
Answer:
India’s special Crocodilian Gharial Population is the biggest concern for the wildlife lovers, due to the river pollution, loss of riverine habitat and fishing gill nets, the Gharial came to the brink of extinction and fall in the critically endangered category. The same goes for the birds as these birds which fed on the fishes of Yamuna river were contaminated by the harmful pollutants released into the rivers.

ACTIVITY: PACK NO : 34

Question 4.
Write a short essay on any practices which you may have observed and practised in your everyday lives that conserve and protect the environment around you.
Answer:
Everyday practices for Environmental Conservation and Protection are :
i) Conserving water and energy : Conserving water and energy helps to save our money bills. Turning off lights when not needed and being mindful of water usuage while washing dishes or taking showers can lead to water conservation.

ii) Public Transport: Transportation is a major contribution to air pollution. By using public transportation instead of driving alone biking or walking we can reduce the amount of carbondioxide released into the atmosphere.

iii) Reducing single – use plastics : We can take simple steps to reduce plastic waste. Carrying reusable bags, water bottles and containers can reduce our reliance on disposable plastic item.

iv) Supporting Renewable Energy Sources: Renewable Energy Sources such as solar and wind power can reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. Thus, every action in our everyday lives, no matter how small, contributes to the larger goal of environmental conservation and protection.

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