# AP 10th Class Maths Important Questions Chapter 9 Tangents and Secants to a Circle

These AP 10th Class Maths Chapter Wise Important Questions Chapter 9 Tangents and Secants to a Circle will help students prepare well for the exams.

## AP State Syllabus 10th Class Maths 9th Lesson Important Questions and Answers Tangents and Secants to a Circle

Question 1.
What do we call the part a and b in the below circle ? Solution:
‘a’ is minor segment and ‘b’ is major segment.

Question 2.
Find the length of the tangent to a circle of radius 7 cm at a point from a distance 25 cm from the centre.
Solution:
Given OA = 25 cm, OB = r = 7 cm
In ΔAOB, ∠B = 90° OA2 = OB2 + AB2
⇒ AB2 = OA2 – OB2 = 252 – 72
⇒AB = $$\sqrt{25^{2}-7^{2}}=\sqrt{625-49}$$
= $$\sqrt{576}$$
= 24 cm

Question 3.
Find the area of a sector of a circle whose radius is 7 cm and angle at the centre is 60°.
Solution:
Radius = 7 cm, Angle at centre = 60°
Area of the sector = $$\frac{\mathrm{x}}{360}$$ x πr²
= $$\frac{60 \times \frac{22}{7} \times 7 \times 7}{360}=\frac{154}{6}$$ = 25.66 cm2 Question 4.
A tangent is drawn to a circle of radius 4 cm. from a point that lies at a distance of 5 cm. from the centre. Find the measure of length of the tangent.
Solution: ΔOAB is a right triangle.
OA2 = 0B2 + AB2
52 = OB2 + 42
OB2 = 25 -16 = 9
OB = $$\sqrt{9}$$ = 3 cm.

Question 5.
Find the area of the shaded part in the given figure. Solution:
= Area of semi-circle – Area of triangle Question 1.
Find the length of the tangent from a point 13 cm away from the centre of the circle of radius 5 cm.
Solution:
Radius of the circle = 5 cm
Length of the tangent = x cm Distance between centre to point be = 13 cm
132 = 52 + x2
x2 = 169 – 25 = 144 ⇒ x = 12 cm

Question 2.
If tangents PA and PB from a point P to a circle with centre ‘O’ are inclined to each other at angle of 80°, then find the measured of ∠POA.
Solution: Between ΔA0P and ΔB0P
∠OAP = ∠OBP = 90° (∵ tangent and line from origin meet at 90° to each other)
0A=0B = radius of the circle = r (say)
and OP is the common side
Hence, we can say ΔAOP = ΔBOP
Therefore, we can say
∠OPA = ∠OPB = $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$(∠APB)
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$(80°) = 40°
(∵ given that tangents PA and PB are inclined to each other by 80°)
Now, in ΔAOP,
∠POA + ∠OPA + ∠A = 180°
⇒ ∠POA + 40° + 90° = 180°
⇒ ∠POA = 50°

Question 3.
Draw a circle of radius 3 cm, mark a point ‘P’ on the circle and draw a tan gent at ‘P’.
Solution:
Steps of construction: 1) Draw a circle of radius ‘3’ cm from the centre “O” and pick a point ‘P’ on the circle. Join $$\overline{\mathrm{OP}}$$
2) Now draw a perpendicular at the point ‘P’ to the line segment $$\overline{\mathrm{OP}}$$
such that XY ⊥ $$\overline{\mathrm{OP}}$$.
3) Then $$\overline{\mathrm{XY}}$$ is the desired tangent at ‘P’ to the given circle.

Question 4.
A chord of a circle of radius 10 cm. subtends a right angle at the centre. Find the area of the corresponding minor segment (use π = 3.14),
Solution:
Radius of circle (r) = 10 cm
Sector angle (x) = 90°
Radius of sector (r) = 10 cm. Area of sector OACB = $$\frac{\mathrm{x}}{360}$$ × πr²
= $$\frac{90^{\circ}}{360^{\circ}}$$ × 3.14 × 10 × 10
= 78.5 Sq. cm
Area of Δ AOB = $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ × 10 × 10
= 50 cm2
Area of the Minor Segment = Area of sector OACB – Area of Δ OAB
= 78.5 – 50.0 = 28.5 cm2 Question 1.
A chord of circle of radius 10 cm sub-tends a right angle at the centre. Find the area of the corresponding :
i) Minor segment ii) Major segment (use π = 3. 14)
Solution:
Radius of circle (r) = 10 cm
Sector angle (x) = 90°
Radius of sector (r) = 10 cm. Area of sector OACB = $$\frac{\mathrm{x}}{360}$$ × πr2
= $$\frac{90^{\circ}}{360^{\circ}}$$ × 3.14 × 10 × 10
= 78.5 Sq. cm
Area of ∆ AOB = $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ × 10 × 10
= 50 cm2
Area of the Minor Segment = Area of sector OACB – Area of ∆ OAB
= 78.5 – 50.0 = 28.5 cm2
Area of Major Segment = Area of the circle – Area of the Minor Segment
= (3.14 × 10 × 10) – 28.5
= 314-28.5 = 285.5 cm2

Question 2.
Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. Take a point ’P’ at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of the circle. From P, draw 2 tangents to the circle.
Solution:
Award marks for construction as follows: i) To draw a circle with radius 3 cm
ii) To plot a point P such that OP = 5 cm.
iii) To Bisect QP at M and draw circle with radius OM br MP
iv) To draw tangents from intersecting points of two circles.

Question 3.
Draw a Circle of radius 4 cm. From a point 7.5 cm away from its centre, construct the pair of tangents to the circle.
Solution:
1) Draw a circle with:radius 4 cm with centre O.
2) Locate a point P such that OP 7.5 cm
3) Bisect OP and draw circle with radius MO or MP with centre M.
4) Draw tangents PA and PB from external point P to the given circle. Question 4.
Draw a circle of radius 5 cm. From a point 8 cm away from its centre, con-struct a pair of tangents to the circle. Find the lengths of tangents.
Solution:
Steps of construction :
1) Construct a circle with a radius of 5 cm.
2) Trace the point ‘p’ in the exterior of the circle which is at a distance of ‘8’ cm from its centre.
3) Construct a perpendicular bisector to OP which meets at M.
4) The draw a circle with a radius of MP or MO from the point M. This circle cuts the previous circle drawn from the centre ‘O’ at the points A and B.
5) Now join the points PA and then PB.
6) PA, PB are the required tangents which are measured 6.2 cm long. OA = 5 cm ; OP = 8 cm
AP = PB = 6.2 cm.

Question 5.
Draw a circle of radius 4 cm and draw a pair of tangents to the circle, which are intersecting each other 6 cm away from the centre.
Solution: Steps of Construction:
1) Draw a circle with centre ‘O’ and radius 4 cm.
Take a point ‘P’ outside the circle such that OP = 6 cm. Join OP.
Draw the perpendicular bisector to OP which bisects it at M.
4) Taking M as centre and PM or MO as radius draw a circle.
Let the circle intersects the given circle at ’A’ and ‘B’.
Join P to A and B.
PA and PB are the required tangents of lengths.

Question 6.
Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre ‘O’ from an external point T, then prove that ∠PTQ = 2. ∠OPQ.
Solution:
Given a circle with centre 0.
Two tangents TP, TQ are drawn to the circle from an external point T.
We need to prove ∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ
Let ∠PTQ = θ TP = TQ (The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal)
So ΔTPQ is an isosceles triangle
∴ ∠TPQ + ∠TQP + ∠PTQ = 180°
(Sum of three angles in a triangle)
∠TPQ = ∠TQP = $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$(180° – θ)
= 90°- $$\frac{\theta}{2}$$
∠OPQ = ∠OPT – ∠TPQ
= 90° – 0(90° – $$\frac{\theta}{2}$$) = $$\frac{\theta}{2}$$
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ ∠PTQ
∴∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ Question 7.
Find the area of the segment shaded in the figure in which PQ = 12 cm, PR = 5 cm and QR is the diameter of the circle with centre ‘O’. (Take π = $$\frac{22}{7}$$) Solution:
To find the area of the segment shaded in the given figure.
Here ‘PQ’ = 12 cm; ‘PR’ = 5 cm; ‘QR’ is diameter
Now PQOR is a semicircle then angle in a semicircle is 90°.
then ∠QPR = 90°
∴ ΔPQR is a right angled triangle
∴ Area of ΔPQR = $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ bh
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ × PQ × PR
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ × 12 × 5 =30 cm2 ……………(1)
Now the area of shaded part = area of semicircle – area of ΔPQR
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$πrcm2 – 30 cm2 …………….(2)
In ΔPQR, QR2 = PQ2 + PR2
(from Pythagoras theorem)
QR2 = 122 + 52
= 144 + 25 = 169 = 132
∴ QR =13 then
Radius of the circle (r) = QO = $$\frac{\mathrm{Q} R}{2}$$
= $$\frac{13}{2}$$ = 6.5 cm
then area of semicircle
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$πrcm2
= $$\frac{1}{2} \times \frac{22}{7} \times \frac{13}{2} \times \frac{13}{2}$$ = 66.39 cm2 …………….(3)
Now putting the values of (1) and (3) in (2) we get
Area of shaded part = (66.39 – 30)
= 36.39 cm2.

Question 8.
Draw two tangents to a circle of radius 2.5 cm, from a point ‘P’ at a distance of 7 cm from its centre.
Solution:
1. Draw a line segment PO = 7 cm.
2. From the point O, draw a circle of radius = 2.5 cm.
3. Draw a perpendicular bisector of PO. Let M be the mid-point of PO.
4. Taking M as centre and OM as radius, draw a circle.
5. Let this circle intersects the given circle at the point Q and R.
6. Join PQ and PR. Question 1.
As shown in the figure, radius of the given circle is 21 cm and ∠AOB = 120°. Then find the area of segment AYB. Solution: Given radius of area = OA = OB = 21 cm
Now3 the angle at centre for the sector $$\widehat{\mathrm{OAB}}$$ = 120°.
Formula for area of sector = $$\frac{x}{360}$$ x πrcm2
= $$\frac{120}{360} \times \frac{22}{7}$$ × 21 × 21
= 22 × 21 = 462 cm2 ……………………… (1)

Now area of segment $$\widehat{\mathrm{AYB}}$$
= Area of sector – area of Δ OAB.
Let $$\overline{\mathrm{OD}}$$ is perpendicular to AB, then
∠AOB = $$\frac{120}{2}$$ = 60°
∴ sin 60° = $$\frac{\mathrm{AD}}{\mathrm{OA}}$$ ∴ area of ΔOAB = $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ bh
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ × AB × OD = AD × OD
=  = 190.95 cm2 ………….. (2)
∴ area of segment $$\widehat{\mathrm{AYB}}$$
= 462 – 190.95
= 271.05 cm2
= 271.05 cm2 Question 2.
In a wall clock, length of minutes needle is 7 cm. Then find the area covered by it in 10 minutes of time.
Solution:
Length of minutes needle =(r) = 7 cm
We need to calculate the area covered by in 10 minutes of time = Area of sector. Now the angle covered by it in 60 minutes = 360°
∴ In 10 minutes = $$\frac{360}{60}$$ × 10 = 60°
Area of sector =  × 7 × 7
= $$\frac{154}{6}=\frac{77}{3}$$
∴ Area covered by it in 10 minutes of time = $$\frac{77}{3}$$ cm2 = 25.66 cm2

Question 3.
Find the area of a right hexagon inscribed in a circle having 14 cm of radius.
Solution:
Radius of circle = OA = OB = OC = OD = OE = OF = 14 cm ∠AOB = $$\frac{360}{6}$$ = 60°
∴ In ΔAOB AO = BO = 14 cm
∠AOB = 60°
then ∠OAB = ∠OBA
(∵ Opposite to equal sides)
And ∠OAB + ∠OBA + 60 = 180
=> ∠OAB = ∠OBA = ∠AOB = 60°
Hence it is an equilateral triangle.
∴ OA = OB = AB = 14 cm
∴ Area of hexagon = 6 (Area of ΔAOB)
= 6. $$\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}$$ a2
= 6. $$\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}$$ × 14 × 14
Area of hexagon = 294$$\sqrt{3}$$ cm2

Question 4.
Four carrorp board pans are arranged as shown in figure. Radius of the pan is 3 cm each. Then find the area in between of them.
Solution:
Area in between 4 pans = Area of square ABCD formed by joining their centres – 4 (area of sector) Now side of square ABCD = 3 + 3 = 6
Then area of square ABCD
= 6 × 6
= 36 cm2
and now area of sector = $$\frac{x}{360}$$ × πr2
Area of 4 sectors
= 4 × $$\frac{90}{360} \times \frac{22}{7}$$ × 3 × 3
= $$\frac{198}{7}$$ = 28.3 cm2
∴ Area in between 4 pans i.e., shaded
= 36 – 28.3 = 7.7 cm2